Evaluation of a workplace suicide prevention program in the Australian manufacturing industry: Protocol for a cluster‑randomised trial of MATES in manufacturing

Males are at higher risk of death by suicide than females in Australia, and among men, blue-collar males are at higher risk compared to other working males. In response, MATES in Construction developed a workplace suicide prevention program for the construction sector in 2007 that has been widely implemented in Australia. In the current project, […]

A community-led suicide prevention initiative for young people in regional and rural Australia: The Live4Life model

Young people living in regional and rural areas of Australia are at an increased risk of suicide and have unique barriers and facilitators to seeking mental health support. As such, specific mental health and suicide prevention programmes that are tailored to young people within their communities are required. Despite this, peer-reviewed literature on such interventions […]

The impact of gender and age on bullying role, self-harm and suicide: Evidence from a cohort study of Australian children

There has been limited longitudinal investigation to date into the association between bullying, self-harm, and suicidality in Australia and the impact of specific demographic differences on this relationship. This is despite the continued rise in the incidence of bullying, self-harm, and suicide. As such, the current study draws on data from the Longitudinal Survey of […]

Suicidal behaviors in the entertainment industry: A preliminary exploration of the interplay between work scheduling, social support, and wellbeing in Australia

Objective Workers of the Australian entertainment industry exhibit disproportionately high rates of impaired psychological wellbeing and suicidal behaviors, with such rates being exacerbated by the negative impact of working long and odd hours (Work Scheduling Impact; WSI). Nonetheless, stable and secure social support networks may buffer the risks associated with such systemic difficulties. Methods The […]

Calls to helplines in Australia following media reports of Robin Williams’ suicide

Objective In the United States, there was an increase in calls to helplines following media reporting of Robin Williams’ suicide. We aimed to determine whether this was the case in Australia. Method The helpline services Lifeline and Beyond Blue provided us with weekly data on calls received for 2013–2015. We conducted interrupted time series regression […]

Profiles of passive and active suicidal ideation and attempts among secondary school students in Australia: A cross-sectional analysis

Introduction: Suicide is a leading cause of death among young people (aged 15-24 years), and as such, identifying targets for early intervention is essential to reducing this risk. Using baseline data from a school-based universal suicide prevention trial, we investigate factors associated with different types of suicidal ideation in secondary school students with implications for youth […]

Suicide trends among Australian construction workers during years 2001–2019

In many Western countries, including Australia, construction workers have been identified as being at elevated risk of suicide compared to other workers. A variety of suicide prevention initiatives have been implemented and expanded to reduce suicide in this occupational group; however, the net effect of these is unknown. Using 19 years of national suicide data, this […]

State of the nation in suicide prevention: A survey of the suicide prevention sector

Suicide Prevention Australia has released findings from its third annual State of the Nation in Suicide Prevention survey. This year’s survey gathered information from 283 respondents from the suicide prevention sector about key issues for the sector and the community to inform Suicide Prevention Australia’s National Policy Platform and advocacy work.

Evidence of co-creation practices in suicide prevention in government policy: A directed and summative content analysis

Background In Australia, the collaborative involvement of stakeholders, especially those with lived experience in mental health and suicide prevention, has become important to government policy and practice at Federal and State levels. However, little is known about how governments translate this intention into frameworks of co-creation for policy, funding programs, service improvement, and research and […]

Suicide in the construction industry: 2001-2019. Report submitted to MATES in Construction by the University of Melbourne

Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in Australia. In 2020, 3139 Australians are known to have died by suicide and of these, more than three-quarters were male. Among Australian males in 2020, suicide was the 10th leading  cause of death (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2020a). A substantial proportion of males who die […]

Demographic and psychosocial factors associated with recent suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among lesbian, gay, bisexual, pansexual, queer, and asexual (LGBQ) people in Australia: Correlates of suicidality among LGBQ Australians

Introduction To examine demographic and psychosocial correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among a large cross-section of sexual orientation populations in Australia, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, pansexual, queer, and asexual (LGBQ) people. Methods A national survey was conducted involving 5,174 cisgender LGBQ participants aged 18+ years. Multivariable regressions identified factors associated with recent suicidal […]

The effect of a therapeutic smartphone application on suicidal ideation in young adults: Findings from a randomized controlled trial in Australia

Suicidal ideation is a major risk for a suicide attempt in younger people, such that reducing severity of ideation is an important target for suicide prevention. Smartphone applications present a new opportunity for managing ideation in young adults; however, confirmatory evidence for efficacy from randomized trials is lacking. The objective of this study was to […]

Guidance to support gender affirming care for mental health

Mental health support is something that people of all genders may need at some point in their lives. Nearly 1 in 5 people in Australia will experience some form of mental health condition in the next year, a number that is  expected to be even higher for trans and/or gender diverse people. This guide is […]

Admissions of children and adolescents with deliberate self-harm to intensive care during the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak in Australia

Importance  Identification of potential indirect outcomes associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in the pediatric population may be essential for understanding the challenges of the current global public health crisis for children and adolescents. Objective  To investigate whether the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak and subsequent effective public health measures in Australia were associated with an increase in admissions to intensive […]

Evaluation of outcomes for help seekers accessing a pilot SMS-based crisis intervention service in Australia

Background: In July 2018, Lifeline Australia launched Australia’s first short message service (SMS) crisis support service. Lifeline Text aims to reduce psychological distress and increase coping and social connectedness among help seekers, particularly those who prefer text-based communication. Aims: We aimed to independently evaluate the pilot SMS service over a 240-day period. Method: The service evaluation used operational data, pre […]

The gap between perceived mental health needs and actual service utilization in Australian adolescents

Despite being highly prevalent, adolescent mental health problems are undertreated. To better understand the mental health treatment gap, we assessed the prevalence and correlates of help seeking, including perceived need for care and access to that care. Data were drawn from Young Minds  Matter (YMM) survey—the second Australian child and adolescents survey of mental health […]

Coverage of Robin Williams’ suicide in Australian newspapers

Background: Australia’s Mindframe guidelines provide media professionals with advice on ways to safely report on suicide. Aims: We aimed to examine the extent to which Australian newspaper articles on Robin Williams’ suicide conformed to the Mindframe recommendations. Method: We searched Factiva for relevant articles appearing in Australian newspapers during the 5 months following Williams’ death on August 11, 2014. We retrieved […]

Understanding the context of suicides by older men compared with younger old men and women: An exploration of coronial data in Victoria, Australia

Background: The rate of suicide among men aged 85 years or older is the highest of any age or gender group in many countries, but little is known about their pathways to suicide. Aims: This study aimed to determine the context of suicide by men aged 85 years or older. Method: Data were extracted from the Victorian Suicide Register regarding […]

Implementation of a pilot SMS-based crisis support service in Australia: Staff experiences of supporting help-seekers via text

Background: Australia’s first short message service (SMS) crisis support service was launched by Lifeline Australia in July 2018. The pilot program was independently evaluated over a 240-day period. Aims: We aimed to examine the experiences of key staff employed in the Lifeline Text pilot and identify the skills and types of support required to deliver a high-quality SMS-based […]

The association between alcohol use disorder and suicidal ideation in a New Zealand birth cohort

Background: Alcohol use disorder is associated with increased suicide risk; however, both alcohol use disorder and suicide share risk factors which must be accounted for in order to understand this relationship. This study aimed to explore the longitudinal relationship between alcohol use disorder and suicidal ideation in adulthood, while accounting for both child background and […]

Suicide by young Australians, 2006–2015: A cross-sectional analysis of national coronial data

Objective To assess the demographic, social, and clinical characteristics of young Australians who die by suicide. Design Retrospective analysis of National Coronial Information System (NCIS) data. Setting, participants People aged 10–24 years who died by suicide in Australia during 2006–2015. Main outcome measures Demographic, social, and clinical characteristics of young people who died by suicide; […]

A safe place to talk: Participant experiences and community recommendations from an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth suicide prevention program (IN:

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people in Queensland die by suicide at more than four times the rate of their non-Indigenous peers. As the evidence of successful suicide prevention is limited, understanding effective mechanisms is crucial. The United Health Education and Learning Program (UHELP) pilot program evaluation found a significant decrease in Aboriginal and […]

State of the nation in suicide prevention: A survey of the suicide prevention sector

We designed the State of the Nation in Suicide Prevention survey to gather in-depth intelligence from our membership and the broader suicide prevention sector. As the Australian national peak body, it informs our role as a clear, collective voice for the sector and supports us to work towards our ambition of a world without suicide. […]