Where is the social in the biopsychosocial model of suicide prevention?

Background:¬†Each year, around 800,000 people die by suicide. The prevalence of suicidal behaviors is much higher when suicidal attempts and persistent self-injurious ideation are included. Therefore, suicide is a public health concern. Research has been sensitive to this problem, deepening the study of risk factors and the development of theoretical frameworks of suicidal behavior, with […]

Associations Between Lifestyle Factors, Working Environment, Depressive Symptoms and Suicidal Ideation: a Large-Scale Study in Japan

Associations between lifestyle, working environment, depressive symptoms, & suicide ideation were investigated. Variables measured included job stressors, working hours, overtime work, smoking status, alcohol consumption, sleep, exercise, meals, & family factors. A total of 4,118 employees (2,834 men, 1,284 women) in 11 cities & districts across Japan were studied. On stepwise multivariate logistic regression analysis, […]

Suicide: can we Predict it?

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Clinical Suicidology: Theoretical Models

This articles examines different theories of suicide, starting with a review of two major sociological theories, those of Durkheim & Henry & Short. The discussion then turns to individual theories of suicidal behaviours, classified into 3 major types: physiological, intrapsychic, & interpersonal. Intrapsychic theories are further divided into psychoanalytic theory, social learning, & cognitive process. […]

Suicide in Central and Eastern Europe: Trends, Causal Factors, Risk and Protective Constellations

Published in “Suicide Risk & Protective Factors in the New Millennium,” ed. by O T Grad

Book Review – Comprehending Suicide: Landmarks in 20th Century Suicidology by E S Shneidman

This review discusses Edwin Shneidman’s book “Comprehending Suicide: Landmarks in 20th-Century Suicidology”. The reviewer commends Shneidman for composing a book that has information on a broad variety of disciplines that have studied suicide: history, literature, sociology, biology, psychiatry, psychology, & survivors of suicide. The reviewer notes that Shneidman’s greatest observation is that human kindness can […]