Provincial correctional workers: Examining the relationship between alcohol use, mental health disorders, and suicide behaviour

Alcohol use among correctional workers remains an understudied phenomenon, although recognized in literature as a coping strategy employed by persons in public safety occupations. Moreover, previous literature denotes a prevalence of mental health disorders higher  than that of the general population among correctional workers and public safety personnel. In the present study, we examine the […]

Tackling the increasing public health impact of firearms: A call to action

The incidence of gun violence in Canada has been increasing with an 81% rise in violent offenses involving guns since 2009. One in three homicides now firearm related. 1The issue extends beyond what is publicized in the news with the RCMP reporting 80% of firearm deaths in Canada being attributed to suicide. 2 Consider the […]

Understanding the mental health of Canadians through COVID-19 and beyond: Poll #17

Poll 17 indicates that financial stressors are having an alarming impact on the mental health of struggling Canadians. The data demonstrates that financial concerns remain a major factor in negative mental health among Canadians, as well as the following major findings: 39% of respondents feel economic issues are impacting their mental health. Suicide ideation among […]

Suicidality and protective factors among sexual and gender minority youth and adults in Canada: A cross‑sectional, population‑based study

Background Sexual and gender minority populations experience elevated risks for suicidality. This study aimed to assess prevalence and disparities in non-fatal suicidality and potential protective factors related to social support and health care access among sexual and gender minority youth and adults and their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts in Canada. The second objective was to […]

After the war: Surviving PTSD and changing mental health culture

After serving in Rwanda during the 1994 genocide and civil war, Lieutenant Colonel Stéphane Grenier returned to Canada haunted by his experiences. Facing post-traumatic stress disorder and an archaic establishment, he spent ten years confronting-and changing-the military mental health system from within. Coining the term “Operational Stress Injury” to allow the military to see mental […]

Mental health and substance use during COVID-19 final summary report: Regional spotlight and key characteristics

The Mental Health Commission of Canada and the Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction tracked the relationship between mental health and substance use through a series of polls between October 2020 and March 2022. This final report looks at regional variations among different populations across 10 waves of data during this period. Results include […]

Toward an integrated and comprehensive equity framework for mental health policy and programming: Needs assessment report

Profound and unacceptable inequities in access and mental health outcomes persist in Canada. In response, social justice movements have created a range of distinct but complementary frameworks, including sex and gender-based analysis plus (SGBA+), health equity, intersectionality, anti-racism, decolonization, and mental health recovery. Yet the sheer number of frameworks has created challenges for implementing policy […]

Roots of hope: Reflecting on our journey

Roots of Hope is a made-in-Canada approach that reflects the MHCC’s value proposition: fostering mental health and wellness by enabling communities to design and implement their own solutions — while facilitating the exchange best practices and lessons learned. As it branches out into more communities and establishes new and growing networks, the project will no […]

Integrated youth services in Canada: A portrait

This report is a portrait of Integrated Youth Services (IYS) as they currently exist in Canada. Commissioned by the Bell-Graham Boeckh Foundation Partnership, it describes IYS as a system of care transforming youth mental health services in Canada and internationally. The report outlines the foundational principles and core components of IYS, its evolution and related […]

Doing what works: Rethinking the Federal Framework for Suicide Prevention. Report of the STanding Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology

Ten years have passed since the idea of a federal framework for suicide prevention was realized through the adoption of the Federal Framework for Suicide Prevention Act. This Act required the Government of Canada to develop such a framework—an obligation that was fulfilled in 2016  with the release of the Federal Framework for Suicide Prevention […]

Self-perceived mental health and mental health care needs during the COVID-19 pandemic

Throughout the pandemic, various public health measures have been implemented across the country, impacting employment, schooling, family relationships and leisure. For some individuals, these measures, in  combination with fears associated with the risks stemming from COVID-19, have contributed to feelings of greater stress, anxiety and loneliness, which in turn, may have an impact on overall […]

Rural perspectives on suicide prevention in Canada

Rural residence has been identified as a risk factor for suicide, especially for men. Little qualitative research exists on rural suicide, which might help deepen understandings of prevention strategies within rural places. Therefore, virtual focus groups  were held across six Canadian provinces to give voice to rural community members and service workers about suicide prevention. […]

Decolonizing education: Nourishing the learning spirit

Drawing on treaties, international law, the work of other Indigenous scholars, and especially personal experiences, Marie Battiste documents the nature of Eurocentric models of education, and their devastating impacts on Indigenous knowledge. Chronicling the negative consequences of forced assimilation, racism inherent to colonial systems of education, and the failure of current educational policies for Aboriginal […]

Suicidality in rural communities: A scoping review of research in Canada

A scoping review of research about suicidality in rural and remote Canadian communities, published between 2009 and July 2020 was conducted by searching Embase, Medline, CINAHL, PsychInfo, SocIndex, Geobase, and PsycArticles databases. Included articles were reviewed and charted using data extraction. Thirty-nine Canadian, non-Indigenous articles met inclusion. Most publications were based on quantitative research (23). […]

Death by suicide among Canadian medical students: A national survey-based study

Objective: To estimate a rate of death by suicide in the Canadian medical student population and examine the prevalence of institutional response policies for suicide. Methods: A survey was sent to all 17 Canadian medical undergraduate programs (MDUPs) to collect information on deaths by suicide over the past 10 years. In the case of a reported suicide, […]

CMA National Physician Health Survey: A national snapshot

How many physicians report burnout or screen positive for depression? The 2018 report on the CMA National Physician Health Survey provides valuable baseline data on a range of wellness indicators for physicians and residents in Canada, providing breakdowns by gender, years of practice, and urban/rural.

Fifth Independent Review Committee on non-natural deaths in custody: April 1st, 2017 to March 31st, 2019

There is a significant history surrounding non-natural deaths in Correctional Service Canada (CSC) institutions and CSC’s responses to the recommendations of investigations into the circumstances of these deaths. The Correctional Investigator in his 2005-06 Annual Report raised concerns regarding the timely completion of meaningful investigation reports and action plans developed by CSC to address the […]

Demographic and clinical presentations of youth using enhanced mental health services in six Indigenous communities form the ACCESS Open Minds Network

Objective In many Indigenous communities, youth mental health services are inadequate. Six Indigenous communities participating in the ACCESS Open Minds (AOM) network implemented strategies to transform their youth mental health services. This report documents the demographic and clinical presentations of youth accessing AOM services at these Indigenous sites. Methods Four First Nations and two Inuit […]

Measuring substance-related disorders using Canadian administrative health databanks: Interprovincial comparisons of recorded diagnostic rates, incidence proportions and mortality rate ratios

Objective To report the annual and cumulative recorded diagnostic rates and incidence proportions of SRD, as well as mortality rate ratios (MRRs) by cause of death among this group in Canada, according to their province of residence. Methods Analyses were performed on linked administrative health databases (AHD; physician claims, hospitalizations, and vital statistics) in five […]

Development and evaluation of culturally adapted CBT to improve community mental health services for Canadians of South Asian origin: Final report 2023

People of South Asian descent living in Canada are impacted by various social determinants of health that can negatively influence their mental health and may decrease their access to care. South Asians in Canada with major  depression are also 85 per cent less likely to seek treatment than other Canadians who experience the same illness.5 […]

Medical assistance in dying in Canada: Choices for Canadians (Report of the Special Joint Committee on Medical Assistance in Dying)

Access for MAID MD-SUMC was to be permitted as of March 2023. Applying for MAID MD-SUMC would also be under track two. As mentioned above, the committee released an interim report on mental disorder in June 2022 that discusses issues related to MAID MD-SUMC. The committee heard concerns that more time was needed to make […]

Suicidal ideation, planning, and attempts among new Royal Canadian Mounted Police cadets

Background Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) report diverse occupational stressors and repeated exposures to potentially psychologically traumatic events, which may increase the odds of screening positive for a mental disorder, and increase the risk of death by suicide. The current study was designed to provide prevalence information regarding suicidal behaviours (i.e., ideation, planning, attempts) and […]

Daily changes in ambient air pollution concentrations and temperature and suicide mortality in Canada: Findings from a national time-stratified case-crossover study

Introduction Worldwide, approximately 1900 people die by suicide daily. Daily elevations in air pollution and temperature have previously been linked to a higher risk of death from suicide. To date, there have been relatively few studies of air pollution and suicide, particularly at a national level. National analyses play an important role in shaping health […]