Le suicide au Québec : 1981 à 2019: Mise à jour 2022

According to data for 2019, 1,128 people took their own lives in Quebec. That’s a crude suicide rate of 13.3 per 100,000 people. The suicide rate appears to be plateauing after declining for several years. In Quebec, suicide represents 1.7% of all deaths for the years 2017-2019. It is the 7th leading cause of death […]

Decrease in suicide rates: A brief look at four strategies [Infographic]

Suicide prevention efforts are producing results, but with three deaths per day by suicide, it is still inappropriate to speak in terms of success.

Health measures of Eeyouch (Cree) who are eligible to participate in the on-the-land Income Security Program in Eeyou Istchee (northern Quebec, Canada)

Background Participation in on-the-land programs that encourage traditional cultural activities may improve health and well-being. The Income Security Program (ISP) − a financial incentive-based on-the-land program − for Eeyouch (Cree) hunters and trappers in Eeyou Istchee was created as a result of the 1975 James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement to help mitigate the effects of hydroelectric development on the Cree […]

Being prepared to act in the event of a suicide: Postvention program

This new postvention program is built on the community’s ability to respond to post-suicide difficulties, with a view to conveying a sense of security and competence in light of the situation. Though designed primarily for youth, the program is not youth-specific. It can be adapted to various environments: the secondary and postsecondary education systems, workplaces, […]

Determinants of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt among former and currently homeless individuals

Purposes This study identified determinants associated with suicidal ideation, suicide attempt and no suicidal behavior in a 12-month period among 455 former or currently homeless individuals in Quebec (Canada). Methods Study recruitment took place in 27 organizations located in two major Quebec urban areas, where services for homelessness are offered. Independent variables including clinical, socio-demographic, […]

Ideal and actual involvement of community pharmacists in health promotion and prevention: A cross-sectional study in Quebec, Canada

Background An increased interest is observed in broadening community pharmacists’ role in public health. To date, little information has been gathered in Canada on community pharmacists’ perceptions of their role in health promotion and prevention; however, such data are essential to the development of public-health programs in community pharmacy. A cross-sectional study was therefore conducted […]

Problematizing men’s suicide, mental health, and well-being: 20 years of social work innovation in the province of Quebec, Canada

Background: The Province of Quebec, Canada (PQ), witnessed a drastic rise in suicide among adult men between 1990 and 2000, followed by a continuous drop since then. At the end of the 1990s, men’s suicide became recognized as a social issue, leading to implementation of gender-responsive strategies focusing on positive aspects of masculinity. Many of […]

Communities being well for family well-being: Exploring the socio-ecological determinants of well-being in an Inuit community of Northern Quebec.

Inuit communities of Canada experience many disparities in health and psychosocial context. Research in community psychology has shown associations between such socio-ecological factors and individual well-being. The objective of the study was to explore how community-level determinants of well-being influence family well-being in a northern community of Nunavik, Quebec. A total of 14 participants were […]

10 essential and effective measures: Plea for suicide prevention in Quebec.

In keeping with its mission to raise the public’s and decision-makers’ awareness about suicide, to promote the emergence of a socio-political context conducive to suicide prevention and to support resources dedicated to suicide prevention, the Association québécoise de prévention du suicide (AQPS) addresses the following plea to all Quebeckers: change is possible—and it is both essential and […]

Partners for life, an effect mental health literacy program: Analysis and recommendations.

Partners for Life (PFL) is a health literacy program designed to enable Québec’s senior high school students aged 14 to 18 develop their personal and social skills, and to help them and the adults in their lives understand the importance of recognizing the signs of depression, a major risk factor for suicide, and to seek […]

Service use and unmet needs in youth suicide: A study of trajectories.

Objective: While 90% of suicide victims have suffered from mental health disorders, less than one-half are in contact with a mental health professional in the year preceding their death. Service use in the last year of life of young suicide victims and control subjects was studied in Quebec. We wanted to determine what kinds of […]

Comparison of the effects of telephone suicide prevention help by volunteers and professional paid staff: Results from studies in the USA and Quebec, Canada.

Research since the 1960s has consistently found that lay volunteers are better at helping suicidal callers than professionals. Yet, professional degrees are increasingly becoming requirements for helpline workers. In our first study, we conducted post hoc comparisons of U.S. helplines with all professional paid staff, all lay volunteers, and a mix of both, using silent […]

Implementation of the Quebec mental health reform (2005-2015).

BACKGROUND: This study evaluates implementation of the Quebec Mental Health (MH) Reform (2005-2015) which aimed to improve accessibility, quality and continuity of care by developing primary care and optimizing integrated service networks. Implementation of MH primary care teams, clinical strategies for consolidating primary care, integration strategies to improve collaboration between primary care and specialized services, […]

Factors associated with suicide in the month following contact with different types of health services in Quebec.

Ensuring follow-up care after an emergency department visit or hospitalization may be associated with a longer period between discharge and suicide, allowing for more time to intervene and, possibly, prevent suicide. Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at http://ps.psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/appi.ps.201400133

Aboriginal youth suicide in Quebec: the contribution of public policy for prevention.

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Honouring my teachers from the north.

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The hidden face of suicide.

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Association of Polyaminergic Loci With Anxiety, Mood Disorders, and Attempted Suicide

The authors genotyped 63 polymorphisms, across 4 polyaminergic genes, in 1255 French-Canadian individuals, followed longitudinally for 22 years. Univariate associations with anxiety, mood disorders, & attempted suicide as assessed in early adulthood were examined. The involvement of gene-environment interactons in terms of childhood abuse were investigated & internalizing & externalizing symptoms as endophenotypes mediating these […]

Schizophrenia, an illness with bad outcomes: myth or reality?

OBJECTIVE: Different myths about schizophrenia endorsed by clinicians maintain the pessimism about outcome thus reducing chances of improvement. There are no recent North American studies on the long-term outcome of first-episode schizophrenia to clarify if these beliefs are myths or reality. Our study describes the long-term outcome (10 to 16 years) of a first-episode schizophrenia […]

Alcohol and Other Contextual Factors of Suicide in Four Aboriginal Communities of Quebec, Canada

This paper describes the psychosocial & behavioural characteristics of 30 consecutive adult suicides from 4 First Nations communities in Quebec. Psychological autopsies were done with family members. Suicide among this group was overrepresented by young single men. Alcohol intoxication at the time of death was reported for 22 cases in association with rapid acting out […]

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Youth Suicide Victims: an Exploratory Study

55 child & adolescent suicide victims & 55 community controls in Quebec were assessed using semi-structured, proxy-based interviews & questionnaires regarding sexual orientation & gender issues, psychopathological diagnoses, & service use. No significant differences between the 2 groups were found regarding same-sex sexual orientation nor intimidation related to same-sex sexual orientation. Suicide victims with same-sex […]

Altered Expression of Lipid Metabolism and Immune Response Genes in the Frontal Cortex of Suicide Completers

Large-scale microarray gene expression analysis using the Affymetrix HG-U133 chipset was performed. The investigation focused on the expression profile of genes related to lipid metabolism & immune response in post-mortem brains from 22 male suicide victims & 13 male comparison subjects. Fatty acid desaturase, leptin receptor, phosphoinositide-3-kinase, & stearoyl-CoA desaturase were consistently down-regulated in all […]

Filicide: a Comparison by sex and Presence or Absence of Self-Destructive Behavior

This study identified sociodemographic, contextual, situational, & individual variables, as well as certain behavioural warning signs, associated with filicide as a function of sex of the aggressors & the presence or absence of self-destructive behaviours. The data included all cases of filicide in Quebec from January 1986-March 1994 against youth under the age of 18. […]