Youth at the intersection of parental incarceration and foster care: Examining prevalence, disparities, and mental health

Background: While there are various pathways by which children experience parental incarceration or foster care, involvement in either system is associated with adverse health outcomes. Despite co-occurring risk factors for parental incarceration and foster care, little is known about the prevalence or characteristics of youth navigating both of these experiences. Objectives: This study details the prevalence of […]

The Cedar Project: Relationship between child apprehension and attempted suicide among young Indigenous mothers impacted by substance use in two Canadian cities

Indigenous leaders are gravely concerned over disproportionate representation of Indigenous children in Canada’s child welfare systems. Forced separation from children is deeply traumatizing for mothers and detrimental to the wellbeing of Indigenous families, communities and Nations. This study examined relationships between child apprehension and suicide attempt within a cohort of young Indigenous women impacted by […]

Examining the association between suicidal behaviors and referral for mental health services among children involved in the child welfare system in Ontario, Canada

Although various studies have investigated factors associated with mental health service utilization, few studies have examined factors associated with referral for mental health services among maltreated children. The objective of this study was to examine the association between suicidal thoughts and self-harming behavior and referral for mental health services among children involved in the Child […]

Mandatory reviews into child deaths: October 1, 2018–March 31, 2019

Between October 1, 2018 and March 31, 2019, the Advocate received notifications of the deaths of 10 young people who passed away. They were identified as children in need of intervention and were receiving child intervention services at the time of their death or within two years of their death, meeting the criteria for mandatory […]

Child maltreatment and repeat presentations to the emergency department for suicide-related behaviors

Objectives To identify factors associated with repeat emergency department (ED) presentations for suicide-related behaviors (SRB) – hereafter referred to as repetition – among children/youth to aid secondary prevention initiatives. To compare rates of repetition in children/youth with substantiated maltreatment requiring removal from their parental home with their peers in the general population. Methods A population-based […]

Suicide attempts and completions among mothers whose children were taken into care by child protection services: A cohort study using linkable administrative data.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine suicide attempts and completions among mothers who had a child taken into care by child protection services (CPS). These mothers were compared with their biological sisters who did not have a child taken into care and with mothers who received services from CPS but did not […]