Parent-reported suicidal ideation in three population-based samples of school-aged Korean children with autism spectrum disorder and autism spectrum screening questionnaire screen positivity

Objectives Higher prevalence of suicidality has been reported in individuals with ASD. This study aimed to (1) Estimate the prevalence of suicidal ideation (SI) in epidemiologically-ascertained, population-based, samples of children with ASD or Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) Screen Positivity (ASP); (2) Determine whether ASD/ASP is an independent risk factor for SI, controlling for known […]

The difference of suicidal ideation between shift workers and day workers by gender

Shift work does not synchronize with the 24-hour human circadian rhythm, so shift workers experience various problems related to this disruption. This study investigated the relationship between suicidal risk and emotional difficulties such as depression and anxiety in shift workers according to gender. We analyzed data collected from 79,009 health checkup recipients. We checked psychosocial […]

A one-year longitudinal study on suicidal ideation, depression and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic

This longitudinal study aimed to examine the within-person changes in suicidal ideation, depression, and anxiety between the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic  and the third wave (i.e., one year later), while nationwide lockdowns were in effect. Among 720 respondents, 4.72% presented suicidal ideation, which appeared  unaltered one-year post-pandemic onset, while both depression (21.25% versus 28.06%) […]

The pathways of aggression: Differential indirect associations between anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns and suicidality

Background: Suicide prevention efforts have focused on risk factors that help identify people with an increased risk for suicide. One risk factor related to suicide risk is anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns (ASCC), which is the “fear of going crazy.” The association between ASCC and suicidal ideation is hypothesized to result from the depression–distress amplification model, which […]

The role of personal factors and learning environment in suicidal ideation among Tunisian medical students

Objective: Little is known about specific professional factors influencing medical students’ suicidal ideation and behavior. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation in Tunisian medical students. Method: This was a cross-sectional study; 390 second-cycle medical students were enrolled at the Faculty of Medicine of Tunis. Participants responded to an anonymous questionnaire containing sociodemographic data, […]

Training for Awareness, Resilience and Action (TARA) for medical students: A single-arm mixed methods feasibility study to evaluate TARA as an indicated intervention to prevent mental disorders and stress-related symptoms

Background Medical students have a higher risk for depression, anxiety, stress-related symptoms, burnout, and suicide, and more rarely seek professional help or treatment than the general population. Appeals are being made to address the mental health and resilience of physicians-to-be. The novel program Training for Awareness, Resilience, and Action (TARA) was originally developed to treat […]

Relationship among social capital, employment uncertainty, anxiety, and suicidal behaviors: A chained multi-mediator mediation modeling analysis

Objective Social capital is a significant predictor of suicidal behaviors among Chinese rural migrants. However, the mechanism, including the impact of employment and mental health, has not been fully understood. This study aims to examine the complex relationships linking social capital to suicidal behaviors. Method Data were collected from a probability sample (n = 1,245) of rural […]

Anxiety sensitivity index-3 suicidal cognition concerns: A new measure examining negative reactions to suicidal ideation

Objective Anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns (ASCC), the fear of the consequences of mental dyscontrol, has been established as a risk factor for suicidal ideation (SI). Treatments targeted at reducing ASCC have been shown to reduce suicide risk. In this study, a new self-report measure, the Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 Suicidal Cognition Concerns (ASI-3-SCC), was developed to […]

Men’s anxiety, why it matters, and what is needed to limit its risk for male suicide

Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental health disorder experienced by men. If left untreated, anxiety is predictive of psychiatric disorders including depression and associated suicide risk. Despite the prevalence and impact of men’s anxiety, it remains largely overlooked in the field of men’s mental health. Globally, men are reported to have lower rates of […]

Emotional and behavioral impact of the COVID‑19 epidemic in adolescents

Purpose of Review This review of the literature aims to explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown on teenagers’ mental health. We distinguish two groups: adolescents who had already been diagnosed with a mental disorder and the general population of adolescents. Recent Findings An increase in the number of mental health-related difficulties […]

The association between suicide attempts, anxiety, and childhood maltreatment among adolescents and young adults with first depressive episodes

Objective: Adolescents and young adults are susceptible to high-risk behaviors such as self-harm and suicide. However, the impact of childhood maltreatment on suicide attempts in adolescents and young adults with first episode of depression remains unclear. This study examined the association between suicide attempts and childhood maltreatment among adolescents and young adults with first depressive episodes. […]

Symptoms of mania and anxiety do not contribute to suicidal ideation or behavior in the presence of bipolar depression

Bipolar disorder is typified by episodes of manic/hypomanic and depressive symptoms, either distinctly or concurrently as mixed symptoms. While depressive symptoms are the major driver of risk, it is unclear whether specific combinations of manic and anxiety symptoms contribute differentially to suicidal ideation and behavior in individuals with bipolar disorder during a depressive state. This […]

Symptoms of depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and suicidal ideation Among state, tribal, local, and territorial public health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic — United States, March–April 2021

Increases in mental health conditions have been documented among the general population and health care workers during the COVID-19 pandemic; however, data on public health workers are limited. Among 26,174 surveyed state, tribal, local, and territorial public health workers, 52.8% reported symptoms of at least one mental health condition in the past 2 weeks. Symptoms were […]

Depression, anxiety and suicidal behaviour among college students: Comparisons pre-COVID-19 and during the pandemic

Background: Many students struggle with psychological problems during their college years. These problems may be even more apparent during the COVID-19 pandemic with the accompanying restrictions and transition to an online learning environment, but few longitudinal studies have been conducted to date. The aim of this study was to compare symptoms of depression, anxiety and […]

Corona exhaustion (CORONEX): COVID-19-induced exhaustion grinding down humanity

The constant presence and reminder of COVID-19, as well as persistent measures to control, test, measure or otherwise monitor this pandemic are taking an eroding psychological toll on the global population, even as select populations begin to receive a vaccine. This daily “presence” is exhausting humanity in ways akin to times of war or extreme […]

Mental health interventions for First Nations, Inuit, and Metis peoples in Canada: A systematic review

Higher rates of anxiety, depression, and attempted suicide are reported among First Nations, Inuit, and Métis people compared with non-Indigenous people in Canada. This systematic review summarises the key components of mental health interventions among Indigenous Peoples in Canada. We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, and Web of Science between January 1,1970, and August 30, 2019. […]

Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in the general population: A systematic review

: As a major virus outbreak in the 21st century, the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to unprecedented hazards to mental health globally. While psychological support is being provided to patients and healthcare workers, the general public’s mental health requires significant attention as well. This systematic review aims to synthesize extant literature that […]

Global prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in children and adolescents during COVID-19: A meta-analysis

Importance: Emerging research suggests that the global prevalence of child and adolescent mental illness has increased considerably during COVID-19. However, substantial variability in prevalence rates have been reported across the literature. Objective: To ascertain more precise estimates of the global prevalence of child and adolescent clinically elevated depression and anxiety symptoms during COVID-19; to compare these rates […]

A sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART) study of medication and CBT sequencing in the treatment of pediatric anxiety disorders

Background Treatment of a child who has an anxiety disorder usually begins with the question of which treatment to start first, medication or psychotherapy. Both have strong empirical support, but few studies have compared their effectiveness head-to-head, and none has investigated what to do if the treatment tried first isn’t working well—whether to optimize the […]

Symptoms of depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and suicidal ideation among state, tribal, local, and territorial public health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: United States, March-April 2021

Summary What is already known about this topic? Increases in mental health conditions have been documented among the general population and health care workers during the COVID-19 pandemic; however, data on public health workers are limited. What is added by this report? Among 26,174 surveyed state, tribal, local, and territorial public health workers, 53.0% reported […]

Network structure of depression and anxiety symptoms in Chinese female nursing students

Background Comorbidity between depressive and anxiety disorders is common. From network perspective, mental disorders arise from direct interactions between symptoms and comorbidity is due to direct interactions between depression and anxiety symptoms. The current study investigates the network structure of depression and anxiety symptoms in Chinese female nursing students and identifies the central and bridge […]

Effects of brief and depression and anxiety management training on a US Army division’s primary care providers

Introduction There is a nation-wide gap between the prevalence of mental illness and the availability of psychiatrists. This places reliance on primary care providers (PCPs) to help meet some of these mental health needs. Similarly, the US Army expects its PCPs to be able to manage common mental illnesses such as anxiety and depression. Therefore, […]

Depression and anxiety predict healthcare workers’ understanding of and willingness to help suicide attempt patients

We examined whether burnout, depression, anxiety, stress, lifetime suicidal ideation, self-efficacy in preventing suicide and demographic factors predicted the understanding of and willingness to help suicidal patients among hospital healthcare workers. A total of 368 healthcare workers from the major surgical and medical departments in a general hospital setting were recruited. Participants responded to the […]