A survey of people with lived experience of suicide-related behavior in Queensland, Australia

Background: Many organizations provide support to people affected by suicide-related behavior, for example, those bereaved by suicide, those who have attempted suicide, and their informal carers. However, evidence regarding how well used, and acceptable, these resources are is lacking. Aims: To investigate the views about and experiences with support and resources of people with lived experience of suicide […]

Part IV: Intentional injury-related deaths, 2012-13. Chapter 6 – suicide. (In: Annual report: Deaths of children and young people, Queensland, 2012-13)

This section provides details of child deaths from suicide.

Seasonal differences in the day-of-the-week pattern of suicide in Queensland, Australia.

Various temporal patterns of suicide events, according to time of day, day of week, month and season, have been identified. However, whether different dimensions of time interact has not been investigated. Using suicide data from Queensland, Australia, this study aims to verify if there is an interaction effect between seasonal and day-of-the-week distribution. When seasonal […]

Mental disorders and communication of intent to die in indigenous suicide cases, Queensland, Australia.

In comparing Indigenous to non-Indigenous suicide in Australia, this study focussed on the frequency of the association between some psychiatric conditions, such as depression and alcohol abuse, and some aspect of suicidality, in particular communication of suicide intent. Logistic regression was implemented to analyze cases of Indigenous (n = 471) versus non-Indigenous suicides (n = […]

Spatial Distribution of Suicide in Queensland, Australia

This study examined the spatial distribution of suicide at a Local Governmental Area level & identified the areas with a high relative risk of suicide in Queensland, Australia, using geographical information system techniques. Data were collected on suicide & demographic variables in each area between 1999-2003 & an age-standarised mortality rate was calculated. Far north […]

Controlling Firearms use in Australia: has the 1996 gun law Reform Produced the Decrease in Rates of Suicide With This Method?

This study assessed the impact of 1997 legislative restrictions on the incidence of firearm suicide in Queensland & explored alternative or contributory factors behind observed declines. The observed reduction in firearms suicide was initiated prior to the National Firearms Agreement, with a clear decline observed in Australian figures from 1988. No significant difference was found […]

Reducing Youth Suicide in Queensland: Discussion Paper

This discussion paper examines youth suicide in Queensland. It opens with a description of the RYSQ (Reducing Youth Suicide in Queensland) project. Preliminary findings regarding risk factors & circumstances, age & gender, over-representation of Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islanders, & suicide clusters are presented. Approaches to preventing youth suicide are reviewed.

Building Bridges: Learning From the Experts. Building Bridges to Implement Successful Life Promotion and Suicide Prevention Expertise Across Aboriginal Communities

This report describes the implementation & findings of a community-based suicide prevention initiative. The project aimed to use the experience & knowledge of the Yarrabah community as a model for other indigenous communities for the establishment of effective & sustainable community-based approaches to building resilience, reducing suicide risk exposure, & reducing self-harm. An accompanying series […]

Building Bridges: Learning From the Experts. Building Bridges to Implement Successful Life Promotion and Suicide Prevention Expertise Across Aboriginal Communities. Evaluation Report

This report presents an evaluation of the Building Bridges program, discussing its appropriateness, effectiveness, & success. 5 questions were examined: What was the environment at the initiation of the project? How well does the intervention approach link to its objectives? How appropriate & effective were the activities undertaken in the communities? What else has occurred […]

Pathways to Resilience: Rural and Remote Indigenous Communities Suicide Prevention Initiative. Final Report

In September 2008, the Queensland government funded a rural & remote Indigenous communities suicide prevention project, Pathways to Resilience (P2R). A final evaluation of the project aimed to assess the completion of the project objectives, measure the immediate effects of the program, & identify the lessons learned along the way. 6 common themes related to […]

Post-Discharge Care in Psychiatric Patients at High-Risk of Suicide

The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of Intensive Case Management on outcomes for suicidal psychiatric patients in the post-discharge period, compared to Treatment as Usual. The intensive case management consisted of 2 primary components: weekly face-to-face case management & active telephone contact. Participants were adult male psychiatric patients drawn from the […]

A Reassessment of Suicide Measurement: Some Comparative PYLL-Based Trends in Queensland, Australia, 1920-2005

This paper applies 2 different methods of measuring suicide data: the conventional age-standardized suicide (count) rate & the alternative rate, potential years of life lost. Both measures were applied to suicide data for Queensland, Australia since 1920. The measures were also applied to deaths due to circulatory diseases, cancers, & motor vehicle accidents. The two […]

Suicide, Mental Illness, and Psychiatry in Queensland, 1890-1950

This paper examines the practice of institutional & community psychiatry in early twentieth-century Queensland. Several conclusions are reached. First, asylums responded to the diversity of illnesses by making case-based judgments about the duration of treatment & the possibility of paroles. Many suicidal patients were not locked up for long periods if their ailments showed promise […]

Comparing Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Problem Solving Therapy, and Treatment as Usual in a High Risk Population

Cognitive-behaviour therapy, problem-solving therapy, or treatment-as-usual were compared in the management of suicide attempters. Participants completed the Beck Hopelessness Scale, Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation, Social Problem-Solving Inventory, & Client Satisfaction Questionnaire at pre- & post-treatment. Both cognitive-behaviour therapy & problem-solving therapy indicated significant improvements over time within the majority of measured variables. When compared […]

Principles for Developing Organisational Policies and Protocols for Responding to Clients at Risk of Suicide and Self-Harm

Responding to People at Risk of Suicide

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Is IQ in Childhood Associated With Suicidal Thoughts and Attempts? Findings From the Mater University Study of Pregnancy and its Outcomes

This study explores associations of IQ at age 14 with adult symptoms of suicidal thoughts & attempts at age 21. Analysis was based on the Mater Univesity Study of Pregnancy & its outcomes, an Australian prospective birth cohort study started in Brisbane, Australia in 1991. Associations with suicide thoughts, plans, & attempts were assessed. In […]

Who Uses Firearms as a Means of Suicide? A Population Study Exploring Firearm Accessibility and Method Choice

This study explored factors which may impact the choice of firearms as a suicide method, including current licence possession & previous history of legal access. Detailed information on all Queensland suicides (1997-2004) was obtained with additional information gathered on firearm licence history. A logistic regression identified factors signficant in those most likely to use firearms […]

Preliminary Spatiotemporal Analysis of the Association Between Socio-Environmental Factors and Suicide

This study examined the association of climate, socioeconomic, & demographic factors with suicide in Queensland, Australia using a spatiotemporal approach. Seasonal data on suicide, demographic variables, & socioeconomic indexes for areas in each Local Government Area between 1999-2003 were acquired. A multvariable generalized estimating equation model was used to examine the impact of socio-environmental factors […]

Attempting Suicide and Help-Seeking Behaviours: Using Stories From Young People to Inform Social Work Practice

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Finding Answers to Suicide Within Aboriginal Communities: The Yarrabah Story

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Communication of Suicide Intent by Schizophrenic Subjects: Data From the Queensland Suicide Register

The Queensland Suicide Register was used to identify suicide cases. Frequency of suicide communication was examined in subjects with schizophrenia, & compared with persons with other psychiatric conditions & with subjects with no reported diagnosis. Subjects with a reported diagnosis of schizophrenia comprised 7.2% (135 cases) of the 1,863 suicides included in this study. Subjects […]

Correlates of Suicide in Building Industry Workers

The incidence & causes of suicide in the construction industry in Queensland were examined using psychological autopsy & focus group investigations. A total of 64 male suicides occurred over a 7-year period, representing a crude suicide rate of 40.3 per 100,000, significantly greater than the working age Australian male rate. Young employess were at excessive […]