Invited Commentary: Body Mass Index and Suicide – Untangling an Unlikely Association

A series of prospective studies have found body mass index to be inversely associated with risk of suicide. In the progression from disturbed mental health to suicide ideation to attempted suicide & suicide, augmented by impulsivity & access to highly lethal means, there are several potential steps at which body mass index has been hypothesized[…]

Intronic Polymorphism of Tryptophan Hydroxylase and Serotonin Transporter: Indication for Combined Effect in Predisposition to Suicide

Owing to the assumed functionality of intronic polymorphisms of tryptophan hydroxylase (218AC) and 5-hydroxytryptamine transporter (VNTR-2) genes, the authors investigated frequencies of occurrence of the tryptophan hydroxylase & 5-hydroxytryptamine transporter genotypes containing lower activity alleles in 192 suicide victims & 377 controls. Significant differences in frequences of these genotype combinations were found between suicide victims[…]

Police Suicides in the New York City Police Department: Causal Factors and Remedial Measures (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

Since 1985, 89 uniformed members of the New York City Police Department have died by suicide. The department has established several employee assistance units, innovative programs, & initiatives to assist police personnel who are experiencing personal & professional problems in an effort to reduce the incidence of police suicides. This chapter will discuss causal factors[…]

Police Suicide: Living Between the Lines (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

This chapter presents a model known as “living between the lines”, one interpretation of the correlation between interpersonal stress & suicide. This approach explores an officer’s commitment to a career that has been described as a de facto marriage, at times superseding family. The cumulative effect of the cycle of stress described in this model[…]

Suicide Deaths Concentrated in Beijing Universities

In this letter to the editor, the authors discuss suicide among students at Beijing University. Earlier in 2007, five suicides happened within a period of 8 days – the deaths coincided with official statements from the Ministry of Education on the relatively low rate of suicide among Chinese university students. The effect of the one-child[…]

Suicide Prevention

This pocket-book includes the following chapters: Historical Review; Definitions; Epidemiology; Contributing Factors to Suicide; Mental Disorders & the Biological Substrate of Suicide; Psychosocial Influences on Suicidal Behaviour; An Evidence Based Management Approach; Initial Assessment & Management; Non-Pharmacological Approaches; Pharmacological Approaches; Broad Suicide Prevention Initiatives; Bereavement After Suicide; Frequently Asked Queations; & Conclusion. An appendix provides[…]

Childhood Predictors of Completed and Severe Suicide Attempts: Findings From the Finnish 1981 Birth Cohort Study

Predictive associations between childhood psychopathologic disorders at the age of 8 years & later suicide & severe suicide attempts were studied in a birth cohort that included 5302 Finns born in 1981 & examined at the age of 8. 54 individuals had either died by suicide or made a serious attempt resulting in hospital admission.[…]

Suicidal Behavior Among Adolescent Students in Puerto Rico, Academic Years 2002-2003 and 2003-2004

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Perspectives on Suicide in Africa

This article examines common determinants of suicide in various African populations, the usual methods of suicide, & prevention strategies. (13 refs.)

A Comparison of Suicide Note Writers With Suicides who did not Leave Notes

Using 10 years of cases from Summit County, Ohio, suicide victims who left notes were compared with those who did not leave notes. The 2 groups were compared on 40 variables including sociodemographic characteristics, reported affect before death, precipitating events, physical & mental health status & care, & method of suicide. The only differences found[…]