Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy With Suicidal Patients (IN: Assessment, Treatment, and Prevention of Suicidal Behavior, edited by R I Yufit & D Lester)

The goals of this chapter are: to review research on cognitive factors associated with suicidal risk, & to discuss evidence for the efficacy of cognitive-behavioural interventions for treating suicidal patients. Outcome studies have focused on the use of problem-solving strategies leading to a call for research on the effectiveness of other cognitive-behavioural strategies, including those […]

Accounting for Accountability: a Discourse Analysis of Psychiatric Nurses’ Experience of a Patient Suicide

This article explores how 2 psychiatric nurses construct & orient to accountability when talking of their experiences of a patient suicide. Discourse analysis was used to explore particular phrases that the nurses oriented to in their accounts: scene setting, risk assessment, attributing for the suicide. Findings highlight the different, sometimes contradictory, ways the nurses attended […]

Attributional Style as a Diathesis in Predicting Depression, Hopelessness, and Suicide Ideation in College Students

Attributional style was examined as a diathesis for depression, hopelessness, & suicide ideation. A naturalistic stressor – obtaining a D or F on an Introductory Psychology exam – was used in a longitudinal design to test for the effects of stress in predicting these criteria. Controlling for preexam levels, prestress attributional style was consistently related […]

Optimistic Explanatory Style as a Moderator of the Association Between Negative Life Events and Suicide Ideation

This study examines the moderating effect of explanatory style on the relationship between negative life experiences & suicide ideation in a college student sample. A total of 138 participants completed a self-report psychosocial assessment. Optimistic explanatory style mitigated the influence of negative & potentially traumatic life events on thoughts of suicide, above & beyond the […]

Cognitive Style and Suicidal Behavior (In: Suicide: Strategies and Interventions for Reduction and Prevention, ed. by S Palmer


Psychometric Properties and Correlates of the Lester-Bean Attribution of Causes to Suicide Scale (German Form)

Psychometric properties & correlates of the German form of Lester & Bean’s 1992 Attribution of Causes to Ssuicide Scale were investigated in a sample of 156 Austrians. The three attributional dimensions presented moderate internal consistencies & the 18 items appeared to be factorially orderly, as indicated by exploratory factor analysis. Previous results were replicated, with […]

Testing Three Competing Hypotheses for Explaining Lethal Violence

This study tests 3 competing hypotheses for explaining lethal violence that is conceptualized as the combination of suicide & homicide. The hypotheses differ on how lethal violence can be expressed as suicide or homicide. Suicide & homicide data from 1989-1991 were obtained from the Multiple Cause of Death Study. A bivariate analysis shows there is […]

Lay Theories of Suicide Among Austrian Psychology Undergraduates

Lester & Bean’s (1992) Attribution of Causes to Suicide Scale guages lay theories of suicide including intrapsychic problems, interpersonal conflicts, & societal forces as causes. Using its German form, no sex differences & no social-desirability effects were found in a sample of 165 Austrian psychology undergraduates. All 3 subscales were moderately intercorrelated indicating respondents’ general […]

Interpersonal Reactions to Suicide Attempt: the Role of Respondent Causal Attributions

Interpersonal responses to a depressed person with or without a suicide attempt were examined. It was hypothesized that the depressed person who attempted suicide would receive higher negative attributions & interpersonal rejection, & that attributions would mediate the relationship between exposure to a depressed person & rejection. Contrary to the hypotheses, respondents were more willing […]

Lay Theories of Suicide: an Examination of Culturally Relevant Suicide Beliefs and Attributions Among African Americans and European Americans

This study examines African Americans’ lay beliefs & attributions towards suicide. Questionnaires were administered to 251 undergraduates. Beliefs about stigma associated with suicide were comparable across ethnic groups. However, African American students were significantly less likely than European American students were to attribute suicide to interpersonal problems & to report the individual or government is […]

Explaining Changes in the Patterns of Black Suicide in the United States From 1981 to 2002: an age, Cohort, and Period Analysis

To explore the different trends of suicide among Blacks & possible contributing factors, this study compared national epidemiologic data in the USA from 1981-2002. Cohort effects were found for males & females, suggesting that younger generations of Blacks are at higher risk. If younger cohorts carry their increased suicide risk into later life, the recent […]

Youth Suicide Risk Factors and Attitudes in New York and Vienna: A Cross-Cultural Comparison


Writing Characteristics of Suicidal People on the Internet: a Psychological Investigation of Emerging Social Environments

Cognitive Factors Related to Suicidal Ideation and Resolution in Psychiatrically Hospitalized Children and Adolescents


Social-Psychological Underpinnings of the Integrated Model (IN: The Currents of Lethal Violence: an Integrated Model of Suicide & Homicide, ed. by Unnithan et al)


Parasuicide: Cognitive Vulnerability, Future Directed Thinking and Perfectionism

Published in “Suicide Risk & Protective Factors in the New Millennium,” ed. by O T Grad

Problematizing Depression: Young People, Mental Health and Suicidal Behaviours

This article presents discussive analyses of discussions of the contributions of depression to the suicidal behaviours of young people in New Zealand. Two dominant discourses of depression are presented: a medicalised discourse, & a moral discourse. Both are compared & contrasted throughout the article, & their implications are discussed. (31 refs)

Religiosity, Attributional Style, and Social Support as Psychosocial Buffers for African American and White Adolescents’ Perceived Risk for Suicide

Psychosocial buffers were evaluated for their relative contributions to adolescents’ perceived risk for suicide. African American & White adolescents rated the likelihood that they would die by suicide & were measured for standardised buffers. Orthodoxy – commitment to core beliefs – emerged as the single strongest correlate after controlling for the effects of other buffers. […]

Gender, Attributional Styles, and Direction of Lethal Violence: a Partial Test of an Integrated Model of Suicide and Homicide

The present study is a partial test of the N. P. Unnithan et al (1994) integrated model of suicide & homicide, focusing specifically on gender differences in the suicide-to-homicide ratio (SHR). Using aggregate national suicide & homicide rates for the years 1979 through 1997, SHRs & lethal violence rates (LVRs) are calculated & compared by […]