Association of combat experiences with suicide attempts among active-duty US service members

Importance  There is uncertainty about the role that military deployment experiences play in suicide-related outcomes. Most previous research has defined combat experiences broadly, and a limited number of cross-sectional studies have examined the association between specific combat exposure (eg, killing) and suicide-related outcomes. Objective  To prospectively examine combat exposures associated with suicide attempts among active-duty US service[…]

The association between specific combat experiences and aspects of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide

Studies examining the relationship between combat exposure and suicide risk typically focus on combat exposure overall, combining numerous different combat experiences. Our study expands upon prior research by examining the association between specific combat experiences and components of both suicidal desire and the capability for suicide.
Method
We hypothesized that most combat experiences would be[…]

Combat exposure and risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors among military personnel and veterans: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Guilt is more strongly associated with suicidal ideation among military personnel with direct combat exposure.

Research suggests guilt is a significant predictor of suicidal ideation among military personnel, and may be especially pronounced among those who have been exposure to combat-related traumas. The current study explored the interactive effect of direct combat exposure and guilt on suicidal ideation in a clinical sample of military personnel. Contact us for a copy[…]

Prevalence and correlates of mental health problems in Canadian Forces personnel who deployed in support of the mission in Afghanistan: Findings from postdeployment screenings, 2009-2012.

Subjects were 16 193 personnel who completed postdeployment screening after return from deployment in support of the mission in Afghanistan. Screening involved a detailed questionnaire and a 40-minute, semi-structured interview with a mental health clinician. Mental health problems were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire and the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Civilian Version. Logistic regression was[…]

Associations between types of combat violence and the acquired capability for suicide.

Research suggests that combat exposure might increase risk for suicide. The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPTS) proposes that exposure to painful and provocative experiences such as combat contribute to fearlessness about death and increased pain tolerance, which serve to enhance the individualÕs capability to attempt suicide. Violent and aggressive combat experiences, in particular, should demonstrate[…]

Exploration of the influence of childhood trauma, combat exposure, and the resilience construct on depression and suicidal ideation among U.S. Iraq/Afghanistan era military personnel and veterans.

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