Factors associated with deaths from suicide in a French nationwide HIV-infected cohort.

OBJECTIVES:
People living with HIV (PLHIV) are at a higher risk of dying by suicide than the general population. Epidemiological data regarding determinants of suicide in PLHIV are scarce. The aim of this study was thus to study demographic, socio-economic, psychiatric history and immunovirological characteristics associated with death from suicide in the French multicenter[…]

Deaths in New York City jails, 2001-2009.

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Routine, Self-Administered, Touch-Screen, Computer-Based Suicidal Ideation Assessment Linked to Automated Response Team Notification in an HIV Primary Care Setting

The authors sought to implement routine screening of suicide ideation & associated conditions using computerized patient-reported outcome assessments. 2 academic HIV primary care clinics enrolled patients who attended scheduled visits from December 2005-February 2009. Touch-screen, computer-based patient-reported outcome assessments were implemented into routine clinical care. Overall, 1216 patients completed the initial assessment during the study[…]

Psychiatric Morbidity in HIV-Infected Male Prisoners

This study explored the prevalence & correlates of psychiatric morbidity among HIV-infected male prisoners in Taiwan. In 2005, data were collected from 535 HIV-infected male prisoners in 7 prisons. After excluding incomplete data, 479 participants were included in the analysis. Psychiatric morbidity was present in 46 percent of participants. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that correlates[…]

Self-Care Strategies for Depressive Symptoms in People With HIV Disease

This paper reports on a study of people living with HIV to examine the experience of depressive symptoms, self-care symptom management strategies, symptom outcomes in response to those strategies, & sources from which the strategies were learned. A subset of 34 HIV-positive men & women from a larger study reported experiencing depressive symptoms. 7 of[…]

Suicide in HIV-Infected Individuals and the General Population in Switzerland, 1988-2008

The authors examined time trends & predictors of suicide before (1988-1995) & after (1996-2008) the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy. From 1998-2008, 15,275 patients were followed in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study for a median duration of 4.7 years. Of these, 150 died by suicide. In men, standardised mortality ratios declined from 13.7 to[…]

HIV-Infection as a Self-Reported Risk Factor for Attempted Suicide in South Africa

This study examined variables associated with recently diagnosed HIV-infection as a self-reported suicide attempt risk factor. The study cohort consisted of 112 general hospital inpatients who attempted suicide because of HIV infection. Based on estimated national suicidal behaviour prevalence rates for South Africa, a descriptive HIV-related attempted suicide rate of 67.2 per 100,000 & an[…]

Elevated Suicide Rate Among HIV-Positive Persons Despite Benefits of Antiretroviral Therapy: Implications for a Stress and Coping Model of Suicide

The suicide rate remains more than three time higher among HIV-positive persons than in the general population. This finding highlights the need for an integrative conceptual model to inform clinical intervention & research in this population. In this editorial, the author proposes a stress & coping model of suicide risk in which vulnerability & resilience[…]

HIV Discrimination and the Health of Women Living with HIV

To investigate the asssociation between self-reported HIV discrimination & health outcomes among women living with HIV, 366 women were recruited from HIV/AIDS clinics in Georgia & Alabama. In this cross-sectional study, participants completed an interview. Nearly a sixth of the sample reported experiencing HIV discrimination. These women had higher mean scores for stress, suicide ideation,[…]

Acquired Immunedeficiency Syndrome in Forensic Autopsies

From May 1985-May 1989, 126 autopsies were parformed at the Sao Paulo City morgue on individuals with AIDS whose unnatural deaths had prompted police investigations. 29 deaths resulted from suicide. Various methods of suicide were used & the majority of victims were still in the initial stages of the disease. Attention is drawn to both[…]