Suicide is an important problem among older adults and in particular older men. Risk factors for suicide in older adults include the loss of a loved one, loneliness and physical illness. Suicide in older adults is often attributed to the development of depression due to bereavement or loss of physical health and independence. However, suicide […]
Physical, mental, and social wellbeing and their association with death by suicide and self-harm in older adults: A community-based cohort study
Objective To assess associations between physical, mental, and social well‐being and suicide and self‐harm in a community‐based sample of older adults. Methods Using a cohort design, questionnaire data from 102,880 individuals aged 65 years or older living in New South Wales, Australia during 2006–2009 were linked to hospital and cause‐of‐death databases until 2017. Poisson regressions […]
Introduction Suicide in older people is a public health concern. Emergency nurses are ideally placed to identify suicide risk. Therefore, the aim of this research was to explore emergency nurses’ knowledge, confidence and attitudes about suicide in older people. Methods This descriptive exploratory study was conducted in four emergency departments in Sydney, Australia. Data were […]
This in-depth study of why aging in America is considered a “problem” scrutinizes how our values and ethics have shaped attitudes, behaviors and service provisions to older persons. It is demonstrated that the kinds of lives open to older persons in contemporary society are less determined by biological, psychological and social factors than they are […]
Older Indigenous adults encounter multiple challenges as their age intersects with health inequities. Research suggests that a majority of older Indigenous adults prefer to age in place, and they will need culturally safe assistive technologies to do so. Objective: The aim of this critical review was to examine literature concerning use, adaptation, and development of […]
A longitudinal study of differences in late- and early-onset geriatric depression: depressive symptoms and psychosocial, cognitive, and neurological functioning.
Objectives: Studies suggest early-onset depression (EOD) is associated with a more severe course of the depressive disorder, while late-onset depression (LOD) is associated with more cognitive and neuroimaging changes. This study examined if older adults with EOD, compared with those with LOD, would exhibit more severe symptoms of depression and, consistent with the glucocorticoid cascade […]
Why suicide? Questions & answers about suicide, suicide prevention, and coping with the suicide of someone you know. Rev.ed.
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Age variation in the prevalence of DSM-1V disorders in cases of suicide of middle-aged and older persons in Sydney.
Data concerning 127 persons aged 35 years or older who died by suicide(as determined in consecutive cases by a Sydney coroner) were analyzed.
Studies on suicide rate in the elderly have shown vast differences in different regions. This review summarizes the literature on the elderly suicide trend in Chinese populations, namely China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore, comparing these data to those in the USA and the UK.
“It Takes a Community” Report on the Summit on Opportunities for Mental Health Promotion and Suicide Prevention in Senior Living Communities
In October 2008, a meeting was held in Gaithersburg, Maryland regarding opportunities for mental health promotion & suicide prevention in senior living communities. This report provides the proceedings from the meeting. The discussions included topics such as the human cost of untreated mental illness, hearing the voices of residents, suicide in older adults, whole-population approaches […]
A population-based study of elderly suicide was undertaken, including 1008 suicides in Middle Franconia between 2004-2007. Data was analyzed regarding gender, methods, initiating motive, & chronobiological factors at the time of death. Higher rates of suicide were observed in the population at risk over 65 years old, in both genders. There were significant differences regarding […]
Promoting Mental Health and Preventing Suicide: a Toolkit for Senior Living Communities HHS Publication No. SMA(10)4515, CMHS-NSPL-0197
This Toolkit contains resources to help staff in senior living communities promote mental health & prevent suicide among their residents. A comprehensive framework incorporating three essential approaches is used. The approaches are: 1) whole population approach – activities & programs that benefit the mental well-being of all residents; 2) at-risk approach – strategies ensuring that […]
Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Reasons for Living-Older Adults Scale: a Suicide Risk Assessment Inventory
This article presents data from two studies on the development & initial evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Reasons for Living Scale-Older Adult version. Study 1 involved instrument development with 106 community-dwelling olders adults, & initial psychometric evaluation with a second sample of 119 community-dwelling older adults. Study 2 evaluated the scale in a […]
Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey was used to estimate the prevalence of suicide ideation & the prevalence of major psychiatric disorder & service use among suicide ideators versus nonideators. Multivariate models considered the sociodemographic, social, & mental health correlates of suicide ideation & mental health care use. More than 2% of the sample […]
A critical interpretive synthesis review that emphasises practitioner perspectives reveals 3 problems: a scarcity of research that takes a system-wide approach to suicide prevention in later life; a dearth of evidence about the social work contribution to reducing the risk of suicide in later life; & a noticeable absence of reference to social work practice […]
This research used content analysis to analyze 225 murder suicide events among dyads with at least one member 60 years or older. Data were collected from newspaper articles, television news transcripts, police reports, & obituaries published between 1999-2005. Findings suggest the most danger setting was the home & the majority of perpetrators were men. Firearms […]
Investigating Elder Suicide Risk (IN: New Research in Mental Health: 2002-2003 Biennium, Volume 16, edited by D Roth & W J Lutz)
This research identified & brought together a broad range of risk factors identified in the literature on elder suicide into a comprehensive predictive model. The interrelations of these factors were investigated. Data were collected on 350 participants recruited from assisted living facilities, community mental health centres, seniors’ centres, & senior social organizations throughout northeastern Ohio. […]
The authors assessed correlates of suicide attempt lethality in older men & women. A cross-sectional study enrolled 125 older adults with major depression & a suicide attempt admitted to community & university hospitals. Attempt lethality was higher in older (70+) than in younger (50-69 years) men & lower in older than in younger women. Association […]
Why Suicide? Questions & Answers About Suicide, Suicide Prevention, and Coping With the Suicide of Someone you Know
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Suicide-Related Behaviors in Older Patients With new Anti-Epileptic Drug use: Data from the VA Hospital System
The relationship between suicide-related behaviours & different antiepileptic drugs in older veterans receiving new antiepileptic drug monotherapy from the Veterans Health Administration was examined, controlling for potential confounders. The strongest predictor of suicide-related behaviours, based on conditional logistic regression analysis, was affective disorder diagnosed before antiepileptic drug treatment. Increased suicide-related behaviours were not associated with […]
This study assessed whether brief screens for depression have acceptable operating characteristics in identifying suicide ideation among older primary care patients & examined potential gender differences in the screen’s accuracy. The 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale was administered to a cross-sectional cohort of 626 primary care patients, 65 years & older, in the northeastern United States. […]
The relationship between the male to female sex ratios of suicide rates in the age-bands 65-74 years & 75+ years & socioeconomic factors was examined in a cross-national study using data from the World Health Organization & the United Nations. The main findings were that there was a significant positive correlation between the male to […]