A comparative study on sociodemographic and clinical factors in patients of severed depression with and without suicide

Background and Aim: Suicide is one of the most severe outcomes of depression, with around 700,000 people dying due to s range from 10 to 40 times more frequent than c ompleted suicide. This further leads to suicide hence suicide attempts will be a major public and mental health concern in India.  sociodemographic and clinical […]

Comparison of suicide rates among US veteran and nonveteran populations

Introduction The US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) estimates that between 2017 and 2020 veteran suicide rates were 1.57 to 1.66 times greater than nonveterans in the US, after adjusting for age and sex differences.1 This finding does not mean that veteran suicide rates are 1.57 to 1.66 times greater than nonveterans with the same age […]

Comparative epidemiology of suicide in South Korea and Japan: Effects of age, gender and suicide methods

Background: Suicide is one of the leading causes of mortality in both South Korea and Japan. Aims: The study aims to compare the descriptive epidemiology of suicide over the last two decades (1985-2006) and to explore the conditions associated with the different distribution of suicides in both countries. Methods: Age-standardized suicide rates were obtained from the OECD Health […]

Self‑reported sleep and exercise patterns in patients admitted with suicidal attempts: A cross‑sectional comparative study

Background There is evidence that sleep disturbances and exercise are risk factors for suicide attempts; however, whether sleep disturbances are independently associated with suicide attempts is debatable. We compared the sleep and exercise patterns of individuals who attempted suicide to those of the general population and investigated whether sleep disturbances were independently associated with suicide […]

Comparison of mental health symptoms before and during the covid-19 pandemic: Evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis of 134 cohorts

Objective: To synthesise results of mental health outcomes in cohorts before and during the covid-19 pandemic. Design: Systematic review. Data sources: Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, medRxiv, and Open Science Framework Preprints. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Studies comparing general mental health, anxiety symptoms, or depression symptoms assessed from […]

USA suicides compared to other western countries in the 21st century: Is there a relationship with gun ownership?

Objectives Causes of suicide are complex indicating a nation’s psycho-socio-economic well-being hence this population-based study explores whether USA suicides worsened compared to nineteen Other Western Countries (OWC) being possibly related to gun ownership in the 21st Century. Methods Total suicide data are drawn from the latest WHO Age-Standardised-Death-Rates per million (pm) controlled for age, sex, and population, […]

An examination of social comparison and suicide ideation through the lens of the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior

We aimed to investigate whether negative social comparisons are associated with key components of the integrated motivational-volitional (IMV) model of suicidal behavior. Specifically, we investigated the relationship between negative social comparisons, suicide ideation, defeat, entrapment, socially prescribed perfectionism, and resilience. Adult participants (N = 422) completed an online survey comprised of a range of psychological measures. An […]

Suicide rates in VHA patients through 2011 with comparisons with other Americans and other veterans through 2010.


Comparative analysis of suicide, accidental, and undetermined cause of death classification.

Suicide determination is not standardized across medical examiners, and many suspected suicides are later classified as accidental or undetermined. The present study investigated patterns between these three groups using a medical examiner database and 633 structured interviews with next of kin. There were similarities across all three classification groups, including rates of mental illness and […]

Comparing the risk of suicide of college students with nonstudents.


A comparison of lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual college undergraduate women on selected mental health issues.


Are Canadian Soldiers More Likely to Have Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts Than Canadian Civilians?

This study determined whether the prevalence & correlates of past-year suicide ideation & suicide attempts differ in Canadian soldiers when compared with Canadian civilians. Logistic regression interaction models were used. Although there was no significant difference between the 2 samples on prevalence of past-year suicide ideation, the prevalence of past-year suicide attempts was significantly lower […]

Seasonal Differences in Suicide Birth Rate in Alaska Natives Compared to Other Populations

Seasonal differences in suicide birth rates among Alaska Natives & for populations at different latitudes (resident of the Yukon, Saskatchewan, Montana, Wyoming, & Pennsylvania) were investigated. Seasonal birth rates for the general population were similarly examined. Suicide birth rates showed small seasonal variations for Alaska Natives with summer births showing more suicides. However, at lower […]

Emotional Impact of a Video-Based Suicide Prevention Program on Suicidal Viewers and Suicide Survivors

In light of ongoing concerns about iatrogenic effects associated with suicide prevention efforts using video-based media, the impact of emotionally-charged videos on 2 vulnerable subgroups – suicidal viewers & suicide survivors – was explored. Following participation in routine suicide education as a part of the American Air Force Suicide Prevention Program’s video-based community briefing, a […]

Attitudes Towards Suicide Among Medical Students: Comparison Between Madras (India) and Vienna (Austria)

Attitudes towards suicide among medical students in Madras & Vienna were compared. Results showed a very restrictive attitude in Madras, rejecting the right to die by suicide, nearly always judging suicide as a cowardly act, & rejecting the idea of assisted suicide. A more permissive attitude was found in the Vienna sample. The Indian pattern […]

What Does Psychological Autopsy Study Tell us About Charcoal Burning Suicide – a new and Contagious Method in Asia?


Changing Patterns of Suicide in a Poor, Rural County Over the 20th Century: a Comparison With National Trends

This study compared suicide rates in Cornwall with the rest of England & Wales over a 90-year period, 1911-2001. Age & gender standardized mortality ratios were calculated for suicide & undetermined death for Cornwall standardized to England & Wales. Since the 1960s suicide rates in Cornwall have risen significantly above England & Wales. This change […]

Suicide Prevention in Nepal: a Comparison to Australia – a Personal View

There appear to be a number of differences in the aetiology, presentation, & treatment options for mental health problems between high-resource & low-resource countries. This review compares suicide & suicide prevention in a high-resource country, Australia, & a low-resource country, Nepal. (25 refs.)

Lay Theories of Suicide in Turkish and American Students

This study compared the lay theories of suicide held by Turkish & American respondents. Measures of attitudes toward suicide & of personality variables were administered to 330 Turkish undergraduates & 419 American undergraduates. Turkish students saw interpersonal factors as less important & societal factors as more important in causing suicide as compared to the American […]

Suicide Attempt and n-3 Fatty Acid Levels in red Blood Cells: a Case Control Study in China

The authors recruited 100 individuals who had attempted suicide & 100 control patients injured by accidents. Cases & controls were matched for age, gender, & smoking status. Blood was sampled immediately after admission to hospital. Washed red blood cells were obtained & the fatty acid composition of the total red blood cells phospholipid fraction was […]

Rural-Urban Differences in Suicide Rates for Current Patients of a Public Mental Health Service in Australia

Rural versus urban rates of suicide in current patients of a large area mental health service in Australia were compared. Suicides were identified from compulsory root cause analyses of deaths, 2003-22007. Age-standardized rates of suicide were calculated for rural versus urban mental health service & compared using variance of age-standardized rates with 95% confidence intervals. […]

The Effect of Earthquakes on the Risk of Suicide

This study evaluated whether a traumatic experience such as an earthquake has any effect on the probability of suicide, especially in those who seem psychologically healthy. Prevention & support parameters are evaluated. Two groups of 35 people each were compared regarding their probability of dying by suicide. One group had experienced an earthquake & the […]

The Social Construction of Police and Correctional Officer Suicide (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

This chapter compares the dimensions, etiology, & social construction of police & correctional officer suicide. In the process, it explains the public attention & inattention paid to both & the reality & mythology of suicide rates. These analyses, based on the author’s sociological work in police & correctional departments in the United States & Europe, […]