The burden of not belonging: A qualitative study of the applicability of the interpersonal theory of suicide constructs of belongingness and burdensomeness to ethnocultural minoritized youth

Guided by the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (IPTS), this study aims to understand the applicability of the constructs of belongingness and burdensomeness and their relevance to suicide risk and mental health among ethnocultural minoritized youth. A qualitative exploratory study was conducted using five focus groups with 29 self-identified Latinx and Black adolescents aged 13–17 years to explore […]

Research brief: Mental health of black transgender and nonbinary young people

Despite overall rates of suicidality among young people trending downward for the past 30 years, Black young people have experienced an increase in suicide attempts (Lindsey et al., 2019􀉣, with suicide rates among Black young people increasing 37% between 2018 and 2021 (Stone & Mack, 2023).

Protective factors for suicidal ideation among Black adolescents indirectly exposed to community violence

Objective Community violence exposure has been identified as a risk factor for Black youth suicide ideation. However, little is known about factors that protect community violence exposed youth against suicide ideation. The current study examined associations between knowledge of family member and peers’ community violence exposure and Black youth’s subsequent suicidal ideation, and investigated self-worth […]

Understanding suicide risk for youth who are both Black and Native American: The role of intersectionality and multiple marginalization

Introduction Native American and multiracial youth experience elevated risk for suicide ideation (SI) and suicide attempts (SA); however, intersectional identities are often unexamined in suicide research. Method We examined the prevalence of SI and SA, and the impact of intersectional identities (sex, sexual minority identity, and economic insecurity) on these rates, in 496 biracial Black-Native […]

Mental health service utilization, school experiences, and religious involvement among a national sample of black adolescents who attempt suicide: Examining within and cross-race group differences

Prior suicide attempt serves as one of the strongest predictors of future suicide attempt and risk for death by suicide among youth. Disparities, however, persist in determining which groups have access to services following an attempt. Thus, we compare the experiences of Black youth with a history of lifetime suicide attempt to youth from other […]

Suicide and suicidal behaviors among minoritized youth

Suicide is among the leading causes of death for American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian American/Pacific Islanders, black, Hispanic, and multiracial youth. Although recent data suggest increasing trends in  suicide and suicidal behaviors among minoritized populations, limited research is available to understand these trends. Emerging data regarding suicidal ideation, attempts, and suicide deaths suggest increasing  trends among […]

Sleep health disparities: A promising target for preventing suicide in black youth?

Youth suicide is an urgent public health concern, particularly for Black youth, among whom suicide attempts and death have increased faster than any other racial or ethnic group. Ideal foci for suicide prevention interventions are risk factors that are malleable, dynamic, and proximal. Studies consistently identify poor sleep health as a risk factor for suicidal […]

Correlates of suicide risk among Black and White adults with behavioral health disorders in criminal-legal systems

Background Adults with behavioral health disorders in criminal-legal systems are at heightened risk of suicide relative to the general population. Despite documented racial disparities in criminal processing and behavioral health treatment, few studies have examined racial differences in suicide risk in this already high-risk population. This study examined 1) the correlates of suicide risk in […]

The skin we’re in: A year of black resistance and power

Month-by-month, Cole creates a comprehensive picture of entrenched, systemic inequality. Urgent, controversial, and unsparingly honest, The Skin We’re In is destined to become a vital text for anti-racist and social justice movements in Canada, as well as a potent antidote to the all-too-present complacency of many white Canadians.

The skin we’re in: A year of Black resistance and power

Both Cole’s activism and journalism find vibrant expression in his first book, The Skin We’re In. Puncturing the bubble of Canadian smugness and naive assumptions of a post-racial nation, Cole chronicles just one year—2017—in the struggle against racism in this country. It was a year that saw calls for tighter borders when Black refugees braved frigid […]

Setting a ground zero research agenda for preventing black youth suicide

In December 2019, the Congressional Black Caucus released “Ring the Alarm: The Crisis of Black Youth Suicide in America,”1 which called for attention to rising rates of suicide and suicidal behavior among Black youth in the United States. Indeed, data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggest suicide for Black youth, 5 to […]

The unapologetic guide to black mental health: Navigate an unequal system, learn tools for emotional wellness, and get the help you deserve

InThe Unapologetic Guide to Black Mental Health, psychologist and African American mental health expert Rheeda Walker offers important information on the mental health crisis in the Black community, how to combat stigma, spot potential mental illness, how to practice emotional wellness, and how to get the best care possible in system steeped in racial bias. […]

Suicide among Black children: An integrated model of interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide and intersectionality theory for researchers and clinicians

Recently, research has reported that the rates of suicide among Black children between the ages of 5 to 12-years-old are increasing as they are now more likely to commit suicide than White children. Yet, there are very few, if any, frameworks being used by researchers to explain the risks of suicide among Black children. Suicide […]

Sleep-related problems and suicide behavior and ideation among black and white trauma-exposed psychiatric inpatients

Objective Sleep-related problems (SRPs) are associated with increased risk for suicide-related behavior and death. Given that Black adults report greater SRPs as compared to White adults, the purpose of the current study was to examine sleep problems, suicide-related psychiatric admission, and suicide ideation, in Black and White trauma-exposed adults. Method Suicide-related behavior (i.e., intent, plan, and/or […]

The changing characteristics of African-American adolescent suicides, 2001-2017

African-American (AA) adolescents (13–19 years of age) have disproportionately higher rates of suicide. In this study, to explore the nature of suicidal deaths and suicide attempts in African- American adolescents, we utilized the Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS) and the Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) database from years 2001 to 2017. The rate […]

Comparison of rates of firearm and nonfirearm homicide and suicide in black and white non-Hispanic men, by U.S. State.

BACKGROUND: The extent to which differences in homicide and suicide rates in black versus white men vary by U.S. state is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of firearm and nonfirearm homicide and suicide in black and white non-Hispanic men by U.S. state and to examine whether these deaths are associated with state prevalence of […]

Synergistic effects of lifetime psychiatric disorders on suicidal ideation among blacks in the USA.

In this study, we aimed to investigate the synergistic effects of lifetime psychiatric disorders including general anxiety disorder (GAD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and drug abuse disorder (DAD) on serious suicidal thoughts among a nationally representative sample of Blacks in the USA. Individuals with comorbid GAD and MDD [odds ratio (OR) = 3.61, 95 % confidence interval […]

Rates of homicide-followed-by-suicide among white, African American, and Hispanic men.

Highlights NVDRS is the only data differentiating HFBS from other suicides. African American and Hispanic men were more likely to die in HFBS event than Whites. Prevention efforts should recognize the importance of racial and ethnic differences. HFBS events need to be identified, monitored, and better understood to be prevented.

Characteristics of black and white callers to a gambling helpline.


Suicide among racial/ethnic populations in the U.S.: Blacks.

This fact sheet is one in a series that summarizes data and research on suicidal behavior among particular racial and ethnic populations.* Black and African American are terms often used to describe this population, which can include Caribbean Blacks. The Office of Management and Budget defines Black or African American as a person having origins […]

Attachment security and problematic substance use in low-income, suicidal, African American women.

While secure attachment may buffer the effect of adverse early experiences on the development of behavioral problems in children, whether attachment security may provide resilience against problematic substance use in adulthood is less clear, and addressed by this study. Participants who reported greater attachment security were significantly less likely to engage in problematic substance use.

Mediators of the daily hassles-suicidal ideation link in African American women.

As hypothesized, daily hassles, depressive symptoms, and hopelessness were each significantly and positively associated with suicidal ideation. Moreover, the relation between daily hassles and suicidal ideation was, in part, accounted for by depressive symptoms and hopelessness. This study demonstrates the importance of assessing for the presence of these risk factors when determining the likelihood that […]

Perceived racism and suicide ideation: Mediating role of depression but moderating role of religiosity among African American adults.

Suicide is a public health problem for African Americans who are young and of working age. The purpose of this study was to examine mediated and moderated effects of perceived racism on suicide ideation in a community sample of 236 African American men and women. Measures of suicide ideation, depression symptoms, intrinsic/extrinsic religiosity, and perceived […]