State of Ireland’s mental health: Findings from a nationally representative survey

Aims Current information about the prevalence of various mental health disorders in the general adult population of the Republic of Ireland is lacking. In this study, we examined the prevalence of 12 common mental disorders, the proportion of adults who screened positive for any disorder, the sociodemographic factors associated with meeting criteria for a disorder […]

Healthcare utilization and comorbidity shortly before suicide mortality in patients with attention‑deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A nested case–control study

Few studies have analyzed healthcare utilization before suicide among individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study examined the pattern of healthcare utilization and comorbidities shortly before death among patients with ADHD who died by suicide and compared these data with those of living controls. This study used Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Research Database to identify […]

Healthcare utilization and comorbidity shortly before suicide mortality in patients with attention‑deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A nested case–control study

Few studies have analyzed healthcare utilization before suicide among individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study examined the pattern of healthcare utilization and comorbidities shortly before death among patients with ADHD who died by suicide and compared these data with those of living controls. This study used Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Research Database to identify […]

Correlates of suicidality in young people with depressive disorders: A systematic review

Objective: Depression is one of the most prevalent and disabling mental health conditions among young people worldwide. The health and economic burdens associated with depressive illness are substantial. Suicide and depression are closely intertwined, yet a diagnosis of depression itself lacks predictive specificity for suicidal behaviour. To better inform suicide prevention and early intervention strategies […]

Profiles of patients with opioid use disorders presenting a history of suicidal ideations and attempts

Suicide rates are higher for people with an opioid use disorder, compared to the general population. This study aims to characterize opioid agonist treatment entrants who present a history of suicidal ideations or suicide attempts, according to concurrent comorbidity profiles, in an opioid use disorder treatment facility. A chart review design was used. Data was […]

Differences in comorbidities between children and youth with suicide attempts versus ideation presenting to the emergency department

Objective The aim of this work was to explore identified risk factors for suicidal ideations and attempts and the differences in these risk factors between emergency department encounters among youth seeking medical care for suicide attempt and those with suicidal ideation. Method This was a retrospective analysis of suicide-related claims for emergency department visits from […]

Addressing co-occurring suicidal thoughts and behaviors and posttraumatic stress disorder in evidence-based psychotherapies for adults: A systematic review

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a well-established risk factor for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Historically, guidelines for treating PTSD have recommended against the use of trauma-focused therapies for patients who are at high risk for suicide, likely due to concerns about potential suicide-related iatrogenesis, specifically the “triggering” of suicidal behaviors. This systematic review examined evidence […]

Characterizing the phenomenology of passive suicidal ideation: A meta-analysis of its prevalence, psychiatric comorbidity, correlates, and comparisons with active suicidal ideation

Background: Compared to active ideation, passive ideation remains relatively understudied and its clinical importance poorly defined. The weight that should be accorded passive ideation in clinical risk assessment is therefore unclear. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of passive ideation, its psychiatric comorbidity, associated sociodemographic characteristics, as well as psychological and environmental […]

The serious self-harm risk of “mixed presenters,” People who presented to New Zealand emergency departments for self-harm and other reasons: A cohort study

The objective of this study was to investigate if “Mixed Presenters,” people who present to emergency departments at least twice within 28 days, once for self-harm and once for another reason (any order), have an increased risk of subsequent serious self-harm compared to self-harm only repeat presenters. Self-harm coded emergency department data from the Multi-level […]

Factors associated with the time to transition from suicidal ideation to suicide plans and attempts in the Australian general population

Background. Suicide plans and attempts rarely occur without prior suicidal ideation but are hard to predict. Early intervention efforts need to focus on subgroups of the population who are more likely to transition from ideation to suicidal plans and attempts. The current study utilised data from a large nationally representative sample to investigate the time […]

Network structure of depression and anxiety symptoms in Chinese female nursing students

Background Comorbidity between depressive and anxiety disorders is common. From network perspective, mental disorders arise from direct interactions between symptoms and comorbidity is due to direct interactions between depression and anxiety symptoms. The current study investigates the network structure of depression and anxiety symptoms in Chinese female nursing students and identifies the central and bridge […]

Associations between multimorbidity and depression among breast cancer survivors within the UK Biobank cohort: A cross-sectional study

Background Advances in the early detection of cancer and its treatment have resulted in an increasing number of people living with and beyond breast cancer. Multimorbidity is also becoming more common in this population as more people live longer with breast cancer and experience late effects of cancer treatment. Breast cancer survivors have heightened risk […]

Childhood externalizing, internalizing and comorbid problems: Distinguishing young adults who think about suicide from those who attempt suicide.

Background: While childhood externalizing, internalizing and comorbid problems have been associated with suicidal risk, little is known about their specific associations with suicidal ideation and attempts. We examined associations between childhood externalizing, internalizing and comorbid problems and suicidal ideation (without attempts) and attempts by early adulthood, in males and females. Method: Participants were from the […]

Non-suicidal self-injury and eating disordered behaviors: An update on what we do and do not know

between non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and eating disordered (ED) behaviors and highlights meaningful directions for future research. Recent findings: While there is solid evidence indicating a robust cross-sectional association between NSSI and ED behaviors, emerging evidence suggests that the temporal relationship between these behaviors may be bidirectional. Shared functions and risk factors may explain why these behaviors […]

National Ambulance Surveillance System: A novel method using coded Australian ambulance clinical records to monitor self-harm and mental health-related morbidity

Self-harm and mental health are inter-related issues that substantially contribute to the global burden of disease. However, measurement of these issues at the population level is problematic. Statistics on suicide can be captured in national cause of death data collected as part of the coroner’s review process, however, there is a significant time-lag in the […]

Gambling disorder and suicide: An overview of the associated co-morbidity and clinical characteristics

Context: A high prevalence of suicide and attempted suicide in relation to gambling disorder is in increasing evidence in current scientific data. The objective of this review was to explore if there was a primary correlation between psychiatric co-morbidities and gambling and/or a secondary correlation with suicide acts. Evidence Acquisition: We performed a critical analysis […]

Gambling disorder, increased mortality, suicidality and associated comorbidity: A longitudinal nationwide register study

Background and aims: Gambling disorder (GD) appears to be an independent risk factor for suicide, and all-cause mortality has been sparsely studied in patients with GD. This study aims to explore mortality and suicide rates in individuals with GD compared to the general population as well as explore risk factors associated with all-cause mortality and suicide […]

Psychosocial aspects of deliberate physical suicide attempts by children and adolescents

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES. Suicide is a topical issue in Lithuania and all around the world. It is the second common cause of death among young people. There’s a lack of research studies on the psychosocial aspects of adolescents’ suicide in Lithuania. The study aimed to evaluate the demography, life circumstances, health conditions as possible suicide […]

Longitudinal study of PTSD and depression in a war-exposed sample: Comorbidity increases distress and suicide risk

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are the most common mental disorders following traumatic experiences. The aim of this study was to investigate the extent to which PTSD and depression co-occurred in Serbian general population at baseline and 1 year after the follow-up, as well as how this co-occurrence was associated […]

Psychotic experiences and suicidal outcomes in a general population sample

Psychotic experiences (PEs) are associated with suicidal ideation and attempts. However, studies examining the role of potential psychosocial confounders in these associations have yielded variable and inconclusive results. In the current study, data from 974 participants in a general population sample were analyzed. We fitted four regression models to examine the associations between PEs vs. […]

Psychiatric morbidity and suicidal behaviour in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Psychiatric disorders are reported to be present in 80% to 90% of suicide deaths in high-income countries (HIC), but this association is less clear in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). There has been no previous systematic review of this issue in LMIC. The current study aims to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in individuals […]

Psychiatric illness and sleep in older adults comorbidity and opportunities for intervention

Psychopathology is common among older adults, with community prevalence rates as high as 15% for anxiety1 and 13% for depression.2 Further, although in recent years suicide rates have been higher in midlife than among older adults, older white men still have the highest suicide rate of any group.3 Although some may think that the onset […]

Risk of attempted suicide among adolescents and young adults with traumatic brain injury: A nationwide longitudinal study

BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and suicidal behavior lead to serious morbidity and premature mortality. TBI in adulthood is associated with a higher incidence of suicide, but the risk in adolescents and young adults is not clear. METHODS: Longitudinal follow-up data were extracted from a National Health Insurance Research Database. Adolescents and young adults (12-29 […]