Hopelessness and its correlates with clinical outcomes in an outpatient setting

Introduction:┬áThis study examined whether patients with hopelessness and those without may significantly differ regarding their main presentations and clinical course in a large Italian population. Methods:┬áThe recruited sample included 583 currently euthymic outpatients with major affective disorders. The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) assessed hopelessness using a cutoff score of 9 or higher. Participants were categorized[…]

Hopelessness as a predictor of attempted suicide among first admission patients with psychosis: A 10-year cohort study.

Little is known about the longitudinal relationship of hopelessness to attempted suicide in psychotic disorders. This study addresses this gap by assessing hopelessness and attempted suicide at multiple time-points over 10 years in a first-admission cohort with psychosis (n = 414). Approximately one in five participants attempted suicide during the 10-year follow-up, and those who[…]

Assessment of Suicide: Beck’s Scales for Assessing Mood and Suicidality (IN: Assessment, Treatment, and Prevention of Suicidal Behavior, edited by R I Yufit & D Lester)

~

Assessment of Hopelessness in Suicidal Patients

Development of an Emotionality and Suicidal Tendency Scale for Prisoners in Hong Kong

The Emotionality & Suicidal Tendency Scale (ESTS) was a scale designed to assess the emotional & suicidal tendency of the remand population in prison settings. A total of 1655 remands were randomly selected to participate in the present study. The ESTS was found to have a high degree of test-retest reliability & internal consistency. The[…]

Hopelessness in a Community Population: Factorial Structure and Psychosocial Correlates

~

Suicide Ideation at its Worst Point: a Predictor of Eventual Suicide in Psychiatric Outpatients

Scales for measuring current suicide ideation, ideation at its worst point in the patient’s life, & hopelessness were administered to 3701 outpatients seeking psychiatric treament. 30 subjects eventually committed suicide, within a mean of 4 years from initial assessment. The assessment of suicide ideation at its worst point identifies a subgroup of patients at relatively[…]

A Comparison of the Problem-Solving Abilities and Psychological Distress of Suicidal, Bullied, and Protected Prisoners

This research examines the relation between means-end thinking & psychological distress in a group of young, incarcerated Scottish offenders who exhibited difficulties in adjusting to the prison regime. 4 groups of inmates were studied. Results suggest a hierarchy of problem-solving deficits & psychological distress that were both most pronounced in the inmates placed in suicidal[…]

Psychological Testing for Potentially Suicidal Individuals (IN: Suicide: Guidelines for Assessment, Management, and Treatment, edited by B Bongar)

This chapter describes psychological tests which are useful in obtaining info about suicidal individuals. The tests include: Hopelessness Scale, Suicide Intent Scale, Scale for Suicide Ideation, Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire, & Suicide Probability Scale. Also included is a discussion concerning the WAIS-R, Rorschach, and TAT. (50+ ref.)

Attempted Suicide Among Adolescents: a Stepwise Discriminant Analysis

A sample of 40 adolescents, (mean age=14.8 years), 20 of whom had attempted suicide & 20 who had not, were compared on a number of life history & psychological variables (affective & cognitive). Stepwise discriminant analyses produced one discriminant function (Wilk’s Lambda=0.23; p