Mates in manufacturing suicide awareness pilot program: Final evaluation report

This report incorporates the qualitative evaluation of the implementation of the Mates in Manufacturing Pilot Suicide Prevention Program, as funded by SIRA, and delivered in conjunction with Australian Manufacturing Workers Union and Mates in construction. The research sought to examine the extent to which a  peer-to-peer suicide prevention project could be translated from the Construction […]

Transition to a first suicide attempt among young and middle-aged males with a history of suicidal thoughts: A two-year cohort study

Introduction Although many studies have examined the risk and protective factors associated with suicidal behavior, little is known about the probability of transition from suicidal thoughts to suicidal attempts and the factors that distinguish those who have suicidal thoughts from those who progress to a suicide attempt. Objectives To determine the probability and predictors of […]

Drought and hotter temperature impacts on suicide: Evidence from the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia

The Murray–Darling Basin (MDB) is Australia’s prime agricultural region, where drought and hotter weather pose a significant threat to rural residents’ mental health – hence increasing their potential suicide risk. We investigate the impact of drought and hotter temperatures on monthly suicide within local areas in the MDB, from 2006–2016. Using Poisson fixed-effects regression modeling, […]

Hotel suicides in Australia 2006-2017: Examining the frequency, characteristics, and spatial clustering

Background: This study investigated the frequency, characteristics, and geospatial clustering of hotel suicides in Australia to inform suicide prevention efforts. Aims: (1) To determine the proportion of suicide deaths that occurred in hotels, (2) to determine differences in demographic characteristics of hotel deaths compared to other locations, (3) to assess level of planning, and (4) to determine whether […]

Which programmes and policies across health and community settings will generate the most significant impacts for youth suicide prevention in Australia and the UK? Protocol for a systems modelling and simulation study

Introduction: Suicide is a leading cause of mortality among young people aged 15-24 globally. Despite the deployment of comprehensive suicide prevention strategies, we still do not know which interventions, for which groups of young people, for how long and with what intensity could generate the most significant reductions in suicide rates. System dynamics modelling has the […]

Best strategies for reducing the suicide rate in Australia

Objectives: There is accumulating evidence about effectiveness of a number of suicide prevention interventions, and a multilevel systems approach seems promising in reducing suicide risk. This approach requires that components ranging from individual-level to public health interventions are implemented simultaneously in a localised region. This paper presents estimated reductive effects on suicide attempts and deaths that […]

Suicide in first-generation Australian migrants, 2006-2019: A retrospective mortality study

Background: This study addressed the limited understanding of suicide risk and patterns among migrants in Australia. It examined national-level suicide rates and trends in the Australian population to identify migrant groups which are disproportionately affected by suicide. Methods: The National Coronial Information System was used to identify suicide cases from 2006 to 2019. Incident rate […]

Aboriginal and non-aboriginal emergency department presentations involving suicide-related thoughts and behaviors: Characteristics and discharge arrangements

Background: Rates of hospital admission for suicide-related thoughts and behaviors (SRTBs) are elevated in the Northern Territory (NT) of Australia, especially by Aboriginal people, but very little is known about emergency department (ED) presentations. Aim: We aimed to profile ED presentations in the NT involving SRTBs by Indigenous status and compare discharge arrangements. Method: Logistic regression analyses were performed on […]

Non-fatal deliberate self-harm in three remote Indigenous communities in Far North Queensland, Australia

Background: Indigenous Australians experience a suicide rate over twice that of the general population. With nonfatal deliberate self-harm (DSH) being the single most important risk factor for suicide, characterizing the incidence and repetition of DSH in this population is essential. Aims: To investigate the incidence and repetition of DSH in three remote Indigenous communities in Far North Queensland, […]

Monitoring mental health and suicide prevention reform: National Report 2022—Reflections on a journey of change

This Report is a collection of stories provided through an experience-informed lens. It assists the Commission to understand the impact of change and reform, linking the experience of the past 10 years with our Vision for the mental health and suicide prevention systems over the next 10 years. We asked participants three key questions to […]

Suicide prevention research priorities: Final report October 2022

Suicide continues to be a major public health challenge in Australia with significant individual, community, and societal impacts. Targeted and timely research efforts are essential to effectively address this challenge in a rapidly changing world. Building on our earlier research priority setting exercise conducted in 2017, the present project aimed to inform future priorities in […]

Which suicides are reported in the media and what makes them “newsworthy”?

Background: Media reporting of suicide has attracted public health attention because of its potential to trigger “copycat” acts. Aims: To determine the factors associated with an individual suicide featuring in the media. Method: We identified from the National Coroners Information System (NCIS) all suicides that occurred in Australia over a 1-year period and established those that were reported […]

Australia revises its mortality data on suicide

The accuracy of suicide statistics is far from being just an obsession for epidemiologists: It directly influences policy-making in mental and public health, planning and funding of preventative strategies,  and research reports. Community awareness and support services depend on reliable reporting, and determining the extent and costs of suicide is important for combating stigma and […]

Indigenous suicide rates in the United States, Australia and New Zealand between 2006 and 2019

Objective: Indigenous suicide prevention is an important focus for national health policies. Indigenous suicide rates in formerly colonial English-speaking countries such as the United States, Australia and New Zealand are considerably higher than the general population, particularly in young males. Given the similarities in their sociocultural history, a time series analysis was conducted to assess recent […]

Assessing the impact of suicide exclusion periods on life insurance

Background: We study the impact of suicide-exclusion periods, common in life insurance policies in Australia, on suicide and accidental death rates for life-insured individuals. If a life-insured individual dies by suicide during the period of suicide exclusion, commonly 13 months, the sum insured is not paid. Aims: We examine whether a suicide-exclusion period affects the timing of […]

Patterns of mental healthcare provision in rural areas: A demonstration study in Australia and Europe

Introduction: Mental healthcare systems are primarily designed to urban populations. However, the specific characteristics of rural areas require specific strategies, resource allocation, and indicators which fit their local conditions. This planning process requires comparison with other rural areas. This demonstration study aimed to describe and compare specialized rural adult mental health services in Australia, Norway, and […]

Demographic and psychosocial factors associated with recent suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among trans and gender diverse people in Australia

Introduction Correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among a large cross-section of trans and gender diverse populations in Australia were examined. Methods A national survey was conducted that included 1466 trans and gender diverse participants aged 18+ years. Multivariable regressions identified factors associated with recent suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Results Overall, 62.4% reported […]

An overview of Indigenous mental health and suicide prevention in Australia

Indigenous Australians have a holistic conceptualisation of health, mental health and wellbeing, outlined by the social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) framework. SEWB is affected by multiple, interconnected elements over the life  course. Mental health and suicide prevention programs that are framed using SEWB recognise that emotional wellbeing is comprised of a balance between 7 domains […]

The effectiveness of an Australian community suicide prevention networks program in preventing suicide: A controlled longitudinal study

Background Suicide is a major issue affecting communities around the world. Community-based suicide prevention approaches can tailor activities at a local level and are recognised as a key component of national suicide prevention strategies. Despite this, research exploring their effects on completed suicides is rare. This study examined the effect of a national program of […]

Exploring community-based suicide prevention in the context of rural Australia: A qualitative study

Suicide rates in rural communities are higher than in urban areas, and communities play a crucial role in suicide prevention. This study explores community-based suicide prevention using a qualitative research design. Semi-structured interviews and focus groups asked participants to explore community-based suicide prevention in the context of rural Australia. Participants recruited ((n = 37; ages 29–72, Mean = […]

Evaluation of a workplace suicide prevention program in the Australian manufacturing industry: Protocol for a cluster‑randomised trial of MATES in manufacturing

Males are at higher risk of death by suicide than females in Australia, and among men, blue-collar males are at higher risk compared to other working males. In response, MATES in Construction developed a workplace suicide prevention program for the construction sector in 2007 that has been widely implemented in Australia. In the current project, […]

A community-led suicide prevention initiative for young people in regional and rural Australia: The Live4Life model

Young people living in regional and rural areas of Australia are at an increased risk of suicide and have unique barriers and facilitators to seeking mental health support. As such, specific mental health and suicide prevention programmes that are tailored to young people within their communities are required. Despite this, peer-reviewed literature on such interventions […]

The impact of gender and age on bullying role, self-harm and suicide: Evidence from a cohort study of Australian children

There has been limited longitudinal investigation to date into the association between bullying, self-harm, and suicidality in Australia and the impact of specific demographic differences on this relationship. This is despite the continued rise in the incidence of bullying, self-harm, and suicide. As such, the current study draws on data from the Longitudinal Survey of […]