Ugandan men’s perceeption of what causes and what prevents suicide

Suicidal behavior is illegal in Uganda. There are no reliable public suicide statistics, but studies indicate that the rates of both suicide and nonfatal suicidal behavior are higher for men than for women. This study examined Ugandan menĂ•s perceptions of what causes and what prevents suicide as well as their attitudes towards suicide and suicide […]

Suicide in Youth: Shifting Paradigm

A prospective-retrospective study was carried out of suicide among young people in Jaipur, India during 2004-2008. 223 suicides were identified among the 627 autopsies that were performed. Results indicated the interrelation between the availability of highly lethal methods & the rate of suicide. 3 cases involving young adults pursuing their professional qualifications are presented. (9 […]

Review of Suicidal Cases, a Retrospective Study

This paper reports on 159 suicides during 2003-2004 & examined post-mortem in an unidentified district of India. A detailed study was done of age, gender, time of suicide, socioeconomic status, education, & precipitating conditions. Information was also sought from victims’ relatives & suicide notes, where available. Psychosocial factors, like family disputes, played a greater role […]

Particularities of Suicide in the Elderly. A Population-Based Study

A population-based study of elderly suicide was undertaken, including 1008 suicides in Middle Franconia between 2004-2007. Data was analyzed regarding gender, methods, initiating motive, & chronobiological factors at the time of death. Higher rates of suicide were observed in the population at risk over 65 years old, in both genders. There were significant differences regarding […]

Construct Development: the Suicide Trigger Scale (STS-2), a Measure of a Hypothesized Suicide Trigger State

This study aimed to develop the construct of a suicide trigger state by exploring data gathered with a novel psychometric self-report instrument, the STS-2. The scale was administed to 141 Israeli adult psychiatric patients with suicide ideation. Multiple statistical methods were used to explore construct validity & structure. Cronbach’s alpha demonstrated excellent internal consistency. Factor […]

Department of Corrections (DOC) Inmate Suicide Prevention Study: Research & Evaluation

This report includes 3 studies associated with inmate suicide within Oregon’s Department of Corrections. The first is a statistical analysis that recognizes inmate static & demographic factors that differentiate the average inmate from the inmate at higher risk for a suicide attempt. The second analysis identifies the inmate static & dynamic factors that differentiate the […]

Invited Commentary: Body Mass Index and Suicide – Untangling an Unlikely Association

A series of prospective studies have found body mass index to be inversely associated with risk of suicide. In the progression from disturbed mental health to suicide ideation to attempted suicide & suicide, augmented by impulsivity & access to highly lethal means, there are several potential steps at which body mass index has been hypothesized […]

Suicides Among Seafarers in UK Merchant Shipping, 1919-2005

This study established the causes, rates, & trends in suicides at work among seafarers in British merchant shipping from 1919-2005, & compared suicide rates with the general United Kingdom population, & with seafarers employed in non-United Kingdom shipping. The suicide rate in British shipping fell from 40-50 per 100,000 in the 1920s to less than […]

Deliberate Self-Poisoning in Oman

The demographics, precipitating factors, substances & methods used for deliberate self-harm in Oman are described. Data were extracted from the records of patients treated at emergency units in Muscat from 1993-1998. During the 5-year study period, 123 persons presented to hospital with injuries that resulted from deliberate self-harm. Most cases involved women, students, & the […]

A Prospective Study of Suicidal Behaviour in Sundarban Delta, West Bengal, India

A year-long prospective study of all patients admitted for deliberate self-harm at 13 block primary health centres of the Sundarban region was done to examine the sociodemographic profile & clinical outcome of suicidal behaviour. A total of 1614 self-harm subjects were admitted during the year; 143 died. Although women, especially in the younger age groups, […]

Suicide in the Opera (IN: Suicide and the Creative Arts, edited by S Stack & D Lester)

This chapter examines representative examples of suicide in the operatic genre. One of the findings is that the majority of suicides are by women, unlike real life where men die by suicide far more frequently than women. Female suicides appear in at least three situations – unrequited love &/or intense rejection, a lover’s seemingly hopeless […]

Cpl. Paul Smith’s Life: the Force let him Down

This article relates the factors contributing to the suicide of Paul Smith, an 18-year member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Following his death, he was diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder. It is asserted Cpl. Smith did not receive the treatment he needed even though, when asked, he had acknowledged having thoughts of suicide.

Parasuicide in Pregnancy

Parasuicide is a significant risk factor for completed suicide. Furthermore, suicide is emerging as an important cause of maternal death, especially among young mothers. There are no published reports of parasuicide in pregnancy from poor countries. Three cases are reported to highlight this issue & to demonstrate management options available to health professionals working in […]

A Detailed Study on Suicides in Baranya County (Hungary)

Suicides in Baranya County, Hungary between 1983-1987 were investigated with regard to biodemographical aspects. There were 1056 suicides with the rate being higher in villages than towns. Suicide rates increased with age. Analysis of interviews with relatives showed that 20% of elderly males could not cope with their losses & found no way out except […]

Suicide in Creative Women (IN: Suicide and the Creative Arts, edited by S Stack & D Lester)

This chapter explores the question of whether the suicides of creative women were because they were women, because they were creative, or because they were creative women. The lives of six creative women who died by suicide are compared to six creative women who died from natural causes to see if clear differences are apparent […]

Suicidal Behavior and Alcohol Abuse

The authors reviewed evidence of the relationship between alcohol use & suicide through a search of the MedLine & PsycInfo databases. Multiple genetically-related intermediate phenotypes might influence this relationship. Psychiatric disorders, including psychosis, mood disorders, & anxiety disorders, as well as susceptibility to stress, might increase the risk of suicidal behaviour, but may also have […]

Emotional Triggers and Psychopathology Associated With Suicidal Ideation in Urban Children With Elevated Aggressive-Disruptive Behavior

8.6% suicide ideation was found among 349 urban 6-9 year olds in the top tercile of aggressive-disruptive behaviour. Suicide ideation was associated with more self-reported depression, opposition defiance disorder, conduct problems, & attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms & 3.5-5 times more clinically significant symptoms. Parents rated more symptoms in older children associated with suicide ideation […]

Ethnic Variations in Pathways to Acute Care and Compulsory Detention for Women Experiencing a Mental Health Crisis

This study explored ethnic variations in compulsory detentions of women & the potential role of immediate pathways to admission & clinician-rated reasons for admission as mediators of these differences. All women admitted to an acute psychiatric inpatient ward or a women’s crisis house in 4 London boroughs during a 12-week period were included. Adjusting for […]

A Note on Recent Trends in Suicide in Fiji

The only source of national data is the statistics unit of Fiji’s police force who record all deaths that were not caused by disease, along with such data as the gender & ethnicity of the deceased. They are willing to provide information on suicide within the constraints of having the staff & resources needed to […]

Artist Suicide in the Cinema (IN: Suicide and the Creative Arts, edited by S Stack & D Lester)

This chapter explores the frequency of representations of artist suicide in the cinema, whether some subtypes of artists are portrayed more often, & whether internal motives for artist suicides are more likely to be portrayed than for suicides of other occupations. The second section of the chapter qualitatively assesses 5 apparent patterns in the presentation […]

Nepal Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Study 2008/2009: Summary of Preliminary Findings

This study examined all deaths of Nepalese women of reproductive age, April 2008-April 2009. Verbal autopsies were carried out to determine the cause of death & contributory factors. During the study period, suicide was the leading cause of death (16 percent), a steep increase from 1998 when suicide was ranked third. Analysis of verbal autopsy […]

Lay Theories of Suicide in Turkish and American Students

This study compared the lay theories of suicide held by Turkish & American respondents. Measures of attitudes toward suicide & of personality variables were administered to 330 Turkish undergraduates & 419 American undergraduates. Turkish students saw interpersonal factors as less important & societal factors as more important in causing suicide as compared to the American […]

Suicide in Tonga, 1982-1997

This paper examines suicide trends in Tonga & provides a measure of the magnitude of the problem. The anecdotal notion of an increasing problem is assessed. Methods to determine the epidemiology of suicide in Tonga are discussed. (9 refs.) JA