The hope & wellness screening toolkit: Developing a community based suicide and substance use screening program for American Indians and Alaska Natives

Suicide is a leading cause of death in the U.S. In American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) urban communities and rural reservation communities, youth experience high rates of suicidal ideation, attempts, and deaths. An urban AI organization partnered with a university to respond to this crisis with SAMHSA funds that supported the development and implementation of youth […]

Implementation of a community-partnered research suicide-risk management protocol: Case study from community partners in care

Objective: Suicidality is common among participants in clinical trials and health services research, but approaches to suicide risk assessment and mitigation vary widely. Studies involving vulnerable populations with limited access to care raise additional ethical concerns. The authors applied a community-partnered approach to develop and implement a suicide-risk management protocol (SRMP) in a depression study […]

Community-based support for people at risk for suicide and those who care for them: Areas for improvement

To systematically review the quality of evidence regarding the effectiveness of supports for people affected by suicide. EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PsychINFO were searched for evaluations of community-based supports for people affected by suicide. Outcomes included suicide-related behavior, depression, grief, quality of life, caring ability, and qualitative experiences. Fifteen studies evaluated 15 supports of various modalities. […]

Factors affecting collaborations between a tertiary-level emergency department and community-based mental healthcare center for managing suicide attempts

Background Community-based active contact and follow-up are known to be effective in reducing the risk of repeat suicide attempts among patients admitted to emergency departments after attempting suicide. However, the characteristics that define successful collaborations between emergency departments and community-based mental healthcare centers in this context are not well known. Methods This study investigated patients […]

A community-based response to a suicide cluster: A Hong Kong experience

Background: A 45-month community-based suicide prevention program was launched in response to the emergence of a suicide cluster in 2010 in Hong Kong. Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the program, document the implementation and outcomes of the project, and identify factors that contribute to the outcomes. Method: The program was delivered following the five key components […]

Developing a community plan for preventing and responding to suicide clusters

This resource has been developed to assist Australian communities to manage or contain an actual or potential suicide cluster. The community plan might focus on a suburb, a particular facility (e.g., a school, hospital or prison), a rural or remote area, or an Indigenous community. It could be developed by a government department, mental health […]

Perspectives on suicide prevention amongst members of Christian faith-based organizations

The purpose of this study was to explore perspectives on suicide prevention held by members of Christian faith-based organizations (FBOs). Eight focus groups were facilitated, and five major themes were identified: perceptions of responsibility, connection to suicidal persons, equipping for suicide prevention, collaboration with professional services, and hope. Overall, Christian FBO members considered suicide prevention […]

National Aboriginal Youth Suicide Prevention Strategy: Multiple case study of community initiatives

This is a report of a collaborative research project involving members associated with NAYSPS-funded community projects.. Four sites were selected on the basis of the extent to which they might be expected to have individual and community-level impact and variation in geographical region. The sites were located in Alberta (Hobbema), Saskatchewan (Battlefords Tribal Council Indian Health […]

Nges Siy (I love you): A community-based youth suicide intervention in northern British Columbia

This youth suicide prevention research project is an example of a partnership between Carrier Sekani Family Services (CSFS) and the University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Institute of Aboriginal Peoples’ Health, that directly responds to goals of ethical research conducted in First Nations’ communities. Through the […]

Waka Hourua, ko au, ko koe, ko tātou Māori suicide prevention community programme.

In 2014, the first dedicated National Māori Suicide Prevention Programme: Waka Hourua was launched by Te Rau Matatini. One of its five streams was the operation of a National Coordination Centre for Māori Community Suicide Prevention. The major programme championed by the Centre included fostering Māori leadership, and building their capacity and capability to lead […]

Modern community mental health: An interdisciplinary approach.

Landmark events, such as the 50th anniversary of the Eisenhower Commission Report and the same anniversary of the Community Mental Health Act, helped launch the community mental health movement. The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the President’s New Freedom Commission have continued this work by establishing funding sources and highlighting the importance of recovery and […]

Transforming communities: Key elements for the implementation of comprehensive community-based suicide prevention.

This report advances Objective 5.2 of the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention: Encourage community-based setting to implement effective programs and provide education that promote wellness and prevent suicide and related behaviors. Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at

Comparison of the effects of telephone suicide prevention help by volunteers and professional paid staff: Results from studies in the USA and Quebec, Canada.

Research since the 1960s has consistently found that lay volunteers are better at helping suicidal callers than professionals. Yet, professional degrees are increasingly becoming requirements for helpline workers. In our first study, we conducted post hoc comparisons of U.S. helplines with all professional paid staff, all lay volunteers, and a mix of both, using silent […]

Factors predicting drop-out in community mental health centres.

Estimated drop-out rates in outpatient psychiatric services vary considerably, ranging from 20 to 60% 1Ð9. This variation can be attributed to discrepancies in the way dropping out is defined 10, differences in sample composition, the setting in which the phenomenon is analysed and the study design. The drop-out rate is highest at initial appointments 11; […]

MATES in construction: Impact of a multimodal, community-based program for suicide prevention in the construction industry.

A large-scale workplace-based suicide prevention and early intervention program was delivered to over 9,000 construction workers on building sites across Queensland. Intervention components included universal General Awareness Training (GAT; general mental health with a focus on suicide prevention); gatekeeper training provided to construction worker volunteer ÔConnectorsÕ; Suicide First Aid (ASIST) training offered to key workers; […]

Effectiveness of community facilitator training in improving knowledge, attitudes, and confidence in relation to depression and suicidal behavior: Results of the OSPI-Europe intervention in four European countries.


Suicidal behavior during economic hard times.

Most research on suicide is quantitative, and qualitative research is needed to reveal how individuals subjectively experience and account for suicidal behaviors. Government-subsidized funding for outpatient mental health care should be sustained or increased during economic recessions to protect the most vulnerable from suicidal behavior when it is the only viable path toward immediate psychiatric […]

A Systematic review process to evaluate suicide prevention programs: a sample case of community-based programs.

The Guide to Community Preventive Services (Guide), one of the most rigorous methods of systematic reviews, was adopted to evaluate the effectiveness of 16 community, primarily youth, suicide prevention interventions, through a multisectoral collaboration. The Guide steps for obtaining and evaluating evidence on effectiveness include: forming a multidisciplinary team; developing a conceptual approach to organizing, […]

Perceptions Regarding Male Suicide and Preventative Services in Co. Kilkenny

This research set out to identify gaps in services & existing policies in addressing suicide among young rural men in County Kilkenny, Ireland. Data were obtained from interviews with service providers & focus group discussions with 15 young men. Results indicated none of the service providers had a specific focus on the problem of suicide […]

Life Force Project: Final Evaluation Report

The report presents the evaluation findings of the Life Force Project. The aim of the project was to explore the issues for community groups in addressing suicide, parasuicide, & suicidal behaviour among their clients & the wider community. A drama approach was rooted in community development principles & designed to develop life enhancing skills. The […]

Suicide Prevention Priorities 2011

In this proposal, the Irish Association of Suicidology has set key priorities in relation to suicide & deliberate self-harm prevention, including: providing training to agencies working with people who are unemployed &/or experiencing financial hardship; guidelines for assessment & aftercare of deliberate self-harm presentations to emergency departments; expanding the Suicide Support & Information System; accreditation […]

Addressing Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors in Substance Abuse Treatment Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 50, HHS Publication No. (SMA) 09-4381

Part 1 of this protocol is for substance abuse counsellors & has 2 chapters on working with clients with substance use disorders who have suicidal thoughts &/or behaviours. Part 2 is for program administrators & also has 2 chapters. Chapter 1 lay outs the rationale for the second chapter & helps administrators understand how they […]

Status of Suicide in Tennessee 2010

This report summarizes the multifaceted & multimedia efforts of the Tennessee Suicide Prevention Network to educate the general public & to save lives. Special mention is made of the statewide Suicide Prevention & Awareness Event project launched in 2009. JA Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at