Perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness in text messages of suicide attempt survivors

Objective: Perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness are considered interpersonal risk factors for suicide. Examining these themes in personal text messages may help identify proximal suicide risk. Method: Twenty-six suicide attempt survivors provided personal text messages and reported dates for past periods characterized by positive mood, depressed mood, suicidal ideation (with no attempt), or the two-week period leading […]

“Suicide can’t always be prevented, but it can be postponed”: Lived experiences of providing care and support to people who suicide attempt, and those who have gone on to die by suicide. A report for the National Suicide Prevention Advisor and Suicide Prevention Taskforce.

This report is drawn from the analysis of two datasets; 1) University of New England, Lived Experience of Suicide Study (2019-2020) and 2) a collaborative project between the University of New England and SANE Australia – the Better Support project (2017-2020). Each dataset is analysed through the lens of seeking to understand the carer experience, […]

Poor treatment response in panic disorder patients with suicide attempts and the symptom network characteristics

Background. Panic disorder (PD) is associated with suicidality. Depression has been suggested as a link between PD and suicide; however, this remains controversial. Comprehensive research on the history of suicide attempt (SA) in patients with PD is scarce. We investigated the clinical characteristics of SA in patients with PD using PD-related assessments and network approaches. Methods. […]

Special considerations for telling your own story: Best practices for presentations by suicide loss and suicide attempt survivors

This document outlines best practices for suicide loss and suicide attempt survivors who are considering sharing their story with the public. The best practices were created by a group of experts in the suicide prevention community and include information on: assessing readiness to speak; considering family reactions and potential social ramifications; resources for safe messaging; […]

Predictors of caregiver burden among carers of suicide attempt survivors

Background: Family members often provide informal care following a suicide attempt. Carers may be vulnerable to caregiver burden. Yet, little is known about what contributes to this. Aims: To determine the predictors of caregiver burden in those carers who support people who have attempted suicide. Method: An online survey of 435 participants assessed exposure to suicide, caring behaviors, and psychological […]

Effectiveness of a targeted brief intervention for recent suicide attempt survivors: A randomised controlled trial protocol

Introduction: Effective, brief, low-cost interventions for suicide attempt survivors are essential to saving lives and achieving the goals of the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention and Zero Suicide. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of the Attempted Suicide Short Intervention Program (ASSIP) in averting suicide reattempts in the United States healthcare system, its psychological […]

A one-year follow-up study of treatment-compliant suicide attempt survivors: relationship of CYP2D6-CYP2C19 and polypharmacy with suicide reattempts

This study of a cohort of 1-year treatment-compliant survivors of a suicide attempt examined for the first time whether a high CYP2D6-CYP2C19 metabolic capacity (pharmacogenes related to psychopathology, suicide, and attempt severity) and/or polypharmacy treatments predicted repeat suicide attempts, adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical factors as confounders. Of the 461 (63% women) consecutively hospitalized patients who attempted […]

Surviving suicide: The realities faced by suicide survivors

Suicide survivors are oftentimes overlooked within the scope of suicide studies, however, it is just as crucial to gain a better understanding of the transition from suicide ideation, to long-term recovery, and in that vein, this study will attempt to examine these transitional thought processes utilizing IPA. In-depth interviews of 19 Malaysian survivors of suicide, […]

Anticipated suicide stigma, secrecy, and suicidality among suicide attempt survivors

Objective Suicidal behavior is stigmatized, and suicide attempt survivors often keep their experiences secret. Although secrecy can protect from discrimination, research from related fields suggests that both the experience of stigma and secrecy can contribute to suicidality. Although suicide attempt survivors are at high risk for reattempt, research investigating the link between suicide stigma and […]

Brief cognitive-based psychosocial intervention and case management for suicide attempters discharged from the emergency department in Taipei, Taiwan: A randomized controlled study

Objective We examined the effectiveness of brief cognitive-based psychotherapy plus standard case management in the prevention of further suicide attempts, clinical severity, and treatment adherence in a randomized clinical trial compared with standard case management. Method Among five hundred and ninety-seven patients presenting with suicide attempts, 147 participants were included. They were randomized into two […]

Development and psychometric properties of the Functioning and Recovery Scale: A new measure to assess psychosocial functioning after a suicide attempt

Objective Few measures have been developed to assess the efficacy of community-based suicide prevention and recovery services. The current study aimed to develop a scale to provide accurate assessment and monitoring of functional recovery for people following a recent suicide attempt at The Way Back Support Service in Australia. Method The study was conducted in […]

Suicide attempt aftercare in geriatric patients: A pilot project

Hospitalized patients after suicide attempts gave informed consent to a postvention project after discharge. A continuous caregiver contacted the subjects monthly by phone for a period of 1 year. In case of significant worsening and reoccurrence of suicidal ideations, immediate re-admission was possible. Ten subjects 65 years and older and hospitalized because of suicide attempts were […]

Reasons to stay alive

Like nearly one in five people, Matt Haig suffers from depression. Reasons to Stay Alive is Matt’s inspiring account of how, minute by minute and day by day, he overcame the disease with the help of reading, writing, and the love of his parents and his girlfriend (and now-wife), Andrea. And eventually, he learned to appreciate life […]

Evaluation of an intensive suicide-reattempt-prevention programme based on problem-solving therapy in a catchment area of 430,000 people in Madrid, Spain

Background. Suicide prevention is a primary goal of mental health care, and a past history of suicide attempts is considered a high-risk factor for subsequent attempts. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive suicide-reattempt-prevention program (ISRPP) in a health catchment area of 430.000 inhabitants. Methods. A 12-month follow-up study was conducted with […]

Why are women more likely to attempt suicide than men? Analysis of lifetime suicide attempts among US adults in a nationally representative sample

Objective While it is well-known that women are more likely to attempt suicide than men, little is known about risk and protective factors underlying this difference. Methods Using data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Wave III (NESARC-III), we compared women and men with and without self-reported lifetime suicide attempts to identify sociodemographic, […]

Suicidal vulnerability in older adults and the elderly: Study based on risk variables

Background: Predicting suicidal vulnerability based on previous risk factors remains a challenge for mental health professionals, especially in specific subpopulations. Aims: This study aimed to use structural equation modelling to assess which sociodemographic and clinical variables are most predictive and modulating of repeated self-injury or reattempts at suicide in older adults and the elderly with […]

“All I need is someone to talk to”: Evaluating DISCHARGED suicide peer support

Alternatives to Suicide is a different and emerging approach to the suicide prevention paradigm, utilising peer support groups to focus on connection and relationship-building. The groups are a space where people can share  openly and authentically about their suicidal thoughts and feelings, without fear of a clinical intervention. This research project evaluated the impact experienced […]

Suicidal ideation and behaviors among Irish Travellers presenting for emergency care: Ethnicity as a risk factor

Background: Suicide is a serious problem in the Traveller community, with rates estimated at 11%: over 6 times that of the general population. Aims: We aimed to establish the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation (SI) and self-harm (SH) among Irish Travellers. Method: This was an observational cross-sectional cohort study of patients presenting with SH and SI to a tertiary […]

Measuring the quality of care received by suicide attempters in the emergency department

Abstract Audits conducted on medical records have been traditionally used in hospitals to assess and improve quality of medical care but have yet to be properly integrated and used for suicide prevention purposes. We aimed to (1) revise a quality of care grid and adapt it to an adult population of suicide attempters and (2) […]

‘The last thing you feel is the self-disgust’ the role of self-directed disgust in men who have attempted suicide: A grounded theory study

Objective: Globally, suicide affects more men than women. Emotional pain underpins many theoretical accounts of suicidality, yet little is known about the role of disgust in suicide. Self-directed disgust, whereby aspects of the self-serve as an object of disgust, has been hypothesised to factor in suicide. This research aimed to explore the processes which link self-disgust […]

Suicide attempt survivors’ recommendations for improving mental health treatment for attempt survivors

Research indicates that connection to mental health care services and treatment engagement remain challenges among suicide attempt survivors. One way to improve suicide attempt survivors’ experiences with mental health care services is to elicit suggestions directly from attempt survivors regarding how to do so. This study aimed to identify and synthesize suicide attempt survivors’ recommendations […]

How do sexual and gender minority people acquire the capability for suicide? Voices from survivors of near-fatal suicide attempts

Despite well-documented disparities by sexual and gender minority (SGM) status in suicide attempt and mortality rates, few studies have investigated the lived experiences that contribute to SGM people’s disproportionate risk of suicide. Having a history of at least one near-fatal (or medically serious) suicide attempt serves as a proxy for suicide mortality, but no known […]

Future well-being among United States youth who attempted suicide and survived

To what extent does a suicide attempt impair a person’s future well-being? We estimated the prevalence of future well-being (FWB) among suicide attempt survivors using a nationally representative sample of 15,170 youths. Suicide  attempt survivors were classified as having high FWB if they reported 1) a suicide attempt at Wave I; 2) no suicidal ideation […]