Suicide risk among individuals diagnosed with cancer in the US, 2000-2016

Importance  Individuals diagnosed with cancer have elevated suicide risks compared with the general population. National estimates of suicide risks among individuals with cancer are lacking in the US, and knowledge about risk factors is limited. Objective  To provide contemporary estimates of suicide risks associated with cancer and to identify sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with suicide risks […]

Association between cannabis use disorder and self- and other-directed aggression

Cannabis is the most widely used drug worldwide. Data about the association of cannabis use with aggression is heterogeneous. The objective of the current study was to assess the nature of the association between cannabis use disorder (CUD) and self-directed, other-directed, and combined aggression. We used data from the National Survey on Drug Use and […]

Oncologists’, nurses’, and social workers’ strategies and barriers to identifying suicide risk in cancer patients

Objective To identify oncologists’, nurses’, and social workers’ strategies and barriers in identifying suicide risk in cancer patients. Methods Sixty-one oncology healthcare professionals (HCPs) at 2 cancer centers were interviewed. We used the grounded theory method (GT) of data collection and analysis. Analysis involved line-by-line coding, and was inductive, with codes and categories emerging from […]

Association of patient-reported outcomes with subsequent nonfatal self-injury after a new cancer diagnosis

Objective: To examine the associations between patient-reported outcome measures and subsequent NFSI in patients with cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based matched case-control study included adults with a new cancer diagnosis reporting an Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) score within 36 months of diagnosis in Ontario, Canada, 2007 to 2019. Data analysis was performed […]

Cause of death among patients with thyroid cancer: A population-based study

Background: Over the last decades, the number of patients diagnosed with thyroid carcinoma has been increasing, highlighting the importance of comprehensively evaluating causes of death among these patients. This study aimed to comprehensively characterize the risk of death and causes of death in patients with thyroid carcinoma. Methods: A total of 183,641 patients diagnosed with an index […]

Suicide risk and mortality among patients with cancer

Despite substantial progress in cancer therapy in recent decades, patients with cancer remain at high suicide risk. Data from individual studies have not been comprehensively quantified and specific risk factors are ill-defined. We assessed suicide mortality risk according to cancer prognosis, stage, time since diagnosis, gender, ethnicity, marital status, year of recruitment and geographic region. […]

Mental disorders and suicide risk among cancer patients: A nationwide cohort study

Although cancer patients are known to experience mental disorders and face suicide risk, little is known about the relationship between mental illness and death by suicide in this group. As such, this study aims to examine the association between mental disorders and suicide risk among cancer patients. We used nationally representative cohort data, and included […]

Cumulative burden of psychiatric disorders and self-harm across 26 adult cancers

Cancer is a life-altering event causing considerable psychological distress. However, information on the total burden of psychiatric disorders across all common adult cancers and therapy exposures has remained scarce. Here, we estimated the risk of self-harm after incident psychiatric disorder diagnosis in patients with cancer and the risk of unnatural deaths after self-harm in 459,542 […]

Psychological distress as a risk factor for all‑cause, chronic disease‑ and suicide‑specifc mortality: A prospective analysis using data from the National Health Interview Survey

Purpose: The risk psychological distress (PD) confers on mortality due to specific chronic diseases compared to suicide is unclear. Using the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), we investigated the association between PD levels and risk of all-cause and chronic disease-specific mortality and compared the contribution of chronic disease-related mortality to that of suicide. Methods: Data from 195, […]

Suicide risk screening and suicide prevention in patients with cancer

Background: Suicide rates are up to 4 times greater in cancer compared with the general population, yet best practices for institutional suicide prevention are unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the association between suicide risk screening (SRS), clinician response, and suicide mortality at a comprehensive cancer treatment center. Methods: We conducted a […]

Analysis of suicide after cancer diagnosis by US county-level income and rural vs urban designation, 2000-2016

Objective  To examine whether the risks and patterns of suicide mortality among people with a cancer diagnosis differ by US county-level median income and rural or urban status. Design, Setting, and Participants  A retrospective, population-based cohort study following up individuals who were diagnosed with cancer between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2016, was conducted. The Surveillance, […]

Psychological distress as a risk factor for all-cause, chronic disease- and suicide-specific mortality: A prospective analysis using data from the National Health Interview Survey

Purpose The risk psychological distress (PD) confers on mortality due to specifc chronic diseases compared to suicide is unclear. Using the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), we investigated the association between PD levels and risk of all-cause and chronic disease-specifc mortality and compared the contribution of chronic disease-related mortality to that of suicide. Methods Data […]

Incidence and risk of suicide among patients with head and neck cancer in rural, urban, and metropolitan areas

Objective  To evaluate whether the risk of suicide among patients with HNC differs by rural vs urban or metropolitan residence status. Design, Setting, and Participants  This cross-sectional study uses data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database on patients aged 18 to 74 years who received a diagnosis of HNC from January 1, 2000, to December […]

Incidence of suicide mortality among childhood cancer survivors: A population-based retrospective study

The aim of our study was to investigate the suicide rates among childhood cancer survivors and assess factors associated with higher suicide risk. A review of data from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program from 1975 to 2016 was performed for this study. This program is based on the US population and is supported […]

The intersectionality of gender and poverty on symptom suffering among adolescents with cancer

Background: To determine if the intersectionality of gender and poverty is associated with health disparities among adolescents with cancer.We hypothesized unobserved latent classes of patients existwith respect to cancer-related symptoms; and class classification varies by gender–poverty combinations. Procedure: Cross-sectional data were collected among adolescents with cancer and families (N = 126 dyads) at four tertiary […]

Suicide risk screening and suicide prevention in patients with cancer

Background Suicide rates are up to four times greater in cancer compared to the general population, yet best practices for institutional suicide prevention are unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the association between suicide risk screening (SRS), clinician response, and suicide mortality at a comprehensive cancer treatment centre. Methods We conducted a […]

Suicidal ideation and behaviors in oncology patients

Patients with cancer are at increased risk for both suicidal ideation and completed suicide due to a combination of biological and psychological factors that must be addressed to increase quality of life. More research is needed to determine the best methods of screening, evaluation, and treatment for suicidal thoughts and actions in this population. – […]

Cancer diagnosis and suicide mortality: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Cancer is one of the most common diseases and suicide is one of the causes of cancer patients’ mortality. However, the suicide mortality rate in cancer patients has not been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and a meta-analysis of suicide mortality risk in cancer patients. The authors […]

Prevalence and risk factors for suicidality in cancer patients and oncology healthcare professionals strategies in identifying suicide risk in cancer patients

Purpose of review: The aim of this study was to summarize the literature on prevalence and risk factors for suicidality in cancer patients and to document the research on oncology healthcare professionals’ strategies in identifying this risk. Recent findings: Cancer patients exhibit increased risk of suicidality compared with the general population. Various risk factors have been identified […]

The effect and mechanism of adverse childhood experience on suicide ideation in young cancer patients during Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic

Background and Aim: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is currently prevalent worldwide. This research aimed to explore the effect of adverse childhood experience (ACE) on suicide ideation in young cancer patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Self-reported questionnaires analyzed the mediating effects of sleep quality, anxiety symptoms, and inflammatory conditions between ACE and suicide ideation. Materials and Methods: A […]

Incidence of and sociological risk factors for suicide death in patients with leukemia: A population-based study

Objectives: Suicide is closely related to sociological factors, but sociological analyses of suicide risk in leukemia are lacking. This study is the first to use the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) database to analyze sociological risk factors for suicide death in leukemia patients. Methods: A retrospective search of the SEER database was conducted. Logistic regression […]

Association of brain cancer with risk of suicide

It was estimated that there would be 23 820 new cases of central nervous system tumors in the US in 2019, along with 17 760 deaths. In our previous work, we found that compared with the general population, suicide rates within the first year of cancer diagnosis are significantly higher, particularly in cancers with poor […]

Suicide risk after cancer diagnosis among older adults: A nationwide retrospective cohort study

Objectives Cancer increases suicide risk, but little is known about associations between cancer and suicide among older adults. We aimed to investigate suicide risk within 1 year after cancer diagnosis in older adults. Methods Using National Health Insurance Service-Senior Cohort data, we included newly diagnosed older patients with cancer and older adults without cancer, selected by […]