Brazilian literature on bioethics and suicide: A systematic review

This systematic literature review mapped Brazilian academic production with bioethical approaches to suicide, aiming to contribute to the debate on the ethical conflicts involved in this phenomenon and to collaborate in its  prevention. Bibliographical search was conducted on the SciELO and Google Scholar databases, as well as institutional databases of graduate programs in bioethics, using […]

Trends in method‑specific suicide in Brazil from 2000 to 2017

Purpose: Understanding long-term patterns of suicide methods can inform public health policy and prevention strategies. In Brazil, firearm-related policies may be one salient target for suicide prevention. This study describes trends in method-specific suicide at the national and state-levels in Brazil, with a particular focus on firearm-related suicides. Methods: Brazilian mortality data for suicide and undetermined intent […]

Relationship between the Bolsa Famı ´lia national cash transfer programme and suicide incidence in Brazil: A quasi-experimental study

Background Socioeconomic factors have been consistently associated with suicide, and economic recessions are linked to rising suicide rates. However, evidence on the impact of socioeconomic interventions to reduce suicide rates is limited. This study investigates the association of the world’s largest conditional cash transfer programme with suicide rates in a cohort of half of the […]

Suicide among Indigenous peoples in Brazil from 2000 to 2020: A descriptive study

Background Previous studies in Australia, Canada, and Brazil, found that suicide among ethnic minority groups is higher than in the general population. Indigenous peoples in Brazil have been reported to have a high suicide rate, with reports of suicide clusters occurring in several communities. The objective of this study was to report trends in countrywide […]

Suicide among women in Brazil: A necessary discussion from a gender perspective

Suicide among women is a matter of public health, and there is a lack of scientific literature on this issue. In this theoretical essay, we sought to discuss suicide among women in Brazil from a gender perspective. For that purpose, we adopted the idea that gender extrapolates the concept of sex, considering that differences between […]

Seasonal variation of suicide in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, 1996-2010

Background: In light of the few reports from intertropical latitudes and their conflicting results, we aimed to replicate and update the investigation of seasonal patterns of suicide occurrences in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: Data relating to male and female suicides were extracted from the Mortality Information Enhancement Program (PRO-AIM), the official health statistics of […]

The influence of the age-period-cohort effects on male suicide in Brazil from 1980 to 2019

Suicide is a complex and multi-determined phenomenon. Higher rates are observed in men and are related to multiple risk factors, including mental disorders, financial crises, unemployment, and easy access to highly lethal means of perpetration, such as firearms. We studied the effects of age, period, and cohort (APC) on total and firearm-related suicides in men […]

Time series analysis of the suicide attempts assisted by firefighters from 2017 to 2021 in Sao Paulo, Brazil

Objective: This study aimed to analyze the time trends of suicide attempts assisted by the Fire Department of the Military Police of the State of São Paulo (Corpo de Bombeiros da Polícia Militar do Estado de São Paulo —  CBPMESP) from 2017 to 2021, between sexes. Methods: This is an ecological study of 11,435 suicide […]

Secular trends of suicide in the city of Sao Paulo, 1904-2017

Background: Few reports from developing countries have described long-term trends in suicide. Aims: To investigate the age-, sex-, and method-specific trends in suicide over the period 1904–2017 in São Paulo. Method: Mortality data were obtained from SEADE, DATASUS, and PRO-AIM. Results: Suicide peaked in the mid-1910s and mid-1950s, being higher among men. There was an upward trend from the 1920s for men […]

Suicide, a public health problem in Brazil (IN: Suicide, edited by R.W. Motta)

This text focuses on the situation of suicide in Brazil, defines and quantifies information, and presents a description of the main risk factors, as well as a reflection on the phenomenon and the possibilities for prevention. Fatal suicide is a serious public health problem. In 2012, 172 member states of the World Health Organization registered […]

A 10-year ecological study of the methods of suicide used by Brazilian adolescents

Suicide among adolescents has become a major public health problem worldwide. Our study sought to describe the most commonly used methods of suicide among adolescents aged 10 to 19 years in Brazil between 2006 and 2015. Complete data were obtained from the Brazilian Health Informatics Department (DATASUS) and coded into seven categories of suicide methods. […]

Suicide attempt, post-traumatic stress disorder and associated factors in women of Recife

Objective: To investigate the association of suicide attempt (SA) with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD), Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and variables related to socioeconomic and demographic aspects in a cohort of women enrolled in the Family Health Strategy in Recife. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out, nested in a prospective cohort study with 644 women […]

The influence of parental psychopathology on offspring suicidal behavior across the lifespan.


Validation of the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale(EPDS)for screening of major depressive episode among adults from the general population.

Standardized questionnaires designed for the identification of depression are useful for monitoring individual as well as population mental health. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) has originally been developed to assist primary care health professionals to detect postnatal depression, but several authors recommend its use outside of the postpartum period. In Brazil, the use of […]

Suicide prevention training for professionals in the public health network in a large Brazilian city.

The objective of this study was to improve health professionalsÕ knowledge and attitudes toward suicide prevention. A suicide prevention training of 18 hours duration was conducted with 270 health professionals, mainly primary care workers, who were routinely involved with patients at high risk for suicide. Questionnaires were used to assess changes in attitudes and knowledge. […]

Factors Associated With Repeated Suicide Attempts: Preliminary Results of the WHO Multisite Intervention Study on Suicidal Behavior (SUPRE-MISS) From Campinas, Brazil

This study compares sociodemographic & clinical characteristics of 102 first-time attempters with a group of 101 repeat attempters consecutively admitted to a general hospital in Brazil. A standardized interview & psychometric scales were administered to all patients. Repetition was associated with being female, a housewife, & having a score above median on the Beck Depression […]

Suicide Attempts and Substance use in an Emergency Room Sample

This article describes suicide attempters seen in an emergency room in Sao Paulo, Brazil, & their acute substance consumption or dependence. A non-structured psychiatric interview was used with a sample of 80 patients, mean age 26.9 years. Most suicide attempts involved ingestion of medicines. Approximately 21.2% & 7.5% of cases had used alcohol or an […]

Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents Aged 11 to 15 Years: Prevalence and Associated Factors

This study examined the prevalence of & factors associated with suicide ideation among Brazilian adolescents, aged 11-15 years. A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted. 1,039 adolescents were interviewed. The prevalence of suicide ideation was 14.1%. Factors associated with suicide ideation included female gender, current alcohol consumption, use of illicit drugs, symptoms indicating conduct disorders, & […]

Epidemiological Analysis of Suicide in Brazil From 1980 to 2006

Data on suicide mortality rates were collected from the Information Technology Department of the Brazilian Public Health System. A total of 158,952 suicides were registered between 1980-2006, excluding persons less than 10 years old (68 cases). The suicide rate increased from 4.4 to 5.7 per 100,000 population. Higher rates were found in the south and […]

The Mental Health of Graduate Students at the Federal University of Sao Paulo: a Preliminary Report

Data regarding the care provided to graduate level health professionals at the mental health centre of the Federal University of Sao Paulo is presented. 146 students were seen from September 1996-September 2003. The main diagnoses were depression & anxiety disorders, causing 4.5% of the students to be suspended temporarily from their studies. Suicidal tendencies were […]

Manual for Estimating the Economic Costs of Injuries due to Interpersonal and Self-Directed Violence

This manual begins by discussing the rationale for estimating the economic costs of violence, the objectives of the manual, & target audiences. The next 3 chapters discuss: defining violence & measuring its occurence; methodological approaches to estimating the magnitude & costs of violence-related injuries; & guidelines. The fifth chapter presents 3 case studies from Brazil, […]

Lifetime History of Suicide Attempts is Associated With Poorer Social Skills in Patients With Bipolar Disorder Type I

In this letter to the editor, the authors report on their study of social skills in a group of bipolar patients with a past history of suicide attempts. Results suggested that outpatients with bipolar disorder I with a history of suicide attempts present inhibited behaviour in relation to other people & their environment. Further studies […]

Suicide Time Trends in Brazil from 1980 to 2005

This study described suicide time trends in Brazil from 1980-2005. Data were obtained from the National Mortality Information System & the Brazilian Institute of Geography & Statistics. Suicide rates were calculated for the entire period for the country as a whole & the 26 states & federal district. Annual increases or decreases in mortality rates […]