Railway suicide in Belgium 1998-2009: Incidence and prevention

Background: Belgium is a country with a high suicide rate (19.1/100,000 in 2004), and railway suicide poses a substantial safety and public health problem. This problem was addressed by the Suicide Prevention Unit of Infrabel (Manager of the Belgian Railway Infrastructure), which collects relevant data and implements a prevention program. Aims: To present data on fatal and nonfatal […]

A 17-year national study of prison suicides in Belgium

Background: Suicide is a leading cause of mortality in prisoners worldwide, yet empirical data on this matter are lacking in Belgium. Aims: This study sought to describe characteristics associated with a consecutive series of suicides in Belgian prisons from 2000 to 2016 inclusive, in order to inform suicide prevention strategies. Method: All documented cases of suicide (N = 262) were reviewed […]

Declining rates of suicidal behavior among general practice patients in Belgium: results from sentinel surveillance between 1993 and 2008.

The aim of this study was (1) to estimate the incidence of suicidal behavior, i.e., suicide and suicide attempts, among Belgian general practice patients in 2007-2008 and to estimate trends since previous surveillance periods, i.e., 1991-1993 and 2000-2001; and (2) to investigate characteristics of actors, acts, and first care delivery. Data were collected by the […]

How to increase suicide survivor support? Experiences from the National Survivor Programme in Flanders-Belgium.

Contains list of ‘The rights of suicide survivors’

An ecological study of community-level correlates of suicide mortality rates in the Flemish region of Belgium, 1996-2005.

An ecological study of age-standardized suicide rates in Belgian communities (1996Ð2005) was conducted using spatial regression techniques. Community characteristics were significantly related to suicide rates. There was mixed support for the social integration perspective: single person households were associated with higher suicide rates, while religious participation was unrelated and both immigration and the presence of […]

Comparison of Non-Suicidal Self-Injurious Behavior and Suicide Attempts in Patients Admitted to a Psychiatric Crisis Unit

This study examined differences in personality, coping skills, & select psychopathology symptoms in Belgian psychiatric patients with & without non-suicidal self-injury &/or suicide attempts. Data was collected in a sample of 128 psychiatric patients by means of self-report questionnaires. Results support a continuum of self-harm such that patients with both non-suicidal self-injury & suicide attempts […]

A Comparative Follow-Up Study of Aftercare and Compliance of Suicide Attempters Following Standardized Psychosocial Assessment

This comparative longitudinal study investigated aftercare & compliance of attempted suicide patients after standardized psychosocial assessment. Structured interviews were conducted 1 month & 6 months after an index suicide attempt. Assessment was associated with more frequent discussion of treatment options with the patient at the hospital & a shorter interval between discharge & contacting the […]

The Role of Affect Regulation in a Case of Attempted Maternal Filicide-Suicide

The scarce empirical research into maternal filicide-suicide has resulted in a number of descriptive risk factors for the offender. The aim of this paper is to highlight the interaction amongst these risk factors via a case study of a woman who survived a filicide-suicide the child also survived. The authors conclude that in order to […]

Adjustment Disorder and the Course of the Suicidal Process in Adolescents

The association of adjustment disorders (with depressed mood) & suicide in adolescents was investigated by means of a psychological autopsy study. Relatives & other informants of 19 Belgian suicide victims were interviewed. Differences in the duration of the suicidal process between suicide victims diagnosed with adjustment disorder & suicide cases diagnosed with other psychiatric disorders […]

Suicidal Acts and Ideation in Homosexual and Bisexual Young People: a Study of Prevalence and Risk Factors

The risk of attempted suicide & the effect of potential risk factors on the ocurrence of suicidal ideation & behaviour was examined among Belgian homosexual youth. A questionnaire was used with a general population sample of homosexual or bisexual young people & a control sample of school pupils. A 2-fold increased risk of ideation was […]

Suicide Among Adolescents: a Psychological Autopsy Study of Psychiatric, Psychosocial and Personality-Related Risk Factors

19 adolescent suicides were investigated using psychological autopsies. All adolescents had one or more mental disorders at time of their death; almost half were diagnosed with personality disorders. Adjustment disorders were diagnosed in one-firth of the sample, which appears to be relevant given the multiple life events & other psychosocial problems which the adolescents were […]

The Role of Affect Regulation in a Case of Attempted Maternal-Filicide Suicide: Commentary on an act of Despair

A case of attempted maternal-filial suicide is discussed from the perspective of trauma, emotional regulation, & defense mechanisms. Case details which include childhood sexual abuse, observed parental violence, & emotional neglect allow for an illustration of the impact of childhood family experiences on adult intimacy & coping patterns. Domestic violence & the perception of protection […]

Epidemiological Trends in Attempted Suicide in Adolescents and Young Adults Between 1996 and 2004

This article describes the results of a 9-year monitoring study of suicide attempts in adolescents & young adults referred to the emergency department of the Gent University Hospital, Belgium. Attempted suicide rates declined from 1996-2001, & then rose until 2004, but did not exceed previous rates. There was a preponderance of female attempters, except for […]

Depression, Depressiveness and Suicide: Report of the Superior Health Council (SHC No. 8108)

This report aims at improving the understanding of depression, depressiveness, & suicide in Belgium. Several areas are proposed in which to focus first & in which it would be useful to develop new models or optimize the facilities currently being used. Epidemiological data is provided & general observations are made about risk & protective factors, […]

Sociodemographic and Psychopathological Risk Factors for Repetition of Attempted Suicide: a 5-Year Follow-Up Study

The association between repetition of suicide attempts & sociodemographic & psychopathological characteristics of patients during a 5-year follow-up were examined. Participants were 874 suicide attempters referred to the University Hospital of Ghent. 361 patients were available for follow-up analysis. Within 5 years, 29.2% of those admitted for an index suicide attempt repeated non-fatal suicidal behaviour. […]

Exposure to Violence and Suicide Risk in Adolescents: a Community Study

Physician Assisted Suicide in Belgian law

The legal status of physician-assisted suicide in Belgian law is ambiguous. The author of this article asserts that by not regulating physician-assisted suicide in the Act on Euthanasia of May 2002 the Belgian legislature missed an historical chance to clarify the legal status of this practice.

Repeated Suicidal Behaviour Following Attempted Suicide: a 5-Year Follo-up Study

Published in “The Suicidal Process: Challenges for Treatment and Prevention”

A Four-Country Survey Regarding Suicide: Consumer’s Beliefs, Attitudes and Behaviors (Belgium, Italy, Portugal and Spain)


Suicide and Schizophrenia

Published in “The Suicidal Process: Challenges for Treatment and Prevention”

Attempted Suicide in Flanders: a Multi-Center Study

Published in “The Suicidal Process: Challenges for Treatment and Prevention”

Evaluation of a Youth Suicide Prevention Project in Belgium

Published in “The Suicidal Process: Challenges for Treatment and Prevention”

Trends in Adolescent Attempted Suicide in Gent, 1986-1995

Published in “The Suicidal Process: Challenges for Treatment and Prevention”