Suicidal attempt in adolescents with major depressive disorder

Aim: In this study, we aimed to assess the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of adolescents diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD), with and without suicide attempts, as well as to investigate the factors predicting suicide attempts. Materials and Methods: This study included 151 adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years, who were diagnosed with MDD […]

Predicting suicide attempts among Norwegian adolescents without using suicide-related items: A machine learning approach

Introduction: Research on the classification models of suicide attempts has predominantly depended on the collection of sensitive data related to suicide. Gathering this type of information at the population level can be challenging, especially when it pertains to adolescents. We addressed two main objectives: (1) the feasibility of classifying adolescents at high risk of attempting suicide […]

WHO policy brief on the health aspects of decriminalization of suicide and suicide attempts

Reducing the global suicide mortality rate by a third by 2030 is a target of both the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the WHO Global Mental Health Action Plan. However, an impediment to meeting this goal is the fact that suicide and suicide attempts remain illegal in at least 23 countries worldwide. Decriminalization of suicide […]

Hospital admissions due to suicide attempts during the COVID-19 pandemic, a 3-year longitudinal study

The appearance of the SARS CoV-2 virus and the associated COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with the onset of mental disorders in healthy people and the worsening in those with pre-existing mental conditions. One of the areas that has raised the greatest concern is that of suicidality. Most of the published studies have been carried […]

The burden of attempted hanging and drowning presenting to hospitals in Ireland between 2007 and 2019: A national registry‑based study

Purpose: To measure the impact of hospital-treated self-harm by hanging and drowning in Ireland in 2007-2019 and identify risk factors for these methods of self-harm. Method: Data on all self-harm presentations to Irish hospitals between 2007 and 2019 were obtained from the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland, a national self-harm surveillance system. Multinomial regression was used to explore […]

Suicide attempts in French Polynesia during the era of COVID-19: A prospective analysis over three years

Background Past studies in French Polynesia have identified suicide as a significant concern, with a measured annual incidence of 79.4 attempts per 100,000 population during 2008–2010. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, a monitoring system was established to track and investigate suicide attempts (SA). Methods A prospective study was conducted between April 2020 and March […]

Multiple attempt suicide survivors: A constant comparative analysis

Suicide is the most serious mental health crisis, being the second leading cause of death after accidents in those under the age of 34. As a secondary analysis of a grounded theory study, unlike studies previous, this constant comparative analysis seeks to assess differences in those who attempt suicide multiple times versus those who merely […]

Prevention of re-attempt suicide through brief contact interventions: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression of randomized controlled trials

Brief contact intervention (BCI) is a low-cost intervention to prevent re-attempt suicide. This meta-analysis and meta-regression study aimed to evaluate the effect of BCI on re-attempt prevention following suicide attempts (SAs). We systematically searched using defined keywords in MEDLINE, Embase, and Scopus up to April, 2023. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were eligible for inclusion […]

One-week suicide risk prediction using real-time smartphone monitoring: Prospective cohort study

Background Suicide is a major global public health issue that is becoming increasingly common despite preventive efforts. Though current methods for predicting suicide risk are not sufficiently accurate, technological advances provide invaluable tools with which we may evolve toward a personalized, predictive approach. Objective We aim to predict the short-term (1-week) risk of suicide by […]

Modelling the cost-effectiveness of brief aftercare interventions following hospital-treated self-harm

Background: Prior self-harm represents the most significant risk factor for future self-harm or suicide. Aim: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a theoretical brief aftercare intervention (involving brief follow-up contact, care coordination and safety planning), following a hospital-treated self-harm episode, for reducing repeated self-harm within the Australian context. Method: We employed economic modelling techniques to undertake: […]

Interventions for people who have attempted suicide and their family members: A systematic review

Following a suicide attempt, components of aftercare can include efforts to reduce suicidal behavior (i.e., suicide, attempt, or ideation) of a person who has attempted suicide and facilitate the psychosocial adjustment of the patient and their family members. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of key outcomes was to synthesize the existing evidence […]

Factors associated with suicide attempt risk in adolescent inpatient psychiatric care: Toward a practical model

Suicide is an important social and medical problem, particularly among children and adolescents. The aim of the study was to determine the association of the psychiatric diagnosis and selected psychosocial factors with the risk of suicide attempts among patients of an adolescent psychiatric unit. A retrospective analysis was performed on a database of consecutive N = 1311 patients […]

Exposure to alcohol outlets and risk of suicidal behavior in a Swedish cohort of young adults

Background: Greater alcohol accessibility, for example in the form of a high density of alcohol outlets or low alcohol taxation rates, may be associated with increased risk of suicidal behavior. However, most studies have been conducted at the aggregate level, and some have not accounted for potential confounders such as socioeconomic position or neighborhood quality. Methods: In […]

Characteristics and related factors of suicide attempts among patients admitted to an Iranian poisoning center: Implications for suicide prevention

Background: Suicide is a major public health concern worldwide. Iran is no exception, with suicide rates increasing in recent years. Understanding the characteristics and related factors of suicide attempts can help inform suicide prevention efforts in Iran. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on patients who attempted suicide and were admitted to the poisoning emergency […]

Association rule mining of real-world data: Uncovering links between race, glycemic control, lipid profiles, and suicide attempts in individuals with diabetes

Aims: The increased risk of suicide among individuals with diabetes is a significant public health concern. However, few studies have focused on understanding the relationship between suicide attempts and diabetes. Association rule mining (ARM) is a data  mining technique to discover a set of high-risk factors of a given disease. Therefore, this study aimed to […]

Are false positives in suicide classification models a risk group? Evidence for “true alarms” in a population-representative longitudinal study of Norwegian adolescents

Introduction: False positives in retrospective binary suicide attempt classification models are commonly attributed to sheer classification error. However, when machine learning suicide attempt classification models are trained with a multitude of psycho-socio-environmental factors and achieve high accuracy in suicide risk assessment, false positives may turn out to be at high risk of developing suicidal behavior or […]

An exploration of suicidal ideation and attempts, and care use and unmet need among suicide‑ideators in a Belgian population study

Background Suicidal ideation, or thinking about death and suicide, is common across all layers of society. The aim of this paper is to add to the understanding of suicidal ideation in the general population, as well as help-seeking behaviors and perceived unmet mental health needs among those who report suicidal thoughts. Methods The research is […]

Correlation between negative life events and suicide attempts among Yi adolescents with HIV/AIDS in Liangshan Prefecture

Objective: To investigate the incidence of suicide attempts among adolescents with HIV/AIDS in Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province, as well as the correlation between negative life events, sleep, exercise, drug therapy and suicide attempts. Methods: A total of 180 Yi adolescents aged 11–19 years with HIV/AIDS in a county of Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China, were […]

Analyzing trends in suicide attempts among the pediatric population in the United States: A study using CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) database

Background: Suicide is a significant public health concern among the pediatric population in the United States. This study aims to comprehensively analyze suicide attempts among adolescents using data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) maintained by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Methods: The pediatric population of grades 9-12 students (13-17 […]

Multiple sclerosis and suicide attempts: A review including a meta-analysis of prevalence

Background. Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating disorder, and persons diagnosed with multiple sclerosis have a shorter life expectancy than the general population. Recent meta-analyses have examined the association between MS and suicide and between MS and suicidal ideation. The objective of the present review was to examine if MS is associated with a […]

Impact of emotional state and suicidal intentions on suicide attempts among Korean adolescents with household financial difficulties following the outbreak of COVID-19: A cross-sectional study

The recent prolonged coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic has brought an economic crisis to various households, leading to negative mental health such as depression, anxiety, traumatic distress, and suicide risk among adolescents. Adolescents with household financial difficulties due to the coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic show high suicidal tendencies and attempts such as suicidal ideation and plans, their suicidal […]

An exploratory analysis of the factors influencing the decision to use poisoning as a suicide method and awareness of potential health risks: A qualitative study

Background: Self-poisoning, a method often chosen for near-fatal suicide attempts, substantially increases the risk of eventual suicide and necessitates hospitalization due to chemical-induced health impairment. However, there is a dearth of studies investigating the choice of self-poisoning in near-fatal suicide attempts and the cognizance of potential non-lethal risks. Objective: The present study aims to explore the factors […]

Psychological distress, self-harm and suicide attempts in gender minority compared with cisgender adolescents in the UK

Background: Few population-based studies have compared the mental health of gender minority and cisgender adolescents. Aims: To compare reports of psychological distress, behavioural and emotional difficulties, self-harm and suicide attempts between gender minority and cisgender adolescents. Method: Data came from the Millennium Cohort Study (n = 10 247), a large nationally representative birth cohort in the UK. At a […]