Effects of community-based caring contact in reducing thwarted belongingness among postdischarge young adults with self-harm: Randomized controlled trial

Background: For patients with self-harm behaviors, the urge to hurt themselves persists after hospital discharge, leading to costly readmissions and even death. Hence, postdischarge intervention programs that reduce self-harm behavior among patients should be part of a cogent community mental health care policy. Objective: We aimed to determine whether a combination of a self-help mobile […]

Munich Alliance against depression: Effects of a community-based four-level intervention program on suicide rates

Background: A four-level community-based intervention aiming simultaneously to improve the care for depression and to prevent suicidal behavior has been implemented in the German city Munich. Aims: Changes in suicide rates in Munich during 2009-2014 were analyzed with respect to a 10-year baseline. The same was true for a control region (Cologne) and Germany minus Munich. Method: The […]

Roots of Hope: A uniquely Canadian approach to suicide prevention

Suicide is a significant public health issue in Canada, with rural areas and young people experiencing a higher incidence of suicides. To address this issue, the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC) developed Roots of Hope, a community-led suicide prevention model with five pillars and 13 guiding principles. The model is flexible and tailored to […]

Strategies to prevent suicide and attempted suicide in New South Wales (Australia): Community-based outreach, alternatives to emergency department care, and early intervention

Background: This study describes the development of a system dynamics model to project the potential impact of a series of proposed suicide prevention interventions in New South Wales (NSW, Australia) over the period 2016 to 2031. Methods: A system dynamics model for the NSW population aged ≥ 20 years which represented the current incidence of […]

The engaged community action for preventing suicide (ECAPS) model in Latin America: Development of the ¡PEDIR! program

Purpose It is estimated that someone dies by suicide every 40 s globally and that 3000 people end their lives daily. Of these deaths, 79% occur in low-resource settings. The very nature of the low-resource settings often serves as a barrier to the adoption and implementation of evidence-based suicide prevention models that have demonstrated success in […]

Evaluation of a community suicide prevention project (Roots of Hope): Protocol for an implementation science study

Background: Roots of Hope (RoH) is a multisite Canadian community-based suicide prevention initiative developed by the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC), which is based on evidence for intervention effectiveness  and World Health Organization recommendations. Seven communities developed local activities in the following 5 pillars: specialized supports, training and networks, public awareness, means safety, and […]

A community-based survey and screening for depression in the elderly: The short-term effect on suicide risk in Japan

Background: In addition to implementing a depression screening program, conducting a survey beforehand might contribute to suicide risk reduction for the elderly. Aims: This study evaluates outcomes of a community-based program to prevent suicide among individuals aged 60 and over, using a quasiexperimental design with an intervention region (41,337 residents, 35.1% aged 60 and over) and a […]

Community approaches to veterans and active-duty service member suicide prevention through public health outreach: A commentary

Abstract We discuss insights on a West Central Florida community-based Veterans suicide prevention effort- a series of Veterans coffee socials. Noted as a public health crisis which has been well documented, the article provides an overview of the importance of public health approaches and academic public health engagement at a local level to addressing suicide […]

Veteran peer suicide prevention: A community-based peer prevention model

Objective The purpose of this study was to develop a conceptual model of community-based veteran peer suicide prevention. Method We conducted a qualitative study in which semi-structured interviews were followed by three focus groups. Participants (n = 17) were chosen from community-based organizations who had peers working on veteran suicide prevention; the sample included veteran peers, non-peers, […]

Short-and long-term effects of a community-based suicide prevention program: A Hong Kong experience

Background A multidisciplinary, multilayer, community-based suicide prevention program (2008–2012) was implemented in the Eastern District, Hong Kong. This article documents the program and reports on short- and longer-term program evaluation. Methods Characteristics and rates of self-harm/suicidal behaviors and suicide deaths by age group and gender in the Eastern District before, during, and after the intervention […]

Running on empty: How community mental health organizations have fared on the frontlines of COVID-19. Summary report

he pandemic has had a devastating impact on mental health, substance use and homelessness in Canada. In 2021, the Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) undertook a federation-wide research project to understand how community mental health organizations have been impacted by and responded to the pandemic. Our research helped us formulate which federal policy responses are […]

Mentally health communities: Aboriginal perspectives

The purpose of the current collection of papers is to promote dialogue on what may contribute to mentally healthy communities, with a focus on Aboriginal Peoples’ perspectives, recognizing the diversity of First Nations, Inuit and Métis groups. With the present set of papers, the Canadian Population Health Initiative (CPHI) continues to build on the momentum […]

Critical elements for successful implementation of community-based suicide prevention initiatives for Pacific Island people in Aotearoa New Zealand

This exploratory study set out to identify the critical elements to successfully implement community-based suicide prevention initiatives, within Pacific Island communities in Aotearoa New Zealand. Data was gathered from 17 community-based suicide prevention initiatives, led by and for Pacific Island people, over 24 months. The initiatives were funded by a national not-for-profit organisation, Le Va, […]

Application of the inter-personal psychological theory of suicide in a non-clinical community-based adolescent population

Background The Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) provides a theoretical model of suicide behavior that explains the emergence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt. Limited research has tested the IPTS with adolescents. The aim of the current study is to test the full IPTS model in a non-clinical community-based sample of adolescents. Methods Data […]

Protective factors as a unifying framework for strength-based intervention and culturally responsive American Indian and Alaska Native suicide prevention

The ongoing challenge of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) youth suicide is a public health crisis of relatively recent historical origin inadequately addressed by contemporary prevention science. A promising development in AIAN suicide prevention highlights the role of protective factors. A protective factor framework adopts a social ecological perspective and community-level intervention paradigm. Emphasis […]

Strengthening community-based suicide prevention initiatives for Pacific Islands people in Aotearoa New Zealand

This paper describes 17 community-based suicide prevention initiatives for Pacific Islands people living in Aotearoa New Zealand, and a brief summary of their extensive reach and results. The initiatives underwent a one-off contestable fund administered by Le Va as part of the Waka Hourua: National Māori and Pasifika Suicide Prevention Programme. The purpose of the […]