An examination of social comparison and suicide ideation through the lens of the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior

We aimed to investigate whether negative social comparisons are associated with key components of the integrated motivational-volitional (IMV) model of suicidal behavior. Specifically, we investigated the relationship between negative social comparisons, suicide ideation, defeat, entrapment, socially prescribed perfectionism, and resilience. Adult participants (N = 422) completed an online survey comprised of a range of psychological measures. An […]

Suicide rates in VHA patients through 2011 with comparisons with other Americans and other veterans through 2010.

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Comparative analysis of suicide, accidental, and undetermined cause of death classification.

Suicide determination is not standardized across medical examiners, and many suspected suicides are later classified as accidental or undetermined. The present study investigated patterns between these three groups using a medical examiner database and 633 structured interviews with next of kin. There were similarities across all three classification groups, including rates of mental illness and […]

Comparing the risk of suicide of college students with nonstudents.

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A comparison of lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual college undergraduate women on selected mental health issues.

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Are Canadian Soldiers More Likely to Have Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts Than Canadian Civilians?

This study determined whether the prevalence & correlates of past-year suicide ideation & suicide attempts differ in Canadian soldiers when compared with Canadian civilians. Logistic regression interaction models were used. Although there was no significant difference between the 2 samples on prevalence of past-year suicide ideation, the prevalence of past-year suicide attempts was significantly lower […]

Seasonal Differences in Suicide Birth Rate in Alaska Natives Compared to Other Populations

Seasonal differences in suicide birth rates among Alaska Natives & for populations at different latitudes (resident of the Yukon, Saskatchewan, Montana, Wyoming, & Pennsylvania) were investigated. Seasonal birth rates for the general population were similarly examined. Suicide birth rates showed small seasonal variations for Alaska Natives with summer births showing more suicides. However, at lower […]

The Effect of Earthquakes on the Risk of Suicide

This study evaluated whether a traumatic experience such as an earthquake has any effect on the probability of suicide, especially in those who seem psychologically healthy. Prevention & support parameters are evaluated. Two groups of 35 people each were compared regarding their probability of dying by suicide. One group had experienced an earthquake & the […]

The Social Construction of Police and Correctional Officer Suicide (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

This chapter compares the dimensions, etiology, & social construction of police & correctional officer suicide. In the process, it explains the public attention & inattention paid to both & the reality & mythology of suicide rates. These analyses, based on the author’s sociological work in police & correctional departments in the United States & Europe, […]

Self Inflicted Burn; a High Tide

This study highighted the demographic profile, examined methods of self-inflicted burns, & explored precipitating factors in Jamshoro, Pakistan over a period of 8 years. 154 cases with self-inflicted burns were divided into 2 groups: sucide attempters & self-immolators. Self-immolators were considerably younger than suicide attempters. Males dominated in the self-immolators group while females outnumbered males […]

An Investigation of Interpersonal-Psychological Variables in Air Force Suicides: a Controlled-Comparison Study

This study evaluated whether Joiner’s (2005) theory could differentiate 60 United States Air Force personnel who died by suicide from a sample of 122 living active duty personnel. A new measure, the Interpersonal-Psychological Survey, was also used. Analyses of the Interpersonal-Psychological Survey support initial validation efforts to establish it as a predictive measure for suicide. […]

Homicide Followed by Suicide: a Comparison With Homicide and Suicide

Homicide-suicides are a rare yet very serious form of lethal violence which mainly occur in partnerships & families. The extent to which homicide-suicide can be undertood as being primarily a homicide or a suicide event, or rather a category of its own is examined. In total, 103 homicide-suicides were compared to 3,203 homicides & 17,751 […]

The Effects of Religious Versus Secular Education on Suicide Ideation and Suicidal Attitudes in Adolescents in Turkey

This study investigated the impact of religious versus secular education on suicide ideation & attitudes towards suicide & a suicidal close friend in Turkish adolescents. A questionnaire collected data from 206 adolescents undergoing religious education & 214 adolescents undergoing secular education. Suicide ideation was more frequent in adolescents in secular education. The secular group was […]

Differences in the Outcomes and Treatments of Extensively Burned Patients Between a Chinese Hospital and a Japanese Hospital

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Cannabis use and Deliberate Self-Harm in Adolescence: a Comparative Analysis of Associations in England and Norway

This study tested hypotheses on causality & selection regarding associations between cannabis use & deliberate self-harm among adolescents. School surveys were conducted among 9,800 adolescents in England & Norway applying identical measures on deliberate self-harm, suicidal thoughts, cannabis use, & various potential confounders. Cannabis use was more prevalent in England than Norway. It was associated […]

Self-Inflicted and Other-Inflicted Intentional Burns Versus Unintentional Burns: a Comparison Study

This study examined group differences between intentional & unintentional burn injuries, comparing 109 individuals with self-inflicted & 109 individuals with other-inflicted burns to an unintentional burn group. Those were intentional burn injuries (self- & other-inflicted) were more likely to be young, female, unmarried, unemployed, abuse substances, & have positive alcohol/drug screens at hospital admission. Individuals […]

Suicide Methods Used by Women in Korea, Sweden, Taiwan and the United States

Age- & method-specific suicide rates for women in South Korea, Taiwan, Sweden, & the United States in 2002 were calculated & compared. Hanging, firearms, & jumping from a height were classified as violent suicide methods. Poisoning suicides were further classified according to use of drugs, gases, pesticides, & other agents. Half of Taiwanese & American […]

Differences in Mortality and Suicidal Behaviour Between Treated and Never-Treated People With Schizophrenia in Rural China

This study explored 10-year mortality & suicidal behaviour among never-treated Chinese individuals with schizophrenia. Data from a 10-year prospective follow-up study (1994-2004) was used. The mortality rate for never-treated individuals was 2761 per 100,000 person years during follow-up. There were no significant differences of rates of suicide & all-cause mortality between never treated & treated […]

Clustering Semantic Spaces of Suicide Notes and Newsgroups Articles

Historically, suicide risk assessment has relied on question-&-answer tools. These tools, built on psychometric advances, are widely used because of availability. Yet there is no known tool based on biologic & cognitive evidence. This absence often causes a vexing clinical problem for clinicians who question the value of the result as time passes. This paper […]

Mortality Among Male Anaesthetists in the United Kingdom, 1957-83

A cohort of 3769 male anaesthetists resident in the United Kingdom between 1957-1983 was followed up for a total of 51,431 person years of observation. With all men in social class I being taken as the standard, the standardised mortality ratio among anaesthetists for all causes of death was 68. 16 of the 221 deaths […]

Suicide Motives in 61 Works of Popular World Literature and Comparison to Film (IN: Suicide and the Creative Arts, edited by S Stack & D Lester)

Research is needed to ascertain cultural patterns in literature as a whole. The present study fills this gap & focuses on motives for suicide in a large number of popular literary works. 3 contributions are made: 1) the provision of the first systematic taxonomy of motives for suicide in a representative sample of popular literary […]

Suicide Note Classification Using Natural Language Processing: a Content Analysis

This paper presents the authors’ second attempt to determine the role of computational algorithms in understanding a suicidal patient’s thoughts as represented by suicide notes. It was hypothesized that machine learning algorithms can categorize suicide notes as well as mental health professionals & psychiatric trainees do. 33 notes from suicide victims were matched to 33 […]

A Reassessment of Suicide Measurement: Some Comparative PYLL-Based Trends in Queensland, Australia, 1920-2005

This paper applies 2 different methods of measuring suicide data: the conventional age-standardized suicide (count) rate & the alternative rate, potential years of life lost. Both measures were applied to suicide data for Queensland, Australia since 1920. The measures were also applied to deaths due to circulatory diseases, cancers, & motor vehicle accidents. The two […]