How to talk to a child about a suicide attempt in your family

If there has been a recent suicide attempt in your family, this may be one of the toughest experiences you and your children may ever face. It is important to take care of yourself, so that you are better able to care for your child. This guide is intended to provide you with some of[…]

Interpersonal precipitants are associated with suicide intent communication among United States Air Force suicide decedents

Background
Few studies explore differences between suicide intent communicators and noncommunicators, and to date, none have examined the association between suicide precipitants and intent communication.
Methods
United States Air Force suicide decedents (N = 236) were categorized as suicide intent communicators or non-communicators within 30 days prior to death. The top two frequently occurring[…]

Gender differences in suicide-related communication of young suicide victims

Objectives
There is limited insight into gender differences in suicide-related communication (SRC) in youths. SRC is defined as “the act of conveying one’s own suicide ideation, intent or behaviours to another person”. Increasing our understanding of SRC in youths will enable us to recognize and specify needs of female versus male youths. The current study explores[…]

An examination of preferred messengers on firearm safety for suicide prevention

This study sought to determine differences in preferred messengers on the topic of safe firearm storage and suicide prevention between firearm owners and non-firearm owners, and among firearm owners of different racial groups and sexes. Participants were 6200 United States residents recruited via Qualtrics Panels to complete an online survey. Data were collected during March 2020.[…]

Asking about self-harm and suicide in primary care: Moral and practical dimensions

Objective
Self-harm and suicide are important topics to discuss with people experiencing mental health conditions. This study explores how such discussions unfold in practice, and how their moral and practical repercussions manifest for patients and doctors.
Methods
Conversation analysis (CA) was used to examine 20 recorded examples of doctors’ questions about self-harm[…]

Responsibly communicating delays after suicides on railways: the impact of delay announcements on suicide-related associations and emotions, and announcement appreciation

Background: By communicating collision with a person as a reason for post-suicide railway delays, railway companies may involuntarily communicate to the public that colliding with a train is a suicide method. Aims: To compare the impact of the collision with a person delay announcement with an announcement about emergency services and one about collision with[…]

Systematic comparison of recommendations for safe messaging about suicide in public communications

Background
The diversity of guidelines for safe public messaging about suicide and the heterogeneous scientific research on the topic warrants comparisons of guidelines and analysis of the relevance of research findings to determine best practices.
Methods
We searched databases and websites for organizations’ guidelines concerning safe public messaging on suicide, and relevant[…]

The communication of suicidal intentions: A meta-analysis

BACKGROUND:
Among the myths that are often cited about suicide is that ‘people who talk about killing themselves rarely die by suicide’, but the evidence seems to contradict this statement. The aim of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of studies reporting a prevalence of suicide communication (SC), and to examine the diagnostic[…]

Comparing indicators of suicidality among users in different types of nonprofessional suicide message boards: A linguistic analysis

Background: Little is known about linguistic differences between nonprofessional suicide message boards that differ in regard to their predominant attitude to suicide. Aims: To compare linguistic indicators potentially related to suicidality between anti-suicide, neutral, and pro-suicide message boards, and between the types of posters (primary posters, who initiate the thread, and the respective respondents). Method:[…]

Language and framing as determinants of the predominance of behavioural health promotion: An Australian view

The language used in health promotion warrants attention as it shapes how health promotion is understood, constraining or opening up possibilities for action. The 2016 Shanghai Declaration and the 1986 Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion call for comprehensive approaches which include policy and environmental changes. Yet many health promotion programmes in Australia continue to focus[…]