Suicide attempt aftercare in geriatric patients: A pilot project

Hospitalized patients after suicide attempts gave informed consent to a postvention project after discharge. A continuous caregiver contacted the subjects monthly by phone for a period of 1 year. In case of significant worsening and reoccurrence of suicidal ideations, immediate re-admission was possible. Ten subjects 65 years and older and hospitalized because of suicide attempts were […]

Reasons to stay alive

Like nearly one in five people, Matt Haig suffers from depression. Reasons to Stay Alive is Matt’s inspiring account of how, minute by minute and day by day, he overcame the disease with the help of reading, writing, and the love of his parents and his girlfriend (and now-wife), Andrea. And eventually, he learned to appreciate life […]

Evaluation of an intensive suicide-reattempt-prevention programme based on problem-solving therapy in a catchment area of 430,000 people in Madrid, Spain

Background. Suicide prevention is a primary goal of mental health care, and a past history of suicide attempts is considered a high-risk factor for subsequent attempts. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive suicide-reattempt-prevention program (ISRPP) in a health catchment area of 430.000 inhabitants. Methods. A 12-month follow-up study was conducted with […]

Why are women more likely to attempt suicide than men? Analysis of lifetime suicide attempts among US adults in a nationally representative sample

Objective While it is well-known that women are more likely to attempt suicide than men, little is known about risk and protective factors underlying this difference. Methods Using data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Wave III (NESARC-III), we compared women and men with and without self-reported lifetime suicide attempts to identify sociodemographic, […]

Suicidal vulnerability in older adults and the elderly: Study based on risk variables

Background: Predicting suicidal vulnerability based on previous risk factors remains a challenge for mental health professionals, especially in specific subpopulations. Aims: This study aimed to use structural equation modelling to assess which sociodemographic and clinical variables are most predictive and modulating of repeated self-injury or reattempts at suicide in older adults and the elderly with […]

“All I need is someone to talk to”: Evaluating DISCHARGED suicide peer support

Alternatives to Suicide is a different and emerging approach to the suicide prevention paradigm, utilising peer support groups to focus on connection and relationship-building. The groups are a space where people can share  openly and authentically about their suicidal thoughts and feelings, without fear of a clinical intervention. This research project evaluated the impact experienced […]

Suicidal ideation and behaviors among Irish Travellers presenting for emergency care: Ethnicity as a risk factor

Background: Suicide is a serious problem in the Traveller community, with rates estimated at 11%: over 6 times that of the general population. Aims: We aimed to establish the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation (SI) and self-harm (SH) among Irish Travellers. Method: This was an observational cross-sectional cohort study of patients presenting with SH and SI to a tertiary […]

Measuring the quality of care received by suicide attempters in the emergency department

Abstract Audits conducted on medical records have been traditionally used in hospitals to assess and improve quality of medical care but have yet to be properly integrated and used for suicide prevention purposes. We aimed to (1) revise a quality of care grid and adapt it to an adult population of suicide attempters and (2) […]

‘The last thing you feel is the self-disgust’ the role of self-directed disgust in men who have attempted suicide: A grounded theory study

Objective: Globally, suicide affects more men than women. Emotional pain underpins many theoretical accounts of suicidality, yet little is known about the role of disgust in suicide. Self-directed disgust, whereby aspects of the self-serve as an object of disgust, has been hypothesised to factor in suicide. This research aimed to explore the processes which link self-disgust […]

Suicide attempt survivors’ recommendations for improving mental health treatment for attempt survivors

Research indicates that connection to mental health care services and treatment engagement remain challenges among suicide attempt survivors. One way to improve suicide attempt survivors’ experiences with mental health care services is to elicit suggestions directly from attempt survivors regarding how to do so. This study aimed to identify and synthesize suicide attempt survivors’ recommendations […]

How do sexual and gender minority people acquire the capability for suicide? Voices from survivors of near-fatal suicide attempts

Despite well-documented disparities by sexual and gender minority (SGM) status in suicide attempt and mortality rates, few studies have investigated the lived experiences that contribute to SGM people’s disproportionate risk of suicide. Having a history of at least one near-fatal (or medically serious) suicide attempt serves as a proxy for suicide mortality, but no known […]

Future well-being among United States youth who attempted suicide and survived

To what extent does a suicide attempt impair a person’s future well-being? We estimated the prevalence of future well-being (FWB) among suicide attempt survivors using a nationally representative sample of 15,170 youths. Suicide  attempt survivors were classified as having high FWB if they reported 1) a suicide attempt at Wave I; 2) no suicidal ideation […]

A longitudinal study of suicide and suicide attempt in northwest Iran: Incidence, predictors, and socio-economic status and the role of sociocultural status.

Background: A detailed community-level understanding of socioeconomic status (SES) and sociocultural status (SCS) of suicides and suicide attempters (SAs) in a prospective design could have significant implications for policymakers at the local prevention and treatment levels. The effect of SCS and SES on SAs is poorly understood and investigated in Iran. The present study aimed […]

“In the moment I wanted to kill myself, and then after I didn’t”: A qualitative investigation of suicide planning, method choice, and method substitution among adolescents hospitalized following a suicide attempt

Research on planning, method choice, and method substitution in adolescents’ suicide attempts is limited. We conducted in-depth interviews with 20 adolescents following their suicide attempt to learn the extent to which the attempt was planned, why they used the method they did, and whether they would have substituted another method if the one they used […]

“Nobody hears a silent cry for help”: Suicide attempt survivors’ experiences of disclosing during and after a crisis

Suicide remains an important public health issue across the globe. Until recently the medically dominated field of suicide prevention has neglected first-hand accounts of suicidal thoughts and behaviors from those who have survived prior suicide attempts. This qualitative research provides insight into the experience of suicide attempt, highlighting difficulties with disclosure of suicidal thinking prior […]

Youth exposure to suicide attempts: Relative impact on personal trauma symptoms

Introduction: The purpose of this study is to report the prevalence of youth lifetime exposure to suicide attempts by people close to them, and its association with personal nonvictimization adversities, suicidal ideation, thoughts of self-harm, and trauma symptoms. Methods: Data were collected as part of the National Surveys of Children’s Exposure to Violence, comprising three cross-sectional studies […]

Seasonal trends in hospitalization of attempted suicide and self-inflicted injury in United States adults

Introduction Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States (US) and the prevalence continues to increase. It is estimated that there is an average of 25 attempted suicides for every suicide death in the US, and the economic burden of suicide and attempted suicide is high. Identification of those at risk […]

Predictors of psychiatric outpatient adherence after an emergency room visit for a suicide attempt

Objective This study aimed to investigate the potential correlation between baseline characteristics of individuals visiting an emergency room for a suicide attempt and subsequent psychiatric outpatient treatment adherence. Methods Medical records of 525 subjects, who visited an emergency room at a university-affiliated hospital for a suicide attempt between January 2017 and December 2018 were retrospectively […]

Back from the brink: The experience of hospital after a suicide attempt, and what happens when you go home

Key proponents of suicide prevention around the world have been calling for research to focus on people who have survived a suicide attempt in the belief that people with this experience are an important but neglected source of information, with a great deal to contribute to the field of suicidology. This paper concerns the period […]

Suicide attempt following sickness absence and disability pension due to common mental disorders: A prospective Swedish twin study

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate if sickness absence and disability pension (SA/DP) in general and due to specific common mental disorders (CMDs) are associated with subsequent suicide attempt among women and men by taking familial factors (genetics and shared environment) into consideration. Methods: This register-based cohort study includes 4871 twin pairs 18-65 years […]

The self-stigma of suicide attempt survivors

Although suicide attempt survivors report feelings of shame and stigmatization, no published scale measures self-stigma experienced by attempt survivors. This article describes the creation and validation the Self-Stigma of Suicide Attempt Scale (SSSAS). In this study, the SSSAS was validated in an online sample (n = 292) of suicide attempt survivors. Results supported the progressive model of […]

Effect of assertive case management intervention on suicide attempters with comorbid Axis I and II psychiatric diagnoses: Secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial

Background Most suicide attempters suffer from psychiatric disorders, which are often comorbid with personality disorders. The effects of intervention on patients who have attempted suicide with comorbid Axis I and II diagnoses have not been fully elucidated. We evaluated whether assertive case management can reduce the repetition of suicidal behaviours in patients who had attempted […]

Suicide attempts in Chinese Han patients with schizophrenia: Cognitive, demographic, and clinical variables

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the lifetime suicide attempt rate, clinical characteristics and cognitive function of Chinese patients with chronic schizophrenia who had attempted suicide. Methods: We collected data from 908 schizophrenia inpatients about suicide attempts through interviews with the patients and their families, as well as through medical records. All […]