Suicidal behaviors and depression among adolescents in Hanoi, Vietnam: A multilevel analysis of data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey 2019

This study described the prevalence of suicidal behaviors and depression among adolescents in Hanoi, Vietnam, and examines the associated factors. In 2019, a school-based survey was conducted in three high schools in Hanoi and 661 high students were included into the study. We found that the prevalence of 12-month suicidal thoughts, suicide plans, and suicide […]

Suicidal ideation disparities among transgender and gender diverse compared to cisgender community health patients

Background Transgender and gender diverse (TGD) individuals experience more severe psychological distress and may be at higher risk for suicide compared to cisgender individuals. The existing literature largely consists of small-sample studies that do not assess subgroup differences. Objective To examine rates of self-reported suicidal ideation among four TGD groups compared to cisgender individuals. Design […]

Empowering youth to build BRIDGES: Youth leadership in suicide prevention

Suicide is a prevalent health issue for youth and understanding youth experiences is critical for the development of effective prevention strategies. Although youth perceptions regarding suicide are relatively well studied, there is a paucity of youth voices in the planning, design, facilitation, and implementation of suicide prevention research. This study examines youth perceptions of suicide […]

Being useful: Achieving Indigenous youth involvement in a community-based participatory research project in Alaska

Objectives: To report on a participatory research process in southwest Alaska focusing on youth involvement as a means to facilitate health promotion. We propose youth-guided community-based participatory research (CBPR) as way to involve young people in health promotion and prevention strategizing as part of translational science practice at the community-level. Study design: We utilized a CBPR approach […]

Community-based surveillance and case management for suicide prevention: An American Indian tribally initiated system

The National Strategy for Suicide Prevention highlights the importance of improving the timeliness, usefulness, and quality of national suicide surveillance systems, and expanding local capacity to collect relevant data. This article describes the background, methods, process data, and implications from the first-of-its-kind community-based surveillance system for suicidal and self-injurious behavior developed by the White Mountain […]

Independent effects of mental disorders on suicidal behavior in the community

This study assessed the independent contributions of nine common mental disorders on suicide ideation and suicide attempt. A community‐based survey of Australian adults (N = 3,175) was conducted to identify common mental disorders associated with recent suicide attempt. Nine disorders were assessed using DSM‐5 clinical criteria. Logistic regression models indicated that all disorders were significantly and independently […]

An ecological study of community-level correlates of suicide mortality rates in the Flemish region of Belgium, 1996-2005.

An ecological study of age-standardized suicide rates in Belgian communities (1996Ð2005) was conducted using spatial regression techniques. Community characteristics were significantly related to suicide rates. There was mixed support for the social integration perspective: single person households were associated with higher suicide rates, while religious participation was unrelated and both immigration and the presence of […]

Parental mental disorders and suicidal behavior in the Nigerian survey of mental health and well-being.

The objective of this study was to determine which parental mental disorders predict offspring suicidal behavior in a general adult population sample of a sub-Saharan African country. The World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview, version 3 was used to assess respondents’ suicidal behaviors as well as psychopathology in their parents. The effects of parental […]

The impact of the nature of relationships on perceived burdensomeness and suicide ideation in a community sample of older adults.

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Distress mediates the association between personality predispositions and suicidality: A preliminary study in a Portugese community sample.

The present study examined whether distress mediates the relationship between suicidality and the personality predispositions of Self-Criticism, Dependency/Neediness, and Efficacy. A community sample of Portuguese young adults (N = 105) completed, in a counterbalanced order, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ), the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), and reports of any suicide attempts and/or […]

Suicidal imagery in a previously depressed community sample.

This study sought to replicate previous findings of vivid suicide-related imagery in previously suicidal patients in a community sample of adults with a history of depression. Twenty-seven participants were interviewed regarding suicidal imagery. Seventeen participants reported prior suicidal ideation or behaviour in the clinical assessment, and the vast majority of these also reported experiencing suicide-related […]

Sexual orientation and its relation to mental disorders and suicide attempts:findings from a nationally representative sample

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of all Axis I and II mental disorders and suicide attempts in sexual orientation minorities with rates in heterosexuals using a nationally representative sample. METHOD: Data used were from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Wave 2 (n = 34 653, response rate = 70.2%). Cross-tabulations […]

Are Canadian Soldiers More Likely to Have Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts Than Canadian Civilians?

This study determined whether the prevalence & correlates of past-year suicide ideation & suicide attempts differ in Canadian soldiers when compared with Canadian civilians. Logistic regression interaction models were used. Although there was no significant difference between the 2 samples on prevalence of past-year suicide ideation, the prevalence of past-year suicide attempts was significantly lower […]

Suicide Ideation in Older Adults: Relationship to Mental Health Problems and Service use

Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey was used to estimate the prevalence of suicide ideation & the prevalence of major psychiatric disorder & service use among suicide ideators versus nonideators. Multivariate models considered the sociodemographic, social, & mental health correlates of suicide ideation & mental health care use. More than 2% of the sample […]

Hispanic Female Adolescents’ use of Illicit Drugs and the Risk of Suicidal Thoughts

The association between female adolescents in high school who use illicit drugs & seriously consider attempting suicide was examined. Data were analyzed from the 2003 Youth Risk Behavioral Surveillance System. Variables for suicidal thoughts, illicit drugs, & covariables were chosen to explore the association. Seriously considering attempting suicide was associated with Hispanics, suburban youth, use […]

Recent Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts in a Large-Scale Survey of the U.S. Air Force: Prevalences and Demographic Risk Factors

1-year prevalences of suicide ideation & nonfatal suicide attempts were assessed in a sample of 52,780 United States Air Force active duty members. Participants completed the online 2006 Community Assessment. Over 3% of male & 5.5% of female participants reported having experienced noteworthy suicide ideation during the previous year, & 8.7% of those with ideation […]

Likelihood of Suicidality at Varying Levels of Depression Severity: a Re-Analysis of NESARC Data

The authors used item response theory to estimate the likelihood of endorsing suicide symptoms across levels of depression severity in an epidemiological data set. Regardless of depression severity, suicide attempts were less frequently endorsed than ideation, which was less frequently endorsed than feeling like one wanted to die. All suicide symptoms were generally less likely […]

BMI and Risk Factors for Suicide: why is BMI Inversely Related to Suicide?

In 2002 & 2004 telephone surveys of American adults, participants reported their height, weight, & several potential risk factors for suicide. This study assessed whether body mass index was associated with the risk factors among 224,247 respondents in 2002 & 275,194 in 2004 after sample-weighted adjustment for age, ethnicity, region, smoking, & education. Alcohol-related risk […]

Younger Onset of Depression is Associated With Greater Suicidal Intent

This study examined whether early onset of depression is associated with the degree of intent of suicidal behaviour & whether this relationship differs according to gender. Relevant responses from 9,282 American residents were drawn from a nationally representative community survey done in 2001-2003. Younger age of onset for depression was associated with higher levels of […]

The Internal Suicide Debate Hypothesis: Exploring the Life Versus Death Struggle

This study introduces direct assessment of a suicidal debate, revealing new aspects of suicide ideation. Results, from an online survey (1,016 responses) showed nearly all suicide-risk respondents engaged in the debate. In addition, debate frequency accounted for 54 percent of the variance in suicidality scores, & showed significant associations with other indicators of suicide risk. […]

Self-Reported Suicidal and Help Seeking Behaviours in the General Population of Latvia

This study assessed the prevalence of suicidal behaviours in the general population in Latvia, identified risk groups, examined a possible continuous sequence of suicidal behaviours with underlying gradient of severity, assessed patterns of help-seeking behaviours & preferences for different types of services. A postal survey was carried out. The last year & lifetime prevalence of […]

Self-Harm, Suicide and Risk: Helping People who Self-Harm. Final Report of a Working Group (College Report CR158)

The focus of this report is to enquire into & report on why people harm & kill themselves & to consider the role (including the limits of the role) that psychiatrists & other mental healthcare professionals play in their care & treatment. Part I of the report is on understanding the problem & the people. […]

Suicidal Ideation in the Finnish General Population. A 12-Month Follow-Up Study

This study investigated the incidence, prevalence, & persistence of & recovery from suicide ideation in a sample of the Finnish general population. Postal questionnaires were mailed to 1593 subjects at baseline & on follow-up, 12 months later. The 12-month incidence (4.6%) & prevalence of suicide ideation (14.7%) was higher in men than in women. 69% […]