Parent-reported suicidal ideation in three population-based samples of school-aged Korean children with autism spectrum disorder and autism spectrum screening questionnaire screen positivity

Objectives Higher prevalence of suicidality has been reported in individuals with ASD. This study aimed to (1) Estimate the prevalence of suicidal ideation (SI) in epidemiologically-ascertained, population-based, samples of children with ASD or Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) Screen Positivity (ASP); (2) Determine whether ASD/ASP is an independent risk factor for SI, controlling for known […]

Preventing suicide in youth with intellectual and neurodevelopmental disorders: Lessons learned and policy recommendations (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social communication defcits and the presence of repetitive and restricted behaviors. Based on tracking of 8-year-old children within 11  communities in the USA, 1 in 54 children was identifed with ASD in 2016 by the CDC’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network (Maenner et […]

Parent-reported rates and clinical correlates of suicidality in children with autism spectrum disorder: A longitudinal study

This study investigated rates of suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal and/or self-injurious behaviour (SSIB) reported by parents on the Child Behavior Checklist for 178 children with ASD over four annual assessments (ages 7-11 years). Analyses examined the frequency and persistence of SI and SSIB, and the association of SI and SSIB at any time point […]

Brief report: Exploratory evaluation of clinical features associated with suicidal ideation in youth with autism spectrum disorder

There has been a heightened awareness of an increased risk of suicidality among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) due to high rates of suicidal ideation (SI) in this population (11–66%). The current study investigated the rate of parent-endorsed SI and associated clinical features in 48 youths with ASD (Age; M: 12.97 years, SD: 2.33). SI was endorsed in […]

Suicide risk screening in pediatric outpatient neurodevelopmental disabilities clinics

Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the implementation of universal suicide risk screening in pediatric neurodevelopmental disabilities (NDD) medical clinics, analyze demographic and clinical characteristics of eligible patients, describe outcomes of positive screenings, and describe factors that influenced participation in screenings. Methods: A suicide risk screening protocol was developed and implemented for […]

Suicidal thoughts and behaviours among autistic adults presenting to the psychiatric emergency department: An exploratory chart review

Despite increasing attention on suicidality in autistic people, we know little about suicidal presentations when autistic individuals present to hospital emergency departments (ED). We conducted an exploratory retrospective chart review of suicidal thoughts and behaviours (STB) of autistic adults who presented to a psychiatric ED. The analysis included 16 charts over a 10-week period. Findings […]

Safety planning for suicidality in autism: Obstacles, potential solutions, and future directions

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among US adolescents; data from the Youth Behavior Risk Survey indicates nearly 19% of youth reported seriously considering suicide, and 9% reported a suicide attempt within the past year.  To date, suicide research in adolescents has largely been focused on neurotypical youth. Autistic youth experience elevated risk […]

Autism and autistic traits in those who died by suicide in England

Background Autism and autistic traits are risk factors for suicidal behaviour. Aims To explore the prevalence of autism (diagnosed and undiagnosed) in those who died by suicide, and identify risk factors for suicide in this group. Method Stage 1: 372 coroners’ inquest records, covering the period 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2017 from two […]

Risk of self-harm in children and adults with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Objective  To appraise the available epidemiologic studies on the risk of self-injurious behavior and suicidality among children and adults with ASD. Data Sources  PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Web of Science were systematically searched for epidemiologic studies on the association between ASD and self-injurious behavior and suicidality. Databases were searched from year of inception to April through […]

Anxiety, depression, and the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide in a community sample of adults with autism spectrum disorder

The present study examines occurrence of depression, anxiety, and suicidality in adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), relationships between social difficulties and mental health, and application of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide in this population. Ninety-eight adults with ASD completed an online survey. Data were analyzed using bivariate correlations, independent samples t-tests, and simple mediational […]

Assessment of suicidal behaviors among individuals with autism spectrum disorder in Denmark

Objectives: To analyze whether people with ASD have higher rates of suicide attempt and suicide compared with people without ASD using national register data, identify potential risk factors for suicide attempt and suicide among those with ASD, and examine associations with comorbid disorders. Design, setting, and participants: In this cohort study, nationwide register data from January 1, […]

Prevalence and risk-markers of self-harm in autistic children and adults

Self-harm is purportedly common in autistic individuals, but under-researched, particularly in younger samples and those without intellectual disability. This study aimed to describe prevalence, profile and correlates of self-harm in autistic individuals without impairments in adaptive functioning. Parents of autistic participants (n = 83) completed questionnaires regarding the presence/topography of self-harm, demographic characteristics, autism severity, age of diagnosis, affect, activity […]

Investigating mental health crisis in youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Evidence suggests that youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at increased risk for experiencing a mental health crisis. Yet, limited systematic research exists on this topic. This study examines the prevalence, phenomenology, and correlates of mental health crisis in children, adolescents, and young adults with ASD. Participants included 462 parents of individuals with ASD […]

Gender differences in the suicide attempts of adolescents in emergency departments: Focusing on individuals with autism spectrum disorder

Background: Few studies on gender-based diagnostic characteristics of adolescent suicide attempters in emergency departments (EDs) have included individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).   Objective: This study aimed to examine the clinical features of adolescent suicide attempts in EDs, focusing on gender differences and considering individuals with ASD. Methods: Ninety-four adolescent patients, aged less than […]

A 20-year study of suicide death in a statewide autism population

This study examined suicide risk among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Utah over a 20‐year period. Risk of suicide death in individuals with ASD was found to have increased over time and to be greater than in individuals without ASD between 2013 and 2017. Females with ASD were over three times as likely […]

Mood symptoms and suicidality across the autism spectrum

Background Autism spectrum is a psychopathological dimension which encompasses a wide range of clinical presentations: from subthreshold forms and autistic traits (AT), that can be found in the general population, to full-blown autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Many studies reported high rates of comorbidity between both ASD and AT and mood disorders, as well as a high prevalence of suicidal ideationamong patients with […]

Suicidality in autistic spectrum disorders: A systematic review

  BACKGROUND: It is suggested that people with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) may be at increased risk of suicide; however, research on this topic has been minimal and there are conflicting reports in existing studies. AIM: To bring together research investigating the prevalence, risk factors, and comorbid factors of suicidality in ASD. METHOD: A systematic […]

Risk of suicide attempts among adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder: A nationwide longitudinal follow-up study.

BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported a high prevalence of depression among patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and suggested a relationship between ASD and suicidality. However, whether ASD independently increases the risk of attempted suicide regardless of depression has not been determined. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5,618 adolescents aged 12-17 years […]

Suicide in autism spectrum disorders.

This review focuses on suicide in patients with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) as well as risk factors and comorbidities of persons with ASD who have attempted suicide.

Suicidal behaviour in adolescents and young adults with ASD: Findings from a systematic review.

Highlights We reviewed primary research on suicidal behaviour among young people, < 25 years, with ASD. Four papers reported primary data on suicidal behaviour in young people with ASD. Prevalence of suicidal behaviour among young people with ASD ranges from 7 to 42%. Depression and abuse are risk factors for suicidal behaviour in this population.