Suicide trends in Jordan in correlation with the COVID-19 Pandemic: A forensic medicine perspective

Background: This study aimed to examine the suicide trends among Jordanians who died by suicide before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and assess their correlation with demographic data, including gender, age, marital status, and the method used for suicide, from a forensic medicine perspective. Methodology: This was a retrospective, observational, autopsy-based study. […]

Unemployment and underemployment are causes of suicide

Epidemiological studies indicate that labor underutilization and suicide are associated, yet it remains unclear whether this association is causal. We applied convergent cross mapping to test for causal effects of unemployment and underemployment on suicidal behavior, using monthly data on labor underutilization and suicide rates in Australia for the period 2004-2016. Our analyses provide evidence […]

Domestic abuse links to suicide: Rapid review, fieldwork, and quantitative analysis report

The UK police received, on average, over 100 domestic abuse-related calls an hour in 2014/15, which represents 10% of all recorded crime (HMIC, 2015). To date, very little systematic data have been gathered on the relationship between domestic abuse and victim suicide in the UK. In one of the first projects of its kind, the […]

Factors related to childhood suicides: Analysis of the Queensland Child Death Register

Background: Suicide among children under the age of 15 years is a leading cause of death. Aims: The aim of the current study is to identify demographic, psychosocial, and psychiatric factors associated with child suicides. Method: Using external causes of deaths recorded in the Queensland Child Death Register, a case-control study design was applied. Cases were suicides of children (10–14 […]

Indepth interviews with 244 female suicide attempters and their associates in Northern China: Understanding the process and causes of the attempt

Background: Attempted suicide, a deliberate self-directed behavior situated within the unique social world of an individual, is a major risk factor for suicide. Efforts aimed at addressing female suicide must be based on understanding their perceived causes and the meaning of this behavior. Aims: This study describes the perceived causes of suicidal behaviors to determine preventive measures of […]

Is physical pain causally related to suicidal behavior: An experimental test

Existing evidence suggests a link between physical pain and suicide, but the nature of this relationship remains unknown. To address this critical gap in knowledge, the present study leveraged a validated virtual reality (VR) suicide paradigm to experimentally examine the causal effects of physical pain on subsequent virtual suicidal behaviors. Based on previous findings, we […]

Conceptualising the commercial determinants of suicide: Broadening the lens on suicide and self-harm prevention

Suicide is preventable, yet, in many settings, robust suicide prevention strategies have not been implemented. Although a commercial determinants of health lens is increasingly being applied to industries important to the field of suicide prevention, the interplay between the vested interests of commercial actors and suicide has received little attention. There is a need to […]

Mortality among First Nations people, 2006 to 2016

Background First Nations people were reported to have a shorter life expectancy and were more likely than their non-Indigenous counterparts to die prematurely from avoidable causes. Methods Using the 2006 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC), the number and rates of deaths for a 10-year follow-up period for on- and off reserve First Nations […]

Causes and risk factors of suicide among adolescents and youth in India: A review

Suicide is at present 3rd leading cause of death among youth and adolescents worldwide. It is a serious health problem among the youth. This not only result in a direct loss of many young lives but also has many disruptive psychosocial and adverse socioeconomic effects. From the perspective of public mental health suicide among youth […]

Invariance-based causal prediction to identify the direct causes of suicidal behavior

Despite decades of research, the direct causes of suicide remain unknown. Some researchers have proposed that suicide is sufficiently complex that no single variable or set of variables can be determined causal. The invariance-based causal prediction (ICP) is a contemporary data analytic method developed to identify the direct causal relationships, but the method has not […]

Excess suicide attributable to the COVID‑19 pandemic and social disparities in South Korea

The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on suicide remains unclear and might differ according to individuals’ socioeconomic characteristics. We aimed to investigate excess suicide attributable to COVID-19 in South Korea, stratified by the outbreak period and individual characteristics. We obtained daily time-series suicide mortality data for January 2017–December 2020 from the Korea National Statistics Office and […]

Suicide time-series structural change analysis in Portugal (1913-2018): Impact of register bias on suicide trends

Background Suicide is a potentially preventable cause of death. Epidemiology might help to identify death determinants and to monitor prevention strategies. Few studies address secular trends in suicide deaths, and even fewer describe trend-changes in relation to data collection/registration bias. Moreover, suicide is admittedly underreported. It is crucial to validate results in the context of […]

Evidence for underregistration of suicide: Case report

In this case report, we will present two cases in which the Dutch municipal coroner registered a natural death, but treating psychiatrists doubted the validity of this decision on the grounds of clinical data and investigation. For both cases, we present evidence that deaths likely resulted from suicide, raising serious doubts about the accuracy of […]

Suicides and deaths of undetermined intent by poisoning: Reexamination of classification differences by race/ethnicity and state

This study examined differences by race/ethnicity and state in poisoning deaths of undetermined intent (UnD) versus suicide classification and the potential impact of state variations on UnD rates for Blacks and Hispanics. We used data from the 2005-2015 U.S. National Violent Death Reporting System (N = 29,567 aged 15+) and weighted coarsened exact matching. The odds […]

Virtual reality suicide: Development of a translational approach for studying suicide causes

Causal knowledge is crucial for understanding and preventing suicide. Unfortunately, we have little direct knowledge about suicide causes because we cannot conduct experiments that seek to make suicide more likely. In such situations, translational approaches can provide valuable, though tentative, information. We sought to establish a new translational approach by developing a laboratory approximation of […]

Causes of death up to 10 years after admissions to hospitals for self-inflicted, drug-related or alcohol-related, or violent injury during adolescence: A retrospective, nationwide, cohort study.

Emergency hospital admission with adversity-related injury (ie, self-inflicted, drug-related or alcohol-related, or violent injury) affects 4% of 10–19-year-olds. Their risk of death in the decade after hospital discharge is twice as high as that of adolescents admitted to hospitals for accident-related injury. We established how cause of death varied between these groups.

Differing procedures for recording mortality statistics in Scandinavia.

Abstract. Background: There may be various reasons for differences in suicide rates between countries and over time within a country. One reason can be different registration practices. Aims: The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the present procedures for mortality and suicide registration in the three Scandinavian countries and to illustrate potential […]

A comparison of suicide and undetermined deaths by poisoning among women: An analysis of the National Violent Death Reporting System.

The study compared the prevalence of common suicide risk factors between poisoning deaths classified as injuries of undetermined intent or suicides among women. Data were derived from the 2003Ð10 National Violent Death Reporting System. Multiple logistic regression assessed the factors associated with 799 undetermined deaths (relative to 3,233 suicides). Female decedents with lower education, a […]

Suicide and unemployment: A panel analysis of Canadian provinces.

The objective of this study was to investigate the causal relationship between suicide and unemployment. We find that the relationship between unemployment and suicide is context dependent. We do find positive and statistically significant relationships, but only for males in particular provinces. The relationship between unemployment and suicide is not monolithic. Rather, relationships are not […]

Thoughts on suicidal thinking in bipolar disorder.