Information and communication technology-based interventions for suicide prevention implemented in clinical settings: A scoping review protocol
Introduction There is a surplus of information and communication technology (ICT)-based interventions for suicide prevention. However, it is unclear which of these ICT-based interventions for suicide prevention have been implemented in clinical settings. Furthermore, evidence shows that implementation strategies have often been mismatched to existing barriers. In response, the authors recognise the critical need for […]
Objective Suicide prevention is a high priority. Scalable and sustainable interventions for suicide prevention are needed to set the stage for population-level impact. This systematic review explores how technology-enhanced interventions target suicide risk and protective factors, using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2015) Risk and Protective Factors Ecological Model. Methods Information databases […]
Computer-delivered and web-based interventions to improve depression, anxiety, and psychological well-being of university students: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
The intent of the study was to systematically review and analyze trials of Web-based and computer-delivered interventions to improve depression, anxiety, psychological distress, and stress in university students. The findings suggest Web-based and computer-delivered interventions can be effective in improving studentsÕ depression, anxiety, and stress outcomes when compared to inactive controls, but some caution is […]
This study was designed to explore the types of online information & support available for people bereaved by suicide & the quality of such resources. 4 popular Internet search engines were searched using terms related to suicide bereavement & support. Although a wide range of Internet resources exist for people bereaved by suicide, these resources […]
This article outlines telephone service & internet initiatives to combat the high prevalence of depression, attempted suicide, & completed suicide existing in Australia in the late 1990s. Private medical practitioners & a private businessman established a heavily used telephone service designed to attract male callers. Subsequently, two websites were initiated. The article gives an overview […]
The extent to which a nontraditional form of peer aggression – cyberbullying – is related to suicide ideation is examined in a random sample of 1,963 middle-schoolers in the United States. Youth who experienced traditional bullying or cyberbullying, as either an offender or victim, had more suicidal thoughts & were more likley to attempt suicide […]
Do Suicide Websites Really Encourage Suicide? Content Analysis of Postings to a Japanese Suicide Website
The aim of this research was to reveal the function of suicide websites by examining the language used by individuals to describe their feelings & communicate in a social environment. Content analysis of 7 message boards from a suicide website revealed that the central topic was self-disclosure through communication with others & not death images […]
This paper represents an empirical attempt to gather descriptive police suicide data from all fifty American states for one year – 2008 – and record it in a cohesive manner that may be useful to researchers, police agencies, & program developers. Internet surveillance methods were used to obtain data. Other descriptive data related to police […]
Most hydrogen sulfide poisoning in Japan has been due to industrial accidents. However, since January 2008 an increase in suicide attempts by hydrogen sulfide gas has become evident. By April, the fad had escalated into a nationwide chain reaction. Mortality was very high. Information available on the Internet was blamed for the outbreak & the […]
This pamphlet provides information on replicating postvention work online. Responsible postvention initiatives should utilize social networking sites to: 1) distribute relevant information & resources, & 2) monitor comments from individuals connected to the bereaved for indications of suicide risk. Those overseeing these efforts should collaborate with parents & guardians to ensure that they monitor their […]
This article was written by the father of a young Israeli man who died by suicide shortly before his twentieth birthday. Internet discussion groups – some of which provide specific information on methods of suicide – are discussed extensively, with particular reference to the lack of boundaries & rules of conduct.
Examples are provided in this article of reactions to patient suicide among professionals in outpatient practice, hospital & clinical practice, residents/interns/trainee status, & therapists in a survivor group setting. Recommendations for helping the clinician-survivor include provision of information & education for beginning clinicians about the possibility of such an event, procedures to follow, obligations & […]
This article outlines the work helplines do to provide emotional support to people in distress &, thereby, potentially preventing suicide. The author asserts that helplines also have a crucial role in reducing the number of people who develop mental health problems & in eliminating stigma associated with mental or emotional problems. The selection & training […]
Background Document for The Thematic Conference on Prevention of Depression and Suicide Under the European Pact for Mental Health and Wellbeing
This document provided background information for a conference on the prevention of depression & suicide held in Budapest in December 2009. Topics discussed include: the relevance for the European Union; strategies, policy frameworks & targets; addressing determinants & risk factors; mainstreaming mental health in health disciplines; building partnerships with other policies & sectors; e-health, internet […]
The Effectiveness of a Web-Based Self-Help Intervention to Reduce Suicidal Thoughts: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Using a randomized controlled trial, this study will evaluate a self-help intervention. The intervention is based on cognitive behavioural therapy & is aimed at individuals experiencing mild to moderate suicidal thoughts. 130 participants will be randomly allocated to the intervention condition & 130 to the information control condition. Self-report questionnaires will be filled out at […]
This briefing evaluates the relationship between child abuse, particularly sexual, & other risk factors present during childhood, & subsequent suicide attempts. Incidence rates are also discussed. There is relatively little concrete evidence on childhood suicide & therefore much of the evidence presented in this report relates to suicide in later life. One of the key […]
The research design of this project was shaped by the funders who requested the replication of the Media Monitoring Project done by Pirkis et al (2001). This report provides a baseline descriptive account of the extent & nature of reporting of suicide by the New Zealand news media. It also assesses the alignment of news […]
The relationship between general population suicide rates & the prevalence of Internet users was examined in a cross-national study using data from the World Health Organization & the United Nations websites. The prevalence of Internet users was significantly & positively correlated with general population suicide rates in both genders. On multiple regression analysis the prevalence […]
This study introduces direct assessment of a suicidal debate, revealing new aspects of suicide ideation. Results, from an online survey (1,016 responses) showed nearly all suicide-risk respondents engaged in the debate. In addition, debate frequency accounted for 54 percent of the variance in suicidality scores, & showed significant associations with other indicators of suicide risk. […]
The Economic & Social Research Council-Funded Data Management through e-Social Sciences project is investigating, as one of its four research themes, how research into depression, self-harm, & suicide may be enhanced though the adoption of e-Science infrastructures & techniques. In this paper, the authors explore the challenges in supporting such research infrastructures & describe the […]
This article discusses the difficulties asssociated with trying to ban websites that put vulnerable people at risk of attempting suicide. Efforts in England to address this situation through changes in law are reviewed.
This article discusses efforts to protect vulnerable children & youth from pro-suicide websites which are readily accessible on the Internet. In the United Kingdom, current legislation is being reviewed & laws from other countries are being monitored for their effectiveness. Steps that parents can take to manage online risks are also discussed.