Completed versus attempted suicide in psychiatric patients: A psychological autopsy study

The aims of this study were to identify specific risk factors associated with completed suicide in a sample of suicide victims diagnosed with mental illness and to discriminate completed suicides from attempted suicide in individuals who did not kill themselves for at least the next 2 years after the index attempt. Ninety-four adults (34 women; […]

A content analysis of online suicide notes: Attempted suicide versus attempt resulting in suicide

Fifty suicide notes of those who died by suicide and 50 suicide notes of those who survived their suicide attempt were analyzed using Smallest Space Analysis. The core of all suicide notes was discovered to be constructed with the use of four variables: saying goodbye to their audience, feelings of loneliness, method used to attempt suicide, and negative self‐image. […]

Suicide attempt as a risk factor for completed suicide: Even more lethal than we knew.

Objective: While suicide attempt history is considered to robustly predict completed suicide, previous studies have limited generalizability because of using convenience samples of specific methods/treatment settings, disregarding previous attempts, or overlooking first-attempt deaths. Eliminating these biases should more accurately estimate suicide prevalence in attempters. Method: This observational retrospective-prospective cohort study using the Rochester Epidemiology Project […]

Previous suicide attempt and its association with method used in a suicide death.

Introduction Non-fatal suicide attempts are a risk factor for suicide, but less is known about its effect on the method of injury used in an eventual suicide death. This study examines the association between history of non-fatal suicide attempt and the risk of a poisoning suicide versus firearm or hanging suicide in Colorado. Methods Nine […]

Suicide and suicide attempts in adolescents.

Suicide is the second leading cause of death for adolescents 15 to 19 years abstract old. This report updates the previous statement of the American Academy of Pediatrics and is intended to assist pediatricians, in collaboration with other child and adolescent health care professionals, in the identifi cation and management of the adolescent at risk […]

Epidemiological survey of intentional poisoning suicide during 1993-2013 in Ilam Province, Iran.

Suicide is an important social tragic phenomenon which occurs by different tools or methods in different communities. Considering deliberate poisoning as a common and important method in Ilam province for suicide, the present study was launched to epidemiologically assess committing suicide in Ilam province, Iran, based on intentional poisoning. Totally, 6794 cases of suicide (annual […]

Prevalence and risk factors for lifetime suicide ideation, plan and attempt in Chinese men who have sex with men.

A total of 807 MSM were recruited using a respondent-driven sampling method from Anshan, Benxi, Dandong, and Shenyang cities in northeastern China. Chinese MSM have significantly increased risk for suicidal behaviors, mental disorders and their comorbidities could be the largest risk factors for the elevated suicidal behaviors in Chinese MSM. Reducing the family and social […]

Completed suicides and self-harm in Malaysia: A systematic review.

The present research marks a first step towards understanding the prevalence and correlates of suicide and self-harm in Malaysia. However, the heterogeneity of the included studies was high. Further research into the antecedents, consequences and interventions for suicide and self-harm in the Malaysian context is required.

Risk of suicide following deliberate self-poisoning.

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Poststroke suicide attempts and completed suicides: A socioeconomic and nationwide perspective.

We examined attempted and completed suicides after stroke to determine whether they were associated with socioeconomic status, other patient characteristics, or time after stroke. Both clinical and socioeconomic factors increase the risk of poststroke suicide attempts. This suggests a need for psychosocial support and suicide preventive interventions in high-risk groups of stroke patients. Contact us […]

First-degree relatives of suicide completers may have impaired decision-making but functional cognitive control.

Highlights: Deficits in value-based decision-making and cognitive control have previously been found in suicide attempters. Here, we report disadvantageous decision-making in first-degree relatives of suicide completers. Risky decision-making may therefore be a heritable endophenotype of suicide. Normal cognitive control could be a protective factor against suicide in this population. Contact us for a copy of […]

Different stress-related gene expression in depression and suicide.

Highlights In total 124 postmortem brain samples, derived from major depressive disorder who committed suicide and died of other cause. Different gene expression patterns are present between patients that suffered from depression with or without suicide. Changes are more pronounced in the anterior cingulate cortex than in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Suicide and depression are […]

Role of media reports in completed and prevented suicide: Werther v. Papageno effects.

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Alcohol-related risk of suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, and completed suicide: A meta-analysis.

Several original studies have investigated the effect of alcohol use disorder (AUD) on suicidal thought and behavior, but there are serious discrepancies across the studies. Thus, a systematic assessment of the association between AUD and suicide is required. Methods We searched PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus until February 2015. We also searched the Psycinfo […]

Alcohol-Related risk of suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, and completed suicide: A meta-analysis

Several original studies have investigated the effect of alcohol use disorder (AUD) on suicidal thought and behavior, but there are serious discrepancies across the studies. Thus, a systematic assessment of the association between AUD and suicide is required. There is sufficient evidence that AUD significantly increases the risk of suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, and completed […]

Case study of posts before and after a suicide on a Swedish internet forum.

Websites and discussion forums have become an important and sometimes controversial source of information on suicide. Using a case report, our aim was to examine the responses, attitudes and beliefs that were communicated on a forum before, during and after a suicide act. We undertook two related analyses: a qualitative investigation of the messages that […]

National Registration System of suicide behaviors in Iran: Barriers and challenges.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

Apples to oranges?: A direct comparison between suicide attempters and suicide completers.

Suicide attempters and completers may represent different but overlapping groups of distressed individuals. Although depression is related to an increased risk of suicide, the presence of depression may not discriminate suicide attempters from completers. The present study compared suicide attempters and suicide completers on symptoms of depression, the presence of suicide-related variables and stressful life […]

Evaluation of the quality of cause of death statistics in rural China using verbal autopsies.

Death registration systems in rural China are in a developmental stage. The Disease Surveillance Points (DSP) system provides the only nationally representative information on causes of death. In this system, there are no standard procedures or instruments for ascertaining causes of death; hence available statistics require careful evaluation before use. Contact us for a copy […]

Taking leave from work: The impact of culture on Japanese female nurses.

The paper shows that there are many overlapping, complex issues affecting nurses working in Japan and their needs need to be considered and addressed in order to promote a healthier work environment, as well as a more humanistic environment.

Genome-wide methylation changes in the brains of suicide completers.

Objective: Gene expression changes have been reported in the brains of suicide completers. More recently, differences in promoter DNA methylation between suicide completers and comparison subjects in specific genes have been associated with these changes in gene expression patterns, implicating DNA methylation alterations as a plausible component of the pathophysiology of suicide. The authors used […]

Patient suicide: the experience of Flemish psychiatrists.

Journal is held in the CSP Library.

Factors associated with suicidal behaviors in mainland China: A meta-analysis.

Socio-family environment, lifestyle, life events and psychiatric/psychological factors are associated with suicidal behaviors in China. Further caseÐcontrol or cohort studies are needed to better understand suicide behaviors in China. Meanwhile, there is an urgent need for comprehensive studies of suicide interventions among high-risk populations.