Empowering youth to build BRIDGES: Youth leadership in suicide prevention

Suicide is a prevalent health issue for youth and understanding youth experiences is critical for the development of effective prevention strategies. Although youth perceptions regarding suicide are relatively well studied, there is a paucity of youth voices in the planning, design, facilitation, and implementation of suicide prevention research. This study examines youth perceptions of suicide[…]

Being useful: Achieving Indigenous youth involvement in a community-based participatory research project in Alaska

Objectives: To report on a participatory research process in southwest Alaska focusing on youth involvement as a means to facilitate health promotion. We propose youth-guided community-based participatory research (CBPR) as way to involve young people in health promotion and prevention strategizing as part of translational science practice at the community-level. Study design: We utilized a CBPR approach[…]

Community-based surveillance and case management for suicide prevention: An American Indian tribally initiated system

The National Strategy for Suicide Prevention highlights the importance of improving the timeliness, usefulness, and quality of national suicide surveillance systems, and expanding local capacity to collect relevant data. This article describes the background, methods, process data, and implications from the first-of-its-kind community-based surveillance system for suicidal and self-injurious behavior developed by the White Mountain[…]

Independent effects of mental disorders on suicidal behavior in the community

This study assessed the independent contributions of nine common mental disorders on suicide ideation and suicide attempt. A community‐based survey of Australian adults (N = 3,175) was conducted to identify common mental disorders associated with recent suicide attempt. Nine disorders were assessed using DSM‐5 clinical criteria. Logistic regression models indicated that all disorders were significantly and independently[…]

Distress mediates the association between personality predispositions and suicidality: A preliminary study in a Portugese community sample.

The present study examined whether distress mediates the relationship between suicidality and the personality predispositions of Self-Criticism, Dependency/Neediness, and Efficacy. A community sample of Portuguese young adults (N = 105) completed, in a counterbalanced order, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ), the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), and reports of any suicide attempts and/or[…]

Suicidal imagery in a previously depressed community sample.

This study sought to replicate previous findings of vivid suicide-related imagery in previously suicidal patients in a community sample of adults with a history of depression. Twenty-seven participants were interviewed regarding suicidal imagery. Seventeen participants reported prior suicidal ideation or behaviour in the clinical assessment, and the vast majority of these also reported experiencing suicide-related[…]

An ecological study of community-level correlates of suicide mortality rates in the Flemish region of Belgium, 1996-2005.

An ecological study of age-standardized suicide rates in Belgian communities (1996Ð2005) was conducted using spatial regression techniques. Community characteristics were significantly related to suicide rates. There was mixed support for the social integration perspective: single person households were associated with higher suicide rates, while religious participation was unrelated and both immigration and the presence of[…]

Parental mental disorders and suicidal behavior in the Nigerian survey of mental health and well-being.

The objective of this study was to determine which parental mental disorders predict offspring suicidal behavior in a general adult population sample of a sub-Saharan African country. The World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview, version 3 was used to assess respondents’ suicidal behaviors as well as psychopathology in their parents. The effects of parental[…]

The impact of the nature of relationships on perceived burdensomeness and suicide ideation in a community sample of older adults.

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Are Canadian Soldiers More Likely to Have Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts Than Canadian Civilians?

This study determined whether the prevalence & correlates of past-year suicide ideation & suicide attempts differ in Canadian soldiers when compared with Canadian civilians. Logistic regression interaction models were used. Although there was no significant difference between the 2 samples on prevalence of past-year suicide ideation, the prevalence of past-year suicide attempts was significantly lower[…]