Suicide, a public health problem in Brazil (IN: Suicide, edited by R.W. Motta)

This text focuses on the situation of suicide in Brazil, defines and quantifies information, and presents a description of the main risk factors, as well as a reflection on the phenomenon and the possibilities for prevention. Fatal suicide is a serious public health problem. In 2012, 172 member states of the World Health Organization registered […]

A 10-year ecological study of the methods of suicide used by Brazilian adolescents

Suicide among adolescents has become a major public health problem worldwide. Our study sought to describe the most commonly used methods of suicide among adolescents aged 10 to 19 years in Brazil between 2006 and 2015. Complete data were obtained from the Brazilian Health Informatics Department (DATASUS) and coded into seven categories of suicide methods. […]

Suicide attempt, post-traumatic stress disorder and associated factors in women of Recife

Objective: To investigate the association of suicide attempt (SA) with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD), Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and variables related to socioeconomic and demographic aspects in a cohort of women enrolled in the Family Health Strategy in Recife. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out, nested in a prospective cohort study with 644 women […]

The influence of parental psychopathology on offspring suicidal behavior across the lifespan.

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Validation of the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale(EPDS)for screening of major depressive episode among adults from the general population.

Standardized questionnaires designed for the identification of depression are useful for monitoring individual as well as population mental health. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) has originally been developed to assist primary care health professionals to detect postnatal depression, but several authors recommend its use outside of the postpartum period. In Brazil, the use of […]

Suicide prevention training for professionals in the public health network in a large Brazilian city.

The objective of this study was to improve health professionalsÕ knowledge and attitudes toward suicide prevention. A suicide prevention training of 18 hours duration was conducted with 270 health professionals, mainly primary care workers, who were routinely involved with patients at high risk for suicide. Questionnaires were used to assess changes in attitudes and knowledge. […]

Suicide Attempts and Substance use in an Emergency Room Sample

This article describes suicide attempters seen in an emergency room in Sao Paulo, Brazil, & their acute substance consumption or dependence. A non-structured psychiatric interview was used with a sample of 80 patients, mean age 26.9 years. Most suicide attempts involved ingestion of medicines. Approximately 21.2% & 7.5% of cases had used alcohol or an […]

Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents Aged 11 to 15 Years: Prevalence and Associated Factors

This study examined the prevalence of & factors associated with suicide ideation among Brazilian adolescents, aged 11-15 years. A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted. 1,039 adolescents were interviewed. The prevalence of suicide ideation was 14.1%. Factors associated with suicide ideation included female gender, current alcohol consumption, use of illicit drugs, symptoms indicating conduct disorders, & […]

Epidemiological Analysis of Suicide in Brazil From 1980 to 2006

Data on suicide mortality rates were collected from the Information Technology Department of the Brazilian Public Health System. A total of 158,952 suicides were registered between 1980-2006, excluding persons less than 10 years old (68 cases). The suicide rate increased from 4.4 to 5.7 per 100,000 population. Higher rates were found in the south and […]

The Mental Health of Graduate Students at the Federal University of Sao Paulo: a Preliminary Report

Data regarding the care provided to graduate level health professionals at the mental health centre of the Federal University of Sao Paulo is presented. 146 students were seen from September 1996-September 2003. The main diagnoses were depression & anxiety disorders, causing 4.5% of the students to be suspended temporarily from their studies. Suicidal tendencies were […]

Manual for Estimating the Economic Costs of Injuries due to Interpersonal and Self-Directed Violence

This manual begins by discussing the rationale for estimating the economic costs of violence, the objectives of the manual, & target audiences. The next 3 chapters discuss: defining violence & measuring its occurence; methodological approaches to estimating the magnitude & costs of violence-related injuries; & guidelines. The fifth chapter presents 3 case studies from Brazil, […]

Lifetime History of Suicide Attempts is Associated With Poorer Social Skills in Patients With Bipolar Disorder Type I

In this letter to the editor, the authors report on their study of social skills in a group of bipolar patients with a past history of suicide attempts. Results suggested that outpatients with bipolar disorder I with a history of suicide attempts present inhibited behaviour in relation to other people & their environment. Further studies […]

Suicide Time Trends in Brazil from 1980 to 2005

This study described suicide time trends in Brazil from 1980-2005. Data were obtained from the National Mortality Information System & the Brazilian Institute of Geography & Statistics. Suicide rates were calculated for the entire period for the country as a whole & the 26 states & federal district. Annual increases or decreases in mortality rates […]

Investigation of A218C Tryptophan Hydroxylase Polymorphism: Association With Familial Suicide Behavior and Proband’s Suicide Attempt Characteristics

Tryptophan hydroxylase A218C polymorphism was analyzed in a sample of 248 Brazilian psychiatric patients & 63 healthy controls. In addition, at least 1 close relative was interviewed to assess family suicide behaviour history. A positive history of familial suicide attempts was associated with the chance of an individual attempting suicide. Familial suicide attempts were more […]

Age-Period-Cohort Analysis of Suicide Rates in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1979-1998

This study investigated suicide trends, 1979-1998, in Rio de Janiero State with emphasis on age, period, & cohort effects. Poisson regression & graphical methods were used to evaluate these effects. Suicide rates increased steadily with age, particularly among males. In both males & females, age-adjusted rates decreased until 1992 & started to increase in 1993. […]

Factors Associated With Repeated Suicide Attempts: Preliminary Results of the WHO Multisite Intervention Study on Suicidal Behavior (SUPRE-MISS) From Campinas, Brazil

This study compares sociodemographic & clinical characteristics of 102 first-time attempters with a group of 101 repeat attempters consecutively admitted to a general hospital in Brazil. A standardized interview & psychometric scales were administered to all patients. Repetition was associated with being female, a housewife, & having a score above median on the Beck Depression […]

Seasonality of Suicide in the City of Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1979-2003

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Acquired Immunedeficiency Syndrome in Forensic Autopsies

From May 1985-May 1989, 126 autopsies were parformed at the Sao Paulo City morgue on individuals with AIDS whose unnatural deaths had prompted police investigations. 29 deaths resulted from suicide. Various methods of suicide were used & the majority of victims were still in the initial stages of the disease. Attention is drawn to both […]

Suicide Trends and Characteristics in Brazil

Although life expectancy in Brazil has increased, suicide & other forms of injury-related mortality, such as homicide & accident, have increased as a proportion of overall mortality. The suicide rate in Brazil is not considered high in global terms but it has followed the world tendency towards growth; from 1980-2000, the suicide rate in Brazil […]

Suicidal Ideation in Parkinson’s Disease

This study assessed the frequency of suicide ideation & suicide attempts in 90 Brazilian patients with Parkinson’s disease. None of the patients had ever attempted suicide. According to the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, suicide ideation was present in 13 patients. All instruments assessed the risk of suicide in a similar way. Suicide ideation was associated […]

History of Childhood Abuse and Neglect and Suicidal Behavior at Hospital Admission

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Acute Intentional and Accidental Poisoning With Medications in a Southern Brazilian City

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Bipolar Disorder First Episode and Suicidal Behavior: are There Differences According to Type of Suicide Attempt?

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