Suicide ideation among male prisoners: Preliminary evidence that psychopathic traits are indirectly linked to suicide ideation through thwarted interpersonal needs

Background The relation between psychopathic traits and suicide ideation (SI) is frequently discussed but little research has examined potential mechanisms underlying this association. The interpersonal theory of suicide (ITS) proposes two mechanisms in the pathogenesis of suicidal desire: thwarted belongingness (TB) and perceived burdensomeness (PB). This study cross-sectionally tested TB and PB as possible explanatory […]

Individual contribution of youth antisocial symptoms to suicide behavior in adults with substance use disorders

This study assesses the individual contribution of youth symptoms of antisocial personality disorder (before the age of 15) in past-month suicidal behavior in adults with substance use disorders. Youth antisocial symptoms and suicidal behavior were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Indicators of youth antisocial symptoms were significantly associated with suicide outcomes; lack of […]

Age at menarche, depression, and antisocial behavior in adulthood.

BACKGROUND: Early pubertal timing in girls is one of the best-replicated antecedents of a range of mental health problems during adolescence, but few researchers have examined the duration of these effects. METHODS: We leverage a nationally representative sample (N = 7802 women) managed prospectively from adolescence over a period of ∼14 years to examine associations of age at […]

Long-term suicide risk in forensic psychiatric patients.

The objectives of this study was to describe the rate of suicide and other causes of death in first admissions to a (medium) secure forensic psychiatric facility. All 595 patients were followed up for a maximum of 20 years. Death certificates were obtained and Standardized Mortality Ratios (SMRs) were calculated. At the June 2003 census, […]

Associations Between Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder, Externalizing Disorders, and Suicide-Related Behaviors

This study examined whether symptoms of borderline personality disorder mediate the relationship between externalizing disorders & suicide-related behaviors. Diagnostic interviews were administered to 344 participants (233 women). Results indicate symptoms of antisocial personality disorder, alcohol use disorders, & drug use disorders each were significantly associated with suicide threats & self-injurious behaviour in women. Symptoms of […]

Dimensions of Psychopathy in Relation to Suicidal and Self-Injurious Behavior

This study used data on 810 civil psychiatric patients from the MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment Project to examine the relationships between scores on the 4 dimensions of the Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version & suicide attempts & nonsuicidal self-injurious behaviour. Results indicate only the antisocial dimension of psychopathy is associated with suicide attempts. With regard to […]

Relation of Antisocial and Psychopathic Traits to Suicide-Related Behavior Among Offenders

This study tested whether negative emotionality, low constraint, & substance use problems mediated any relationship between antisocial personality disorder & psychopathy on the one hand & suicide-related behaviour & ideation on the other. 682 male offenders were studied. Antisocial personality disorder & the impulsivity/lifestyle features of psychopathy weakly predicted suicide-related behaviours. High negative emotionality & […]

Psychopathic Traits and Suicidal Ideation in High-School Students


Empirically Informed Approaches to Topics in Suicide Risk Assessment

Antisocial and Psychopathic Personality Disorders: Causes, Course, and Remission – a Review Article


Suicidality in DSM IV Cluster B Personality Disorders. An Overview.


Abnormal Psychology for Crisis Negotiators (IN: On-Scene Guide for Crisis Negotiators, ed. by F J Lanceley)

In this chapter, the 2 most commonly diagnosed personality disorders, antisocial & borderline personality disorders, along with schizophrenia & major depressive episode, are reviewed in relation to crisis intervention. Characteristics of these disorders are discussed, along with the ways they may influence the behavior of subjects in a crisis situation. Effective responses to these behaviors […]

Lifetime Comorbidity of Antisocial Personality Disorder and Anxiety Disorders Among Adults in the Community

The association between lifetime anxiety disorders, conduct disorder (CD), & antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) among adults was explored. Data were drawn from the National Comorbidity Survey, a representative community sample of U.S. adults aged 15-54. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to determine the association between anxiety disorders, CD & ASPD, & between the co-occurrence […]

Total Serum Cholesterol Level, Violent Criminal Offences, Suicidal Behavior, Mortality and the Appearance of Conduct Disorder in Finnish Male…

This study investigated the associations between total serum cholesteral levels, violent & suicidal behavior, age of onset of the conduct disorder, & the age of death among 250 Finnish male criminal offenders with antisocial personality disorders. No associations were found between total serum cholesteral levels & a history of suicide attempts & slashing. Low total […]

Assessing Suicidal Youth With Antisocial, Borderline, or Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Based on published research from 1991-2002, this literature review analyzed risk for suicide in youths with antisocial, borderline, or narcissistic personality disorder. Results indicate that patients with antisocial or borderline personality disorder are likely to be at increased risk for suicidal behavior when they experience major depressive episodes, have substance abuse problems, experience recent negative […]

The Role of Drinking in Suicidal Ideation: Analyses of Project MATCH Data

The associations of suicidal ideation (SI) with both the intensity & frequency of alcohol consumption were examined in a longitudinal study of treated alcoholics. SI was common for men & women entering treatment, & at least 3.6% of women & 4.2% of men reported SI at each follow-up. Gender patterns were found, while depression was […]

Recovery of Positive Future Thinking Within a High-Risk Parasuicide Group: Results From a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

This study examined whether high-risk parasuicide patients showed a deficit in positive future thinking but no increase in negative future thinking, & whether such a deficit could be remedied by a brief, manual-assisted psychological intervention. 34 patients were included in the study, ages 19-49 years. Patients who received the psychological interventin showed a significant improvement […]

Hope-Hopelessness (IN: Mental Health – Psychiatric Nursing. A Holistic Life-Cycle Approach, 3rd edition, ed. by R P Rawlins, S R Williams & C K Beck)

This chapter starts by defining terms which include: hopelessness, depression, manic behaviour, and suicide. The chapter then discusses the following issues: the psychopathy of major depression and bipolar disorders as described in the DSM-III-R; historical perspectives and theories of hope and hopelessness; the application of the nursing process to clients who have feelings of hope […]

Antisocial Behaviour in Adolescent Suicide

This study characterized adolescent suicides with antosocial behavior in terms of their family & social background, history of suicidal behavior, circumstances of suicide, mental health, & help-seeking behavior. It examined data on 44 males & 9 females in Finland. Antisocial behavior was reported among 43% of the victims. Separation from parents, parental alcohol abuse, parental […]

Suicidal Children Grow up: Suicidal Behavior and Psychiatric Disorders Among Relatives

Family study & family history interview techniques were used to examine psychopathology & medical illness in 488 first- & 1,062 second-degree relatives of 53 child psychiatric inpatients who reported suicide attempts or thoughts, 16 nonsuicidal inpatients, & 54 normal children. Suicidal behaviour in children was associated with suicidal behaviour in their families, although no first-degree […]

The Clinical Prediction of Adolescent Suicide (IN: Assessment and Prediction of Suicide, edited by R W Maris et al)

This chapter examines follow-up studies & psychological autopsies as research strategies to identify suicide risk in adolescents. It reports on a case-control study of a consecutive series of 170 completed adolescent suicides. This study was designed to obtain a detailed psychiatric profile through the use of psychological autopsy. It illustrates how suicide rates & risk […]

Long-Term Outcome in Personality Disorders

Personality disorders meeting DSM or ICD criteria represent the severe end of the broad spectrum of personality configurations involving maladaptive traits. The literature regarding long term outcome of personality disorders is sparse. Borderline patients at 10-25 year follow-up have a wide range of outcomes, from clinical recovery (50-60%) to suicide (3-9%). Personality traits and their […]

Developmental Psychopathology in Suicidal and Nonsuicidal Adolescent Girls

139 girls, aged 13-16, admitted to an inpatient psychiatric hospital were divided into 4 groups based on their suicidal status & ego development. Results support 2 developmental types of female suicide attempters that differed significantly on symptomatology, diagnoses, & defensive style. Depression was found to a risk factor for suicide at all developmental levels. Social-cognitive […]