Campus mental health strategy: Creating a community of caring

The University of Calgary struck a Mental Health Task Force in late 2014 to develop a comprehensive strategy on mental health. A healthy settings approach, which has its roots in the World Health Organization  Health for All strategy, was used as a framework to develop recommendations. The healthy settings approach recognizes how the culture, structure […]

The teachers’ views on campus suicide prevention and mental health promotion: An online focus group study during COVID-19

Background: Suicide among adolescents and young adults is a worldwide issue. Students spend much time in school, and school teachers play a critical role in identifying warning signs of suicide and detecting students at risk of mental health problems. However, limited studies discussed the teachers’ perspectives on campus suicide prevention.Method: A qualitative study was conducted […]

A strategic framework for a suicide-safer university

In 2017 the University of Kent and Canterbury Christ Church University came together to work on the Suicide-Safer Communities project. This project to make both universities suicide safer has since been an institutional priority for both organisations. Suicide prevention is complex and no one approach will have all the answers and solutions that we would […]

Prevalence and factors associated with suicidal ideation among university students in Bangladesh

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with suicidal ideation among university students in Bangladesh. We collected cross-sectional data from 407 students aged between 18 and 27 years at Jahangirnagar University (Dhaka, Bangladesh), using a convenience sampling technique. Of the total sample, 13.8% reported having suicidal ideation during the past 12 months. In […]

Suicide risk profiles and barriers to professional help-seeking among college students with elevated risk for suicide

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among college students, yet many students with elevated suicide risk do not seek professional help. This study identified suicide risk profiles among college students and examined these in relation to students’ perceived barriers to professional help-seeking. Data were obtained from college students (n = 1689) identified to be at […]

Relationship between suicidal thinking, anxiety, depression and stress in university students who are victims of cyberbullying

The objective of this study is to analyze the predictive capacity of cybervictimization with regards to suicidal thinking and anxiety, depression and stress in university students. The European Cyberbullying Intervention Project Questionnaire, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 and the Suicidality Scale were administered to a sample of 1282 university students (594 men and 688 women) […]

Childhood adversities and suicidal thoughts and behaviors among first‑year college students: Results from the WMH‑ICS initiative

Purpose To investigate the associations of childhood adversities (CAs) with lifetime onset and transitions across suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) among incoming college students. Methods Web-based self-report surveys administered to 20,842 incoming college students from nine countries (response rate 45.6%) assessed lifetime suicidal ideation, plans and attempts along with seven CAs: parental psychopathology, three types […]

Estimating suicide among higher education students, England and Wales: Experimental Statistics 2017 to 2020

The rate of suicide in the 12 months ending July 2017 for higher education students in England and Wales was 4.7 deaths per 100,000 students, which equates to 95 suicides; this is higher than in most of the earlier years studied, although the small numbers per year make it difficult to identify statistically significant differences. […]

A suicide prevention initiative across a multi-campus university

Increasing rates of depression, anxiety, substance use, and suicidal thoughts and behaviors among college students were exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. This report describes how components of the Johns Hopkins Suicide Prevention Awareness, Response and Coordination (JH-SPARC) Project aligned with a multi-faceted strategy for suicide prevention. Key programs included suicide screening, gatekeeper trainings, and the […]

Suicide deaths in university students in a UK city between 2010 and 2018: Case series

Background: There are longstanding concerns over the mental health and suicide risk of university students in the UK and internationally. Aims: This study aimed to identify risk factors for suicide among students attending universities in a UK city. Method: Suicide deaths between January 2010 and July 2018 were identified from university records. An audit tool was used to collate data […]

The suicide prevention for college student gatekeepers program: A pilot study

Background: American college students are presenting with increasingly lower levels of mental health and higher levels of anxiety and depression. Close to 30% of college students report having seriously considered suicide in their lifetime. It is critical to train peer gatekeepers to recognize and react to mental health emergency scenarios on college campuses. Aims: The Suicide Prevention for […]

Engagement with personalized feedback for emotional distress among college students at elevated suicide risk

Depression and suicidal ideation have substantially increased among college students, yet many students with clinically significant symptoms do not perceive their distress as warranting mental health services. Personalized feedback (PF) interventions deliver objective data, often electronically, comparing an individual’s reported symptoms or behaviors to a group norm. Several studies have shown promise for PF interventions in the […]

Hope as a process in understanding positive mood and suicide protection: A test of the broaden-and-build model

Background: According to the broaden-and-build model of positive mood, positive emotions are believed to broaden cognition resources and build psychological resiliency, to help incur positive psychological outcomes. Aim: We examined hope as a potential mediator of the association between positive mood and suicide protection (viz., life satisfaction and reasons for living) in adults. We hypothesized that positive mood […]

Depression, anxiety and suicidal behaviour among college students: Comparisons pre-COVID-19 and during the pandemic

Background: Many students struggle with psychological problems during their college years. These problems may be even more apparent during the COVID-19 pandemic with the accompanying restrictions and transition to an online learning environment, but few longitudinal studies have been conducted to date. The aim of this study was to compare symptoms of depression, anxiety and […]

Mediating the effects of depression in the relationship between university students’ attitude toward suicide, frustrated interpersonal needs, and non-suicidal self-injury during the COVID-19 pandemic

Objective The study aimed to examine the relationship on attitudes toward suicide, frustrated interpersonal needs, and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) of the university students. Methods The participants included 175 university students. Data were analyzed using the SPSS PROCESS macro (Model 4). Results Depression showed a fully mediating effect on the relationship between one’s attitude toward suicide […]

A randomized controlled trial of the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) versus treatment as usual for suicidal college students

This randomized controlled trial compared the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) and Treatment as Usual (TAU) for suicidal college students within a feasibility trial. Sixty-two suicidal college students were randomized to CAMS (n = 33) or TAU (n = 29). We hypothesized that those receiving CAMS would show more improvement in suicide-related measures, and effects would be […]

Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors among college students: A latent class analysis

This study explored emerging typologies of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors and how they relate to known psychological and cognitive correlates. Latent class analysis was employed to identify subgroups of college students (n = 626, mean age = 20, 73% female, and 83% White) based on history of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors. Differences among classes were tested to […]

A large sample survey of suicide risk among university students in China

Background: This study aimed to examine suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and suicide risk by examining a large sample of Chinese university students and identify the predictive factors, including depressive and anxiety symptoms, for suicide attempt and suicide risk. Methods: We recruited 6,836 students (aged 18-30) based on all students enrolled in 2016 from one university using cluster […]

A machine learning approach for predicting suicidal thoughts and behaviours among college students

Suicidal thoughts and behaviours are prevalent among college students. Yet little is known about screening tools to identify students at higher risk. We aimed to develop a risk algorithm to identify the main predictors of suicidal thoughts and behaviours among college students within one-year of baseline assessment. We used data collected in 2013–2019 from the […]

Program evaluation of a student-led peer support service at a Canadian university

Background University students often experience numerous financial, social and emotional stressors that can affect their mental health. The Peer Support Centre (PSC) is a pilot project that was established to provide peer support to students in these stressful conditions. We wanted to investigate whether peer support is a viable form of support that would benefit […]

An evaluation of the core competency suicide prevention training program for university health service providers

Despite advances in suicide risk assessment and intervention, evidence-based suicide prevention training for university health service providers is still lacking. This study evaluated the core competency model of suicide prevention training for an interdisciplinary sample of university counseling and student health providers (N = 21). Training was delivered in a half-day workshop format. Participants completed a pre-post […]

Suicide prevention among college students before and during COVID-19 pandemic: Systematic review and meta-analysis protocol

Background: Suicide is the second leading cause of death for college-aged individuals worldwide and in the US. Recent studies have identified preliminary evidence of widening disparities across sex, sexual orientation, race/ethnicity, age, and socioeconomic status among college students. Yet few systematic reviews and meta-analyses are available to offer a comprehensive understanding of on-campus and off-campus […]

Perceived suicide stigma and associated factors in Chinese college students: Translation and validation of the stigma of suicide attempt scale and the stigma of suicide and suicide survivors scale

This study aims to translate and validate two perceived suicide stigma scales, including the Stigma of Suicide Attempt Scale (STOSA) and the Stigma of Suicide and Suicide Survivor Scale (STOSASS) into Chinese language, examining the factor structure, and assessing the correlation between suicide stigma and a series of variables. After translating and back translating the […]