Too Many People: Contact, Disorder, Change in an Inuit Society, 1822–2015 examines the history of contact between the outside world and a group of Inuit, the Iglulingmiut, living in Canada’s Eastern Arctic. The nature of these encounters and their impact is described and analyzed from 1822 to 2015. Seeking to understand how order was brought […]
Cannabis is the most widely used drug worldwide. Data about the association of cannabis use with aggression is heterogeneous. The objective of the current study was to assess the nature of the association between cannabis use disorder (CUD) and self-directed, other-directed, and combined aggression. We used data from the National Survey on Drug Use and […]
Unikkaartuit: Meanings of well-being, unhappiness, health, and community change among Inuit in Nunavut, Canada
Suicide among young Inuit in the Canadian Arctic is at an epidemic level. In order to understand the distress and well-being experienced in Inuit communities, a first step in understanding collective suicide, this qualitative study was designed. Fifty Inuit were interviewed in two Inuit communities in Nunavut, Canada, and questionnaires asking the same questions were […]
This article reports results of the life trajectories from 92 Inuit who died by suicide, matched for age and gender with 92 living-controls. A proxy-based procedure and semi-structured interviews with informants were conducted to obtain trajectories of developmental events occurring over the life course for suicide and community-matched controls. Results from this research indicate two […]
Based on a true story, The Grizzlies is about the determination and resilience of a group of Inuit youth in a small Arctic community. In 1998, first-time teacher Russ Sheppard (Ben Schnetzer) moves north for a job at a local school in Kugluktuk, a town struggling with one of the highest suicide rates in North America. With […]
Bitter cold and constant snow. Polar bears, seals, and killer whales. Victor Frankenstein chasing his monstrous creation across icy terrain in a dogsled. The arctic calls to mind a myriad different images. Consisting of the Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, the United States, Russia, Greenland, Finland, Norway and Sweden, the arctic possesses a unique […]
The Nunavut Suicide Prevention Strategy1 (the Strategy) was published in 2010, based on extensive research and collaboration with diverse stakeholders across Nunavut. The Strategy provides an overall approach to suicide prevention in Nunavut. It supports us to develop evidence-based action plans that respond to changing needs and opportunities. Each action plan sets out specific goals and […]
The National Inuit Suicide Prevention Strategy (NISPS) sets out a series of actions and interventions to address the high number of deaths by suicide among Inuit. The Strategy promotes a shared understanding of the context and underlying risk factors for suicide in Inuit communities and guides policy at the regional and national levels on evidence-based […]
Suicide among Inuit: Results from a large, epidemiologically representative follow-back study in Nunavut.
We report on the first large-scale, controlled, epidemiologically representative study of deaths by suicide in an Indigenous population, which investigates risk factors for suicide among all Inuit across Nunavut who died by suicide during a 4-year period.We identified all suicides by Inuit (n = 120) that occurred between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2006, […]
“The weight on our shoulders is too much, and we are falling”: Suicide among Inuit male youth in Nunavut, Canada.
Inuit youth suicide is at an epidemic level in the circumpolar north. Rapid culture change has left Inuit in a state of coloniality that destabilized their kin-based social organization, and in spite of advances in self-governance social problems such as suicide continue. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork I carried out in Nunavut, Canada (2004Ð2005), including 27 […]
Caller characteristics, call contents, and types of assistance provided by caller sex and age group in a Canadian Inuit crisis line in Nunavut, 1991-2001.
Analysis of calls made to a northern Canadian Inuit crisis line in the territory of Nunavut between 1991 and 2001 revealed that the majority of users were adult females who called to discuss problems primarily related to relationships and loneliness/boredom. Younger callers tended to make prank calls. The volunteer staff used mostly empathetic listening and […]
Suicide is a global issue. Countries around the world are affected by suicide, and many are implementing national suicide prevention strategies to curb this issue. The World Health Organization estimates that there are almost 1 million deaths by suicide in the world, per year. Nowhere is this problem as striking and extreme as in certain […]
Indigenous youth suicide incidence is high globally, and mostly involves young males. However, the Inuit of Arctic Canada have a suicide rate that is among the highest in the world (and ten times that for the rest of Canada). The author suggests that suicide increase has emerged because of changes stemming in part from the […]
The Government of Nunavut, Nunavut Tunngavik Inc., the Embrace Life Council, & the Royal Canadian Mounted Police formed a partnership to develop a suicide prevention strategy for Nunavut. The strategy begins with the Partner’s vision for a healthier Nunavut. It then examines the current situation, & the historical & present-day factors that underlie & perpetuate […]
Towards the Development of a Nunavut Suicide Prevention Strategy: a Summary Report on the 2009 Community Consultations
To ensure that all perspectives on suicide were considered, the Working Group for a Nunavut Suicide Prevention Strategy organized a wide-ranging consultation in the summer of 2009. A total of 54 consultations were held; 251 people shared their views. This report describes what the participants said, dividing their comments into 2 groups: general comments on […]
This seminar was the second gathering of suicide prevention professionals working in Arctic regions. The seminar examined what is working in suicide prevention & what makes it works – as well as generating attention to the importance of mental & physical well-being in the Arctic. This report has 7 sections: background; understanding the problem; best […]
Qaujijausimajuni Tunngaviqarniq: Using Knowledge and Experience as a Foundation for Action. A Discussion Paper on Suicide Prevention in Nunavut
This report summarizes an Inuit youth engagement conference. The youth discussed what they could do from a strengths-based focus to reduce suicide & meet the needs of youth in Nunavut communities. One of the main purposes of the conference was to focus on the importance of storytelling as a key part of Inuit culture. Elders […]
Information collected from the crisis lines & the toll-free AIDS Information line operated by the Nunavut Kamatsiaqtut Help Line was analyzed to assess the demographics of its users, the pattern of use & services delivered by the lines, & the association between the pattern of use of its local lines with the lunar phase & […]