A clearer understanding of risk factors for suicidal behavior among soldiers is of principal importance to military suicide prevention. It is unclear whether soldiers who attempt suicide and those who die by suicide have different patterns of risk factors. As such, preventive efforts aimed toward reducing suicide attempts and suicides, respectively, may require different strategies. […]
The aim of this study was to identify risk factors distinguishing inmates who attempt suicide from inmates who complete suicide. Compared with attempters, completers tended to be older, male, more educated, and married or separated/divorced; pretrial, committed for a violent crime, incarcerated in jail, housed in an inpatient mental health unit or protective custody setting, […]
Last suicide attempt before completed suicide in severe depression: An extended suicidal process may be found in men rather than women.
Journal copy held in CSP Library.
Suicide attempters and completers may represent different but overlapping groups of distressed individuals. Although depression is related to an increased risk of suicide, the presence of depression may not discriminate suicide attempters from completers. The present study compared suicide attempters and suicide completers on symptoms of depression, the presence of suicide-related variables and stressful life […]
Journal is held in the CSP library.
Possible association between suicide committed under influence of ethanol and a variant in the AUTS2 gene.
This study identified time trends & demographic differences in the occurrence of nonfatal suicide attempts versus suicides in Amsterdam. Registrations of forensic physicians & ambulance services were used to study 1,004 suicides & 6,166 nonfatal attempts over the period 1996-2005. The number of nonfatal attempts declined from 1996 to 2005, but the number of suicides […]
This paper explores whether theories of completed suicide are applicable to attempted suicide. It is concluded that theories are needed which apply specifically to attempted suicide, & suggestions are made for sociological & psychological theories of attempted suicide. (32 refs.)
A prospective study was conducted to analyse the spectrum of suicide attempters & completers at Kasturba Hospital in Manipal, India from January 2001-December 2004. There was a total sample of 246 cases, 90 of whom died & 156 who survived their attempt. Men outnumbered women in those who died & more women survived than men. […]
This study evaluated some variables related to suicide & compared these variables between people who attempted suicide & those who died by suicide during 1992-2005 in Ilam province, Iran. Through retrospective study, all data related to 2,854 people who died by suicide were investigated in detail. Among 2,845 suicide records, 61.6% were female & the […]
This study assessed the proportion of survivors of railway suicide & compared survivors & decedents in terms of personal characteristics & temporal patterns to identify potential differences. A total of 5731 suicide victims listed in the German central railway registry of person accidents over the period 1997-2002 & satisfying an operational definition of suicidal behaviour […]
Law Enforcement Suicide: Psychological Autopsies and Psychometric Traces (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)
This chapter examines the presuicide behavioural patterns of officers who died by suicide, along with their pre-employment psychological profile. Findings are compared with a small sample of other officers who have threatened suicide. Themes apparent from the examination of psychological autopsies are discussed as possible unseen warning signs of self-destructive behaviour. Psychometric data obtained from […]
Research Project Comparing Suicide Mortality Cases and Suicide Attempts in New Brunswick Between April 2002 and May 2003
Text is available in French & English.
To determine the factors underlying suicide in Akita Prefecture, a questionnaire survey was conducted among members of the Akita Prefectural Medical Association. From July 2001-June 2002, 138 suicides & 105 suicide attempts were attended. Significant differences were identified between the completed & attempted suicide groups in terms of gender, age, & methods. Furthermore, the number […]
This research has content-analyzed 40 suicide notes (20 by those who died by suicide & 20 by suicide attempters) & found strong support for the strain theory of suicide. Although little difference is found in the number & pattern of strains between the completers & attempters, both groups have many aspirations & coping strains & […]
Violent and Nonviolent Methods of Suicide: Different Patterns may be Found in men and Women With Severe Depression
This study investigated violent & nonviolent suicidal acts in men & women with severe depression. The records of 98 Swedish suicide victims admitted to hospital between 1956-1969 were evaluated. Subjects were monitored up to 1998. The female group displayed a significant linear trend for nonviolent completed suicide after one suicide attempt, & even more significantly, […]