Hospital admissions due to suicide attempts during the COVID-19 pandemic, a 3-year longitudinal study

The appearance of the SARS CoV-2 virus and the associated COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with the onset of mental disorders in healthy people and the worsening in those with pre-existing mental conditions. One of the areas that has raised the greatest concern is that of suicidality. Most of the published studies have been carried […]

The effect of suicide severity and patient’s age on mental health professionals’ willingness to treat: The moderating effect of ageism

Understanding mental health professionals’ (MHPs) willingness to treat suicidal older adults is critical in preventative psychotherapy. We examined the effect of a hypothetical patient’s age and suicide severity on MHPs’ willingness to treat or refer them to another therapist. Vignettes of hypothetical patients were presented to 368 MHPs aged 24-72 years. The vignettes had two […]

Secondary mental health service utilisation following emergency department contact for suicidal behaviour: A systematic review

Objective: Engagement with secondary mental health services after an emergency department presentation with suicidal behaviours may be an important strategy for reducing the risk of repeat attempts. Our aim was to examine secondary mental health service contact following a presentation to emergency department with suicidal behaviours. Methods: A systematic review of papers published between 2000 and 2020 […]

Age differences in the associations between outness and suicidality among LGBTQ+ youth

Objective: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) youth are at increased risk for suicidality compared to their heterosexual and cisgender peers, and outness (the extent to which an individual is open about their LGBTQ+ identity to others) is an important correlate of suicidality. However, previous research has led to mixed findings regarding whether outness functions […]

The rate of fatality and demographic characteristics associated with various suicide methods: A community-based study in Northern Taiwan

Background: Understanding lethality and risk factors of suicide methods is an initial step in suicide prevention. Aims: To investigate the fatality rate and demographic characteristics of various suicide methods. Method: This study enrolled consecutive individuals with episodes of suicide attempts registered in a surveillance database in a city with a high rate of suicide mortality in Taiwan, from […]

Birthday blues: Examining the association between birthday and suicide in a national sample

Background: Socioculturally meaningful events have been shown to influence the timing of suicide, but the influence of psychiatric disorder on these associations has seldom been studied. Aims: To investigate the association between birthday and increased risk of suicide in the general population and in a national sample of psychiatric patients. Methods: Data on general population suicides and suicide […]

Temporal effects on death by suicide: Empirical evidence and possible molecular correlates

Popular culture and medical lore have long postulated a connection between full moon and exacerbations of psychiatric disorders. We wanted to empirically analyze the hypothesis that suicides are increased during the period around full  moons. We analyzed pre-COVID suicides from the Marion County Coroner’s Office (n = 776), and show that deaths by suicide are […]

Notes from the field: Recent changes in suicide rates, by race and ethnicity and age group United States, 2021

Suicide is a serious public health problem in the United States. After 2 consecutive years of declines in suicide (47,511 in 2019 and 45,979 in 2020), 2021 data indicate an increase in suicide to 48,183, nearly returning to the 2018  peak (48,344) with an age-adjusted rate of 14.1 suicides per 100,000 population (versus 14.2 in […]

Spatial analysis of mental health and suicide clustering among older adults in North Carolina: An exploratory analysis

Late-in-life suicide is a major public health issue, with adults over 65 comprising 18% of all suicide deaths. Yet, little research has identified geographic concentrations of older populations at-risk for the psychological conditions in the pathway of suicide. This research identified spatial clustering of suicide, anxiety, depression, and self-injury among older adults in North Carolina […]

Prevalence of suicidal behaviours in two Australian general population surveys: Methodological considerations when comparing across studies

Purpose: To investigate whether methodological differences between two Australian general population surveys have the capacity to affect the apparent prevalence rates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Methods: 609 Wave 1 of the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life Project participants, and 83 participants derived from the 1997 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (NSMHWB) […]

Exploring the Role of age and gender on the impact of client suicide in mental health practitioners

Objective: Previous research has revealed that mental health professionals (MHPs) often experience severe, yet varying, levels of short-term impact in the aftermath of client suicide. Individual differences are significant, yet what factors help explain these differences remains unclear. The current study investigated the role of the MHPs’ and the clients’ age and gender upon the impact […]

Loneliness around the world: Age, gender, and cultural differences in loneliness

The BBC Loneliness Experiment provided a unique opportunity to examine differences in the experience of lonelines across cultures, age, and gender, and the interaction between these factors. Using those data, we analysed the frequency of loneliness reported by 46,054 participants aged 16–99 years, living across 237 countries, islands, and territories, representing the full range of individualism-collectivism […]

Age-and sex-specific risk factors for youth suicide: A mixed methods review

Background: Suicide is the second-leading cause of death for individuals ages 10 through 34, and rates are rising. This study seeks to broaden the understanding of suicide in youths ages 10-17. Study Aims: Use a mixed-methods approach to investigate the different characteristics leading to youth suicide by 2 distinct youth age subgroups (pre-high school and […]

Differences between patterns of suicide in East Asia and the West: The importance of sociocultural factors

BJECTIVE: To compare suicide rates and characteristics in East Asian and Western countries. METHOD: Data from five East Asian jurisdictions and five English-speaking Western countries were obtained from national offices responsible for collection of statistics. Data were graphed to demonstrate differences between East Asian and Western age patterns of suicide. Relevant literature was reviewed, including […]

Antidepressant dose, age, and the risk of deliberate self-harm

OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of deliberate self-harm by antidepressant dose, by age group. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a propensity score-matched cohort study using population-based health care utilization data from 162,625 US residents with depression ages 10 to 64 years who initiated antidepressant therapy with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors at modal or at […]

Depressive symptoms and age of alcohol use onset interact to predict suicidal ideation

Distal risk factors of alcohol use may increase suicidal ideation in the presence of proximal risk factors, such as depressive symptoms. We tested whether depressive symptoms and age at onset of alcohol use interact to predict suicidal ideation in 500 individuals (67% men; 68% Black/African American) under criminal justice supervision. Regression analysis revealed that age […]

Longitudinal relationships between positive affect, loneliness, and suicide ideation: Age-specific factors in a general population

The aims of this study were to analyze whether positive and negative affect, social support, and loneliness are factors longitudinally related to suicide ideation in the general population in different age groups. A total of 2,392 individuals from a nationally representative sample of the Spanish general population were evaluated in 2011-2012 and in 2014-2015. After […]

Age at exposure to parental suicide and the subsequent risk of suicide in young people

Background: We investigated the age at exposure to parental suicide and the risk of subsequent suicide completion in young people. The impact of parental and offspring sex was also examined. Method:Using a cohort study design, we linked Taiwan’s Birth Registry (1978–1997) with Taiwan’s Death Registry (1985–2009) and identified 40,249 children who had experienced maternal suicide (n = 14,431), […]

Marital status integration and suicide: A meta-analysis and meta-regression.

Marital status is an index of the phenomenon of social integration within social structures and has long been identified as an important predictor suicide. However, previous meta-analyses have focused only on a particular marital status, or not sufficiently explored moderators. A meta-analysis of observational studies was conducted to explore the relationships between marital status and […]

The relationship between nonsuicidal self-injury age of onset and severity of self-harm.

This study examined how age of nonsuicidal self‐injury (NSSI) onset relates to NSSI severity and suicidality using decision tree analyses (nonparametric regression models that recursively partition predictor variables to create groupings). Those with an earlier age of NSSI onset reported greater NSSI frequency, NSSI methods, and NSSI‐related hospital visits. No significant splits were found for […]

Factors associated with suicide in four age groups: A population based study.

Life events and circumstances leading to death change throughout the life course. In this study, 4 age groups within those who have died by suicide are compared in terms method of suicide, sex, occupation, mental disorders, prior suicide attempts, and life events prior to death. Analyses were based on a database of deaths by suicide […]

Gender and age differences in suicide mortality in the context of violent death: Findings from a multi-state population-based surveillance system.

Objective Males are more likely than females to die by all forms of violent death, including suicide. The primary purpose of the present study was to explore whether the gender difference in suicide rates is largely accounted for by males’ general greater tendency to experience violent deaths. The current study examined gender and age differences […]

Factors influencing suicidal ideation among Korean adults by age: Results of the 2010-2011 Korean Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Suicidal ideation increases the risk of suicide. This study investigated the age-specific contributions of sociodemographic factors, health status, and health behaviors to suicidal ideation using nationally representative data. The factors associated with suicidal ideation differ by age. Perceived bad health, stress, and depression had a significant influence on suicidal ideation in all age groups, but […]