The association of trends in charcoal-burning suicide with Google search and newspaper reporting in Taiwan: A time series analysis.
Suicide by gases in England and Wales 2001-2011: Evidence of the emergence of new methods of suicide.
Increases in suicide deaths by gassing, particularly carbon monoxide poisoning from burning barbecue charcoal, have occurred in many parts of East Asia and resulted in rises in overall suicide rates in some countries. Recent trends in gas poisoning suicides outside Asia have received little attention. Increases in helium inhalation as a method of suicide have […]
The authors report 3 cases of suicide in Scotland where barbecue charcoal was purposely burned in a confined area. This particular method is not common in Europe & is more widely reported in the Far East. (28 refs.)
Petition: Rulemaking Requested to Prevent Illness and Death Caused by Carbon Monoxide From Motor Vehicle Exhaust
File copy includes a summary of the petition.
This book reviews the research on what has been learned about six specific ways of restricting access to methods of suicide: domestic gas, car exhaust, jumping from bridges & high buildings, jumping in front of trains & subway cars, medications & poisons, & for some countries – not including the United States, firearms.
The effect on method-specific suicide rate & overall suicide rate of restriction on availability of carbon monoxide, barbiturates, & dextropropoxyphene was examined. From 1970-2000, overall suicide mortality & method-specific suicide mortality in Denmark were compared with official information about the availability of barbiturates & analgesics & carbon monoxide in vehicle exhaust & household gas. Restrictions […]
Data on all suicides by motor vehicle exhaust in Victoria between 1998-2002 were analysed to determine whether suicide occurred in vehicles with lower emission levels. During the study period, 607 suicides by this means were recorded while just 393 hospital admissions were recorded for the same period. While the number of suicides was lower in […]
Objective To describe the epidemiological features of poisoning deaths in adolescents in the United States. Design Descriptive analysis of poisoning deaths in persons aged 10 to 19 years in the United States from January 1, 1979, to December 31, 1994, based on national mortality data. Study Population Adolescents whose cause of death was identified as […]
This paper examines the emergence of a new method of suicide in Hong Kong by carbon monoxide poisoning generated by the burning of charcoal. In just 6 years, it has become the second most common means of suicide after jumping from heights. The profile of these charcoal-burning suicide victims is different from that of other […]
In many motorized countries, inhalation of carbon monoxide from motor vehicle exhaust gas (MVEG) has been one of the leading methods of suicide. In some countries it remains so (e.g., Australia 16.0% of suicides in 2005). Relative to other methods it is a planned method and one often used by middle-aged males. The study provides […]
The authors examined the characteristics of suicides by charcoal-burning in Hong Kong, & explored links between macro-level economic & social changes with the subjective experiences of those surviving a charcoal-burning suicide attempt. They found that people who completed suicide by this method were more likely to have been economically active & physically healthy, & were […]
This article briefly reports on a study that found that the toxicity of car exhaust in the USA, as inferred from the accidental death rate from car exhaust, was not related to the use of car exhaust for suicide. (5 refs)
The evolution of the phenomenon of burning charcoal to complete suicide by carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning (an increasingly common method of completing suicide in Hong Kong since 1998), was explored in the current study. It was found that CO poisoning by burning charcoal rose from 0% of all Hong Kong suicides in 1996 & 1997 […]
This review analyzes a body of research conducted by the author & his colleagues between 1983 & 1993 on the effects of limiting access to lethal methods for suicide & homicide. Results provide evidence that limiting access to a preffered method has a preventive effect, more clearly so for suicide than for homicide. However, there […]
From 1950 to 1980 in Japan, estimates of the availability of medicaments, toxic domestic gas & motor vehicle exhaust, & firearms were strongly associated with the suicide rates using those methods. The results of this study suggest that restricting access to lethal methods of suicide may reduce the suicide rate in Japan. (3 refs)
Reports on the decline in trends in admissions for self poisoning between 1977 (when they were at their peak) & 1984 (at which time they were still declining). The authors suggest that a possible explanation for this is the parallel decline in the number of prescriptions for hypnotics & tranquilisers.
Unanticipated Benefits of Automative Emission Control: Reduction in Fatalities by Motor Vehicle Exhaust Gas
This pamphlet asserts that the implementation of strict controls on emissions in motor vehicle exhaust gas in the United States has decreased the number of associated fatal accidents & suicides using this method. The author states that this control of emissions saved approximately 1200 lives that may have been accidentally lost & avoided approximately 1400 […]
This paper describes the epidemiology of carbon monoxide poisoning in Ireland. Carbon monoxide poisoning is responsible for over 40 deaths per year in Ireland. Most intentional poisonings (suicide completions or attempts) are caused by motor vehicle exhaust, representing approximately 6.4% of suicides. The authors suggest that the advent of catalytic converters in cars may lead […]