Blunted arousal in response to psychological stress is associated with current suicide ideation

The purpose of this study was to test the association between arousal in response to psychological stress, as measured by standardized maximum decrease in high-frequency heart rate variability (HF HRV) during a stressful laboratory task, and current suicide ideation (SI). 81 emerging adult college students completed a stressful laboratory task consisting of the computerized Stroop […]

Sex-dependent grades of haematopoietic modulation in patients with major depressive episodes are associate with suicide attempts.

Suicide is the leading cause of non-natural death worldwide, and major depressive disorder (MDD) is the mood disorder with the highest prevalence among individuals with suicidal be- haviour (SB). The role of inflammation and immunomodulation in mood disorders has raised interest in recent years, as inflammation biomarkers have been reported to be increased in mood […]

Precision medicine for suicidality: From universality to subtypes and personalization.

Suicide remains a clear, present and increasing public health problem, despite being a potentially preventable tragedy. Its incidence is particularly high in people with overt or un(der)diagnosed psychiatric disorders. Objective and precise identification of individuals at risk, ways of monitoring response to treatments and novel preventive therapeutics need to be discovered, employed and widely deployed. […]

Depression and Suicide Risk in Hemodialysis Patients With Chronic Renal Failure

The demographic & psychological factors associated with depression among 200 end-stage adult hemodialysis patients in Taiwan were examined & the relationships between depression, anxiety, fatigue, poor health-related quality of life, & increased suicide risk were elucidated. Structural equation modelling was used to analyze the models & the strength of the relationship between variables & suicide […]

Risk behaviors in high school and college sport

Athletes have traditionally been considered greater risk takers than their peers. Some research suggests that athletic participation is associated with increased risk behaviors in males but may be protective in females. Still there is significant intersport variability, and some “nonathlete” risk behaviors exceed those of athletes. Motor vehicle accidents, sensation-seeking behaviors that contribute to unintentional […]

The Influence of Limitation in Activity of Daily Living and Physical Health on Suicidal Ideation: Results From a Population Survey of Great Britain

This article explores the relationship between suicide ideation & disability. In the survey of psychiatric morbidity in Great Britain, 8580 randomly selected adults were interviewed. Data on suicide ideation & activity of daily living limitation was available for 8513 of those surveyed. The independent association of suicide ideation & specific activity of daily living limitations […]

Antecedent (Predeath) Behaviors as Indicators of Imminent Violence (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

Without the ability to predict the exact moment of lethal action, crisis interveners frequently & unknowingly sacrifice personal safety in efforts to stop a suicide. Case studies suggest when specific behaviours are present, individually or collectively, a suicidal act is imminent. These behaviours include change in respiratory rate, hyper vigilance, & counting down/up either verbally […]

Relationships of Suicide Ideation With Cause-Specific Mortality in a Longitudinal Study of South Koreans

Using 7-year mortality follow-up data from the 1998 National Health & Nutrition Examination Surveys of South Korean individuals, the authors found that survey participants with suicide ideation were at increased risk of suicide mortality during the follow-up period compared with those without suicide ideation. The cause-specific analyses showed that, in men, suicide ideation was significantly […]

Respiratory Function and Other Biological Risk Factors for Completed Suicide: 40 Years of Follow-Up of European Cohorts of the Seven Countries Study

In the prospective cohort of the Seven Countries Study, 5,321 middle-aged men from Finland, Serbia, Italy, & Greece were tested to assess which biological risk factors independently identified subjects at increased risk of suicide. Completed suicide was assessed during 40 years of follow-up. Biological cardiovascular risk factors (including forced vital capacity & height) were tested […]

Suicidality and Antidepressants in the Elderly

This article explores known risk correlates of suicide in the elderly, epidemiologic & demographic factors as well as social, physical, & mental health aspects. The article then reviews the relationship between suicidal manifestations & antidepressants & concludes with a practical management strategy for the elderly given the current evidence base. (33 refs.)

The Health and Socioeconomic Impacts of Major Multi-Sport Events: Systematic Review (1978-2008)

A literature review was done to assess the effects of major multi-sport events on health & socioeconomic determinants of health in the population of the city hosting the event. 54 studies were included. Study quality was poor. 5 studies, each with a high risk of bias, reported health-related outcomes: suicide, paediatric health service demand, presentations […]

Secondary Prevention of Suicide

Secondary suicide prevention aims to decrease the likelihood of a suicide attempt in high-risk patients. In this article, the authors discuss recent research on the evaluation of suicidal risk & on different kinds of secondary suicide prevention interventions that aim to reduce that risk. They also indicate how these interventions are being applied currently & […]

Revised NESARC Personality Disorder Diagnoses: Gender, Prevalence, and Comorbidity With Substance Dependence Disorders

The authors applied different diagnostic rules for diagnosing personality disorders to the NESARC epidemiological study of over 40,000 individuals. Each personality disorder criterion was required to be associated with significant distress or impairment in order to be counted toward a personality disorder diagnosis. Results demonstrated significant reductions in prevalence rates. Personality disorder diagnoses were associated […]

Mental and Somatic Symptoms Related to Suicidal Ideation in Patients Visiting a Psychosomatic Clinic in Japan

A questionnaire-based interview elicited details concerning mental & somatic symptoms in patients visiting a psychosomatic clinic in Japan. Univariate logistic regression analyses followed by multiple regression models using a stepwise method were selected for identifying the candidate symptoms. Overall, symptoms related to depression were associated with suicide ideation in both genders. Although women showed more […]

Personality as a Mediator of Demographic Risk Factors for Suicide Attempts in a Community Sample

The study determined whether personality might partially explain associations between sociodemographic factors & self-reported suicide attempts. Data were from a postal survey sent to 912 community residents previously selected at random. In a multiple, logistic-regression analysis constrained to sociodemographic predictors, only young age, female gender, poor self-reported health, & Medicaid status remained as predictors of […]

Book Review-The Oxford Textbook of Suicidology and Suicide Prevention: a Global Perspective, edited by D Wasserman & C Wasserman

The reviewer notes that this textbook “covers all important aspects concerning suicide & suicidal behaviors, including numerous examples of the challenges in this field & tools needed to achieve the ultimate goal, namely, suicide prevention”. He says it is “an excellent resource to be used by researchers, clinicians and professionals working in all fields related […]

Early Dementia Diagnosis and the Risk of Suicide and Euthanasia

The authors performed a selective literature review of suicide in persons with dementia & the ethical issues associated with euthanasia in this population. In the absence of any effective treatments for Alzheimer’s disease or other types of dementia, there is already evidence that persons with mild cognitive change & early dementia are at risk of […]

The Truth About Suicide

This book presents information designed to help teens understand such topics as the risk factors and warning signs for suicide, the role of mental illness in suicide, self-injurious behaviour, and suicide prevention.

Depression and Thoughts of Death Among Disadvantaged Mothers: Risk Factors and Impact on Maternal and Child Health

The authors’ hypotheses were that modifiable societal risk factors would contribute to depression & thoughts of death & that these would affect maternal & infant well-being. A retrospective database analysis with bivariate & multivariate statistics used 3 years of data from the prospective Fragile Families & Child Wellbeing Study. 880 mothers were clinically depressed; of […]

Associations Between Physical Activity and Reduced Rates of Hopelessness, Depression, and Suicidal Behavior Among College Students

Associations among types of physical activity & hopelessness, depression, & suicidal behaviour were explored among 43,499 college students, ages 18-25, who completed the 2005 National College Health Assessment. Logistic regression modelling was used. Men & women who engaged in some physical activity each week demonstrated a reduced risk of hopelessness, depression, & suicidal behaviour compared […]

Clinical Characteristics of Depressive Symptoms in Children and Adolescents With Major Depressive Disorder

The Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders & Schizophrenia (present version) was administered to parents (about their children) & in face-to-face interview with 916 children & adolescents with major depressive disorder. Depressed adolescents had significantly more hopelessness/helplessness, lack of energy/tiredness, hypersomnia, weight loss, & suicidality compared with children. Depressed female adolescnts had significantly more suicidality than […]

A Preliminary Survey of Health Education in Indiana Home Schools

This preliminary study examined health education content areas taught by home school educators in Indiana. An instrument was developed, piloted, & administered to a random sample of 600 home school educators. Results indicate most taught a variety of health education topics with first aid, physical activity & fitness, & nutrition & diet being taught most […]

A Death of One’s Own (IN: The Politics of Deviance, by A Hendershott)

Suicide has traditionally been viewed as a deviant act because it contributes to a climate in which individual life is devalued. Yet, as the author argues in this chapter, the line between suicide that is viewed as being justified (e.g. a person with a terminal illness) & suicide that is for the wrong reasons (e.g. […]