Association between cannabis use disorder and self- and other-directed aggression

Cannabis is the most widely used drug worldwide. Data about the association of cannabis use with aggression is heterogeneous. The objective of the current study was to assess the nature of the association between cannabis use disorder (CUD) and self-directed, other-directed, and combined aggression. We used data from the National Survey on Drug Use and […]

Impaired Repression at a 5-Hydroxytryptamine 1A Receptor Gene Polymorphism Associated With Major Depression and Suicide

Inhibition of serotonergic raphe neurons is mediated by somatodendritic 5-HT1A autoreceptors, which may be increased in depressed patients. The authors report an association of the C(-1019)G 5-HT1A promoter polymorphism with major depression & suicide in separate cohorts. (64 refs)

Association Between Suicidal Ideation/Attempts, Risk-Taking Behaviours, and Psychological Maladjustment in Homeless Adolescent Males

The theme of this Conference was “Injuries, Suicide & Violence: Building Knowledge, Policies & Practices to Promote a Safer World”

Factors in the Psychological Adjustment of Homeless Adolescent Males: the Role of Coping Style

This cross-sectional study explored differences in & the association of self-reported coping style, negative life events, self-esteem, & perceived social support with the psychological adjustment of homeless & nonhomeless adolescent males. Data were collected from 100 youths accessing an emergency shelter & 2 comparison groups of nonhomeless youths. Homeless youths reported a higher prevalence of […]

Ottawa Suicide Prevention Strategy, 2002-2007

This manuscript presents a five-year local strategy developed by the Ottawa Suicide Prevention Coalition to promote the importance of continued activities needed to prevent death by suicide in the Ottawa area. Strategies for promoting awareness, suicide prevention, intervention & postvention are included. Contributing factors to suicide & information about suicide in Ottawa are cited. (SC)

Common Pathways: Addressing Suicide and Other Health/Social Problems Objective

This manual summarizes several Common Pathways meetings. Their goal is to reduce suicidal behavior by consolidating the different strengths of diverse organizations across Canada. Resilience/risk with respect to approaches for treating or preventing suicidal behavior was discussed. Mortality databases, the collection of suicide-related data, & possible partners are also discussed. Enlisting the aid of health […]

Identifying Depressed and Suicidal Adolescents in a Teen Health Clinic

104 adolescents completed the Beck Depression Inventory & the Suicide Probability Scale prior to being seen by a physician at an adolescent health clinic & were categorized according to presenting problem. 59% of the sample were depressed (21% fell within the severe range) & almost 23% of the sample demonstrated significant suicidal probability. Scores on […]

Lesbian and gay Youth in Ottawa: the Importance of Community

From June 23-August 23, 1991, Pink Triangle Services conducted a needs survey of 129 gay, lesbian & bisexual Ottawa youths. Two-thirds of respondents had contemplated suicide to the extent of developing a plan; 41% of those with a plan had made an attempt. Suicidal behaviour was significantly correlated with age, exposure to violence, drug use […]

Suicide: a Media Resource Book

This resource book is intended to provide information to help journalists report on or research the issue of suicide. Statistical information on the rate of suicide in the Ottawa-Carleton region is provided. General facts about suicide & terms & definitions are discussed. Some sugestions for reporting on suicide are made. A short reading list is […]

Suicide Prevention: Manual for Trainers

This manual is a compilation of instructional aids & content information that have been successfully used to teach suicide awareness sessions. It contains basic guidelines that apply to all sessions & a selection of questionnaires, overheads, handouts & discussion starters. Guidelines for either a 1-hour or 3-hour presentation are included. Emphasis is placed on the […]

Suicide Prevention: Directory of Services

This Directory was designed to make commonly requested suicide prevention information in the Ottawa-Carleton area readily accessible. Over 200 community agencies were surveyed about the services they provided to people at risk of suicide. Over 140 responses were received. Services are grouped into 3 categories: 24-hour crisis intervention services; counselling services; & support services.

Suicide Prevention: Guidelines for Agency Management and Personnel

These client service guidelines have been designed to assist those agencies who do not consider suicide intervention to be in their area of expertise, but who occasionally or frequently encounter degrees of suicidality in their clients. Information is presented on different types of suicidal behaviours, suicide intervention & risk assessment, & postvention. A short list […]

Regional Interagency Suicide Prevention Program

This pamphlet, in French & English, gives brief information on the incidence of suicide in the Ottawa-Carleton region (in 1989, the rate was 13.3/100,000) & reasons why people commit suicide. The majority of the pamphlet discusses the Regional Interagency Suicide Prevention Program (RISP) – its history, organizational structure & publications.

Childhood Gunshot Injuries in the Ottawa Area

To determine the incidence of non-fatal firearm injuries in the Ottawa area, the charts of all children admitted to the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario for firearm injuries in the last 15 years were reviewed. A total of 18 cases were identified – 13 of the gunshot injuries were unintentional. 2 injuries resulted from suicide […]

“Distress Center – May I Help You?”

At the Ottawa Distress Center, volunteers stand by to help telephone callers who are in need of reassurance, companionship, or simply a sympathetic ear. This type of service is providing valuable assistance to hundreds of depressed patients.

Comparison of In & Out-Patient Suicides

This study is a retrospective analysis of all in- & out-patient suicides associated with the Royal Ottawa Hospital since it became a psychiatric facility (1969-1983). Inpatient suicides totalled 19 (78/100,000); outpatients suicides 93 (228/100,000). Inpatients had a 5-time risk of suicide & outpatients a 15-time risk when compared to the national average of 15/100/000. Single, […]

Quality of Life and Treatment Decisions: the Canadian law Reform Report

Some Sequelae of Stress in Physicians

The author treated about 300 doctors and their spouses for stress for the past 22 years. Studies show that doctors who arrived at medical school with the least stable childhoods and adolescence were the most likely to have problems. These problems came from excessive needs to be needed, valued, appreciated, loved and accepted. Patterns of […]

Social Costs of Youth Unemployment

Fatalities in 2,070 Psychiatric Outpatients: Preventive Features

During a 3 year period 28 fatalities, twice the rate in the general population, were found in a sample of 2,070 psychiatric outpatients. Death occurred in these psychiatric patients approximately 20 years earlier than expected. All 3 modalities of death: accidents, suicide, & natural causes, were higher that in the population at large. 3 suicides […]

Therapeutic Abortion and Psychiatric Disturbance in Canadian Women

188 women who had had legal abortions were interviewed approximately 3 months following the abortion: 88% had neither sought psychiatric help nor attempted suicide, or had they been hospitalized for a psychiatric disorder. The authors cite previous psychiatric disorder, problems with the man involved, family or financial difficulties as more significant than the act of […]

Attempted Suicide Among the Aged

Although the rate for suicide in old age is high, the rate for attempted (unsuccessful) suicide is low. Among the elderly, suicide-attempt groups have more physical disorders, more psychoses, & more psychopathologic findings & are under-represented demographically. 50% of the elderly suicide attempters have organic brain syndrome (OBS) compared to only 5-10% of the “normal” […]

Community Psychiatry and the Elderly