The importance of recognizing worthlessness for suicide prevention in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses among children and adolescents. Depression and general anxiety disorder (GAD) are often co-occurring with ADHD among children and adolescents. Previous studies have found that ADHD, depression and GAD are all strongly correlated with suicidal thoughts and planning. Aim: The current study aimed to further explore […]

Classical psychedelics for the treatment of depression and anxiety: A systematic review

Background: Depression and anxiety are prevalent psychiatric disorders that carry significant morbidity. Pharmacological and psychosocial interventions are used to manage these conditions, but their efficacy is limited. Recent interest into the use of psychedelic-assisted therapy using ayahuasca, psilocybin or lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) may be a promising alternative for patients unresponsive to traditional treatments. This review […]

Suicidal behaviors in women with the hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

Background Hypermobile Ehlers–Danlos syndrome (hEDS) is the most frequent heritable disorder of the connective tissue. This is characterized by a generalized fragility of tissues leading to chronic pain, disability and high levels of psychological distress. Suicidal behaviors in those affected are not uncommon but they have not been well studied. We aimed to explore aspects […]

Trends in mental illness and suicidality after Hurricane Katrina

A representative sample of 815 pre-hurricane residents of the areas affected by Hurricane Katrina was interviewed 5-8 months after the hurricane and again one year later as the Hurricane Katrina Community Advisory Group (CAG). The follow-up survey was carried out to study patterns-correlates of recovery from hurricane-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), broader anxiety-mood disorders, and […]

Ecological momentary assessment of mental health in adults at suicide risk: An observational study protocol

Aims: To describe the research protocol for an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) designed to examine patterns of suicidal ideation and relevant psychosocial stress indicators in adults at risk for suicide. Design: This observational and longitudinal study will collect data for 28 consecutive days. Methods: A total of 150 adults at risk for suicide will be […]

Differential predictors of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts: Internalizing disorders and substance use in a clinical sample of adolescents

Objective: Dually diagnosed adolescents are a high-risk population for experiencing suicidal thoughts and behavior. Given that research suggests risk factors for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts may be different, this study examined whether internalizing disorder severity, frequency of substance use, and the interaction between them differentiated adolescents who attempted suicide from those who ideated. Methods: […]

The mediating roles of psychological pain and dream anxiety in the relationship between sleep disturbance and suicide

Suicide is a significant public health problem worldwide, and sleep disturbances have negative effects on mental health and suicidality. Several psychological concepts may mediate the relationship between sleep disturbances and suicide. We aimed to investigate the mediating roles of psychological pain and dream anxiety in this relationship. This cross-sectional study included 150 depressive patients with […]

Prevalence and severity of psychiatric disorders and suicidal behavior in service members and veterans with and without traumatic brain injury: Systematic review

Objectives: Assess prevalence and severity of posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidal behavior, and depressive, substance use, and anxiety disorders in US service members or Veterans with and without a deployment-related mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) (mTBI). Design: Systematic review using multiple databases (January 2000 to October 2017). We included national or geographically diverse samples. Main Measure: Prevalence and […]

High place phenomenon: Prevalence and clinical correlates in two German samples

Background The high place phenomenon, that is, a sudden urge to jump when in a high place, is an experience known to many people, that has rarely been studied. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of the high place phenomenon in a non-clinical and a clinical German sample. Furthermore, clinical correlates of the […]

A naturalistic study of youth referred to a tertiary care facility for acute hypomanic or manic episode

Background: Bipolar Disorders (BD) in youth are a heterogeneous condition with different phenomenology, patterns of comorbidity and outcomes. Our aim was to explore the effects of gender; age at onset (prepubertal- vs. adolescent-onset) of BD; and elements associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Substance Use Disorder (SUD) comorbidities, severe suicidal ideation or attempts, and […]

Mental disorders and subsequent suicide events in a representative community population

Objective This study examined the patterns of association between mental disorders and subsequent suicide in a community sample representative of the Canadian household population. Methods This retrospective cohort study used data from the Canadian Community Health Survey 2002 linked to the Death Database 2000-2011 and the Hospitalization Database 1999/2000-2012/2013) (n=27,000). Mental disorders (past year major […]

Mental health problems and suicide risk: The impact of Acute Suicidal Affective Disturbance

Acute Suicidal Affective Disturbance (ASAD) is a suicide-specific, episodic clinical entity that is theorized to characterize acute suicide risk. Little work has examined the role of ASAD in mental health conditions linked to suicide risk. Thus, the current study examined whether depression, social anxiety, panic, and alcohol-related problems were related to suicide risk via ASAD […]

Distinguishing the relevant features of frequent suicide attempters

BACKGROUND: In spite of the high prevalence of suicide behaviours and the magnitude of the resultant burden, little is known about why individuals reattempt. We aim to investigate the relationships between clinical risk factors and the repetition of suicidal attempts. METHODS: 1349 suicide attempters were consecutively recruited in the Emergency Room (ER) of two academic […]

Mood, dimensional personality, and suicidality in a longitudinal sample of patients with bipolar disorder and controls

Objective To evaluate the effects of mood and anxiety symptoms in relation to personality dimensions and clinical features such as trauma and substance use on suicidal behaviors in a longitudinal sample of individuals with bipolar illness (BP) and healthy controls (HC). Methods Mood, personality, and clinical features were assessed in 151 individuals with BP I […]

Differences in suicide risk severity among suicidal youth with anxiety disorders

Background: Adolescent suicidality is a growing public health concern. Although evidence supports a link between anxiety and suicidality, little is known about risk associated with specific anxiety disorders. Aims: This study examined the prevalence of anxiety disorders in a sample of adolescents with depression and suicidal ideation and the associations between specific anxiety disorders and suicide ideation severity […]

Predictors of the risk factors for suicide identified by the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behaviour

The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) has been supported by recent research. However, the nature of the models׳ three major constructs – perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness and acquired capability – requires further investigation. In this paper, we test a number of hypotheses about the predictors and correlates of the IPTS constructs. Participants aged 32–38 from […]

Somatic symptoms of anxiety and suicide ideation among treatment-seeking youth with anxiety disorders

Objective The severity of anxiety, in general, has been associated with suicide ideation (SI) among youth, but research has yet to examine the specific anxiety symptoms that may contribute to SI among youth. This study examined the severity of specific anxiety symptom clusters (i.e., tense/restless, somatic/autonomic symptoms, humiliation/rejection, performing in public, separation anxiety, perfectionism, and […]

Prevalence, clinical and psychosocial variables of depression, anxiety and suicidality in geriatric tertiary care settings

Objective The study investigated the prevalence of depressive and anxiety disorders and suicide risk in geriatric outpatients in tertiary care hospitals. Materials and methods An observational, cross-sectional study was conducted with 803 participants aged 60 and above attending geriatric outpatient clinics in tertiary care hospitals in Thailand. Participants were assessed using DSM-IV-TR criteria to calculate […]

Anxiety sensitivity differentially predicts factors of interpersonal-psychological suicide risk: A consideration of specificity

Recent studies have identified anxiety sensitivity (AS) as a risk factor for suicidality; however, limited work has been performed to understand this risk within the context of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPTS; Joiner, 2005). The current study examined the relationship between overall AS, each AS subfactor (cognitive, social, and physical), and the three IPTS […]

Prevalence rates and correlates of probable major depressive disorder in residents of Fort McMurray 6 months after a wildfire

This study assesses the prevalence rates for a major depressive disorder (MDD) in residents of Fort McMurray 6 months after a wildfire and to determine the demographic, clinical, and other predictors of likely MDD in the respondents. One thousand five hundred adult residents of Fort McMurray who could read and provide written informed consent were enrolled […]

Increased suicidal ideation in patients with co-occurring bipolar disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder.

Suicide risk increases for those with Bipolar Disorder or PTSD, however little research has focused on risk for co-occurring Bipolar Disorder and PTSD. The aim of this article was to evaluate increased suicide risk in co-occurring disorders, and differences in suicide risk for patients with Bipolar I versus Bipolar II. This study evaluated suicide risk […]

Anxiety disorders and childhood maltreatment as predictors of outcome in bipolar disorder

Background Comorbid anxiety disorders and childhood maltreatment have each been linked with unfavourable outcomes in people with bipolar disorder. Because childhood maltreatment is associated with anxiety disorders in this population, their respective predictive value remains to be determined. Methods In 174 adults with bipolar disorder, we assessed childhood maltreatment using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and […]

Why are more American teenagers than ever suffering from severe anxiety?

Parents, therapists and schools are struggling to figure out whether helping anxious teenagers means protecting them or pushing them to face their fears.