Mental health burden of high school students, and suggestions for psychosocial support, 1.5 years into the COVID‑19 pandemic in Austria

The COVID-19 pandemic and containment efforts seem to be particularly challenging for adolescents. This study assessed mental health in high school students 1.5 years after the pandemic began in Austria. A cross-sectional survey was carried out from September to November 2021. Well-being (WHO-5), depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms and sleep quality were assessed. A total of 1505 […]

Reporting on suicide between 1819 and 1944: Suicide rates, the press, and possible long-term Werther effects in Austria

Background: Suicide rates increased substantially in many countries during the 19th century. Little is known about news coverage on suicide in this period and its relationship to suicide rates. Aims: To test whether there was a covariation between the quantity of reporting and suicide rates and whether the press relied on sensational reporting. Method: A […]

Comparison of suicidal people who use the internet for suicide-related reasons and those who do not: Survey study in Austria.

Abstract. Background: Studies have shown that suicidal individuals who use the Internet for suicide-related purposes are more suicidal than nonsuicide-related users, but evidence from European countries is lacking.Aims: We assessed differences between suicidal individuals who go online for suicide-related purposes and other suicidal individuals in Austria. Method: Participants were 53 individuals aged between 18 and […]

Predictors of suicide and suicide attempt in subway stations: A population-based ecological study

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The Kabuki Effect (IN: Suicide and the Creative Arts, edited by S Stack & D Lester)

The phenomenon in which a creative work provokes a number of people to die by suicide is commonly known as the Werther Effect, in recognition of imitative suicides said to have been induced by the novel “The Sorrows of Young Werther” (1774). This chapter examines a Japanese suicide epidemic in the early 1700s that was […]

The Duration of the Suicidal Process: how Much Time is Left for Intervention Between Consideration and Accomplishment of a Suicide Attempt

This study investigated suicide attempters’ reports on the length of time between consideration & accomplishment of a suicide attempt. 82 patients referred to a psychiatric university hospital were approached within 3 days after their attempt. Data were collected from July 2004-December 2005. Nearly half of the patients reported the period between the first current thought […]

The gap Between Suicide Characteristics in the Print Media and in the Population

The authors applied binomial tests to compare frequencies of social characteristics of all domestic suicides in the 13 largest Austrian print media in 2005 with frequences of suicide characteristics in the population. Results showed suicides involving murder or murder attempt were overrepresented in the media. Reporting on mental disorders was underrepresented. In the regression analysis, […]

Childhood Gender Nonconformity and Harassment as Predictors of Suicidality Among gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Austrians

The role of childhood gender role nonconformity & childhood harassment in explaining suicidality was examined in a sample of 142 lesbian, gay, & bisexual adults & 148 heterosexual adults in Austria. Current & previous suicidality, childhood gender role nonconformity, & childhood harassment were significantly greater in lesbian, gay, & bisexual participants compared to heterosexual participants. […]

Suicide Victims’ Contacts With Physicians During the Year Before Death

This study investigated the course of contact rates of suicide victims with physicians during the year before death. Official suicide data & insurance company data were linked for 317 individuals who died by suicide between 1998-2002. Quarterly contact rates with physicians during the respective last year of life were compared. Contacts with any physicians & […]

Attitudes Towards Suicide Among Medical Students: Comparison Between Madras (India) and Vienna (Austria)

Attitudes towards suicide among medical students in Madras & Vienna were compared. Results showed a very restrictive attitude in Madras, rejecting the right to die by suicide, nearly always judging suicide as a cowardly act, & rejecting the idea of assisted suicide. A more permissive attitude was found in the Vienna sample. The Indian pattern […]

Rural-Urban Differences in Austrian Suicides

This study analyzed the longitudinal trends of rural & urban suicides in Austria from 1970-2005. The decade, 1995-2005, was also investigated cross-sectionally in terms of age groups, gender, suicide methods, & family status. The ratio of rural to urban suicide rates continuously increased in both genders over the 35 years, indicating a growing risk in […]

Attitudes Towards Suicide Among Regional Politicians in Lithuania, Austria, Hungary, Norway and Sweden

This study compared attitudes towards suicide among regional politicians in Austria, Hungary, Lithuania, Norway, & Sweden. The Attitudes Towards Suicide questionnaire was used. Results indicated the acceptance of suicide was higher among Lithuanian, Hungarian, & Austrian politicians (high suicide rate, no national prevention strategies) than among Norwegian & Swedish politicians (relatively low suicide rates, national […]

Suicide in Films: the Impact of Suicide Portrayals on Nonsuicidal Viewers’ Well-Being and the Effectiveness of Censorship

The effects of suicide films on recipients’ emotional & mental states, as well as the influence of censorship, was studied. 154 nonsuicidal Austrian subjects watched the original or a censored version of a suicide film or a drama without suicide. Data were collected by questionnaires. The viewing led to a deterioration of mood & an […]

Suicide in Austrian Children and Young Adolescents Aged 14 and Younger

The suicides of Austrian children & young adolescents were investigated in terms of prevalence, gender differences, suicide methods, & monthly distribution during a period 32 years (1970-2001). 275 cases were identified. The mean suicide rate for 10-14-year-olds was 1.4 per 100,000 with a male-female ratio of 3.1:1. The total child & adolescent suicide rate & […]

Development of Suicide Prevention and Crisis Intervention in a County of Austria

This presentation described the development of a suicide prevention & crisis intervention centre in an Austrian county. Much of the work involves public relations as there is stigma towards social psychiatry in the local population.

County Council Politicians’ Attitudes Toward Suicide and Suicide Prevention. a Qualitative Cross-Cultural Study

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Cost-Effectiveness of Escitalopram Versus Citalopram in the Treatment of Severe Depression

This Austrian study estimated the cost-effectiveness of escitalopram compared with citalopram in the management of severe depression. A decision model incorporated treatment paths & associated direct resource use & the indirect cost of work absenteeism over a 6-month period. Six months after the start of treatment, the overall clinical success remission rate was higher for […]

Psychometric Properties and Correlates of the Lester-Bean Attribution of Causes to Suicide Scale (German Form)

Psychometric properties & correlates of the German form of Lester & Bean’s 1992 Attribution of Causes to Ssuicide Scale were investigated in a sample of 156 Austrians. The three attributional dimensions presented moderate internal consistencies & the 18 items appeared to be factorially orderly, as indicated by exploratory factor analysis. Previous results were replicated, with […]

Beliefs in the Inheritance of Risk Factors for Suicide Scale: Development, Reliability, Stability, and Convergent and Discriminant Validity

As no scale for assessing beliefs in the inheritance of risk factors for suicide is available, a 22-item scale was constructed, its contents rated by experts in a validation survey & administered to samples of 70 medical & 165 psychology students in Austria. Medical students held stronger beliefs in the genetics of suicide than psychology […]

Knowledge About Suicide and Local Suicide Prevalence: Comparison of Estonia and Austria

Knowledge about suicide might be positively correlated with local suicide prevalence. This hypothesis was tested with a sample of 107 medical & social science Estonian undergraduates. Compared (independent group t tests) with a sample of undergraduates from Austria, Estonians presented significantly higher overall knowledge about suicide, particularly concerning demographic & epidemiological facts about suicide but […]

Preventing Suicide in Prisons, Part II: International Comparisons of Suicide Prevention Services in Correctional Facilities

This study of the Task Force on Suicide in Prisons uncovered many differences between countries in suicide prevention activities in prisons. Mental health professionals remain central in all such activities with inmate peer support & correctional officers also playing critical roles. There is great variation in the involvement of outside community workers. These differences could […]

Lay Theories of Suicide Among Austrian Psychology Undergraduates

Lester & Bean’s (1992) Attribution of Causes to Suicide Scale guages lay theories of suicide including intrapsychic problems, interpersonal conflicts, & societal forces as causes. Using its German form, no sex differences & no social-desirability effects were found in a sample of 165 Austrian psychology undergraduates. All 3 subscales were moderately intercorrelated indicating respondents’ general […]

Firearm Legislation Reform in the European Union: Impact on Firearm Availability, Firearm Suicide and Homicide Rates in Austria

This study evaluated the impact of firearm legislation reform on firearm suicides & homicides as well as the availability of firearms in Austria. Official statistics on suicides, firearm homicides, & firearm licences issued from 1985-2005 were examined. To assess the effect of the new firearm law, enacted in 1997, linear regression & Poisson regressions were […]