Prevalence of suicidal behaviours in two Australian general population surveys: Methodological considerations when comparing across studies

Purpose: To investigate whether methodological differences between two Australian general population surveys have the capacity to affect the apparent prevalence rates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Methods: 609 Wave 1 of the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life Project participants, and 83 participants derived from the 1997 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (NSMHWB) […]

Exploring the Role of age and gender on the impact of client suicide in mental health practitioners

Objective: Previous research has revealed that mental health professionals (MHPs) often experience severe, yet varying, levels of short-term impact in the aftermath of client suicide. Individual differences are significant, yet what factors help explain these differences remains unclear. The current study investigated the role of the MHPs’ and the clients’ age and gender upon the impact […]

Loneliness around the world: Age, gender, and cultural differences in loneliness

The BBC Loneliness Experiment provided a unique opportunity to examine differences in the experience of lonelines across cultures, age, and gender, and the interaction between these factors. Using those data, we analysed the frequency of loneliness reported by 46,054 participants aged 16–99 years, living across 237 countries, islands, and territories, representing the full range of individualism-collectivism […]

Age-and sex-specific risk factors for youth suicide: A mixed methods review

Background: Suicide is the second-leading cause of death for individuals ages 10 through 34, and rates are rising. This study seeks to broaden the understanding of suicide in youths ages 10-17. Study Aims: Use a mixed-methods approach to investigate the different characteristics leading to youth suicide by 2 distinct youth age subgroups (pre-high school and […]

Differences between patterns of suicide in East Asia and the West: The importance of sociocultural factors

BJECTIVE: To compare suicide rates and characteristics in East Asian and Western countries. METHOD: Data from five East Asian jurisdictions and five English-speaking Western countries were obtained from national offices responsible for collection of statistics. Data were graphed to demonstrate differences between East Asian and Western age patterns of suicide. Relevant literature was reviewed, including […]

Antidepressant dose, age, and the risk of deliberate self-harm

OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of deliberate self-harm by antidepressant dose, by age group. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a propensity score-matched cohort study using population-based health care utilization data from 162,625 US residents with depression ages 10 to 64 years who initiated antidepressant therapy with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors at modal or at […]

Depressive symptoms and age of alcohol use onset interact to predict suicidal ideation

Distal risk factors of alcohol use may increase suicidal ideation in the presence of proximal risk factors, such as depressive symptoms. We tested whether depressive symptoms and age at onset of alcohol use interact to predict suicidal ideation in 500 individuals (67% men; 68% Black/African American) under criminal justice supervision. Regression analysis revealed that age […]

Longitudinal relationships between positive affect, loneliness, and suicide ideation: Age-specific factors in a general population

The aims of this study were to analyze whether positive and negative affect, social support, and loneliness are factors longitudinally related to suicide ideation in the general population in different age groups. A total of 2,392 individuals from a nationally representative sample of the Spanish general population were evaluated in 2011-2012 and in 2014-2015. After […]

Age at exposure to parental suicide and the subsequent risk of suicide in young people

Background: We investigated the age at exposure to parental suicide and the risk of subsequent suicide completion in young people. The impact of parental and offspring sex was also examined. Method:Using a cohort study design, we linked Taiwan’s Birth Registry (1978–1997) with Taiwan’s Death Registry (1985–2009) and identified 40,249 children who had experienced maternal suicide (n = 14,431), […]

Marital status integration and suicide: A meta-analysis and meta-regression.

Marital status is an index of the phenomenon of social integration within social structures and has long been identified as an important predictor suicide. However, previous meta-analyses have focused only on a particular marital status, or not sufficiently explored moderators. A meta-analysis of observational studies was conducted to explore the relationships between marital status and […]

The relationship between nonsuicidal self-injury age of onset and severity of self-harm.

This study examined how age of nonsuicidal self‐injury (NSSI) onset relates to NSSI severity and suicidality using decision tree analyses (nonparametric regression models that recursively partition predictor variables to create groupings). Those with an earlier age of NSSI onset reported greater NSSI frequency, NSSI methods, and NSSI‐related hospital visits. No significant splits were found for […]

Factors associated with suicide in four age groups: A population based study.

Life events and circumstances leading to death change throughout the life course. In this study, 4 age groups within those who have died by suicide are compared in terms method of suicide, sex, occupation, mental disorders, prior suicide attempts, and life events prior to death. Analyses were based on a database of deaths by suicide […]

Gender and age differences in suicide mortality in the context of violent death: Findings from a multi-state population-based surveillance system.

Objective Males are more likely than females to die by all forms of violent death, including suicide. The primary purpose of the present study was to explore whether the gender difference in suicide rates is largely accounted for by males’ general greater tendency to experience violent deaths. The current study examined gender and age differences […]

Factors influencing suicidal ideation among Korean adults by age: Results of the 2010-2011 Korean Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Suicidal ideation increases the risk of suicide. This study investigated the age-specific contributions of sociodemographic factors, health status, and health behaviors to suicidal ideation using nationally representative data. The factors associated with suicidal ideation differ by age. Perceived bad health, stress, and depression had a significant influence on suicidal ideation in all age groups, but […]

Self-harm and life problems: Findings from the Multicentre Study of Self–harm in England.

~

A controlled study of suicide in middle-aged and older people: Personality traits, age, and psychiatric disorders.

Personality traits were examined using the NEO Five-Factor InventoryÐRevised in an Australian psychological autopsy study involving 259 suicide deaths and 181 sudden death controls aged 35 years and over. Interviews included the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV to determine the presence of psychiatric disorder. Personality traits of suicide deaths differed significantly from those of controls, […]

Antidepressant use and method of suicide in the United States: Variation by age and sex, 1998-2007.

Journal copy is held in CSP Library.

Medical marijuana laws and suicides by gender and age.

Suicides among men aged 20 through 39 years fell after medical marijuana legalization compared with those in states that did not legalize. The negative relationship between legalization and suicides among young men is consistent with the hypothesis that marijuana can be used to cope with stressful life events. However, this relationship may be explained by […]

Clinical and temperamental differences between early- and late-onset alcoholism in Korean men.

The aims of this study were to elucidate the clinical and temperamental differences between early- and late-onset alcoholism among Korean men and to ascertain the validity of Cloninger’s typology model of alcoholism for Koreans. There were several distinct clinical and temperamental differences between early- and late-onset alcoholism among Korean male alcoholic patients. It is suggested […]

Do suicides’ characteristics influence survivors’ emotions?

The suicide of a related person can often induce severe negative emotional reactions. The objective of this study was to explore the relationships between sociodemographic and diagnostic data of suicides and survivorsÕ emotions and to close this substantial gap. The main outcome of this study was that survivorsÕ severity of emotional disturbance was inversely correlated […]

Suicide risk in children and adolescents in a pediatric emergency department: effects of race, income, gender, and age.

Suicide in adolescents is a leading cause of death and a public health concern. Suicide screening in the pediatric emergency department (ED) has emerged as a promising method of suicide prevention, as this setting treats many at-risk children and adolescents and has potential resources to manage positive screens. While suicide screening tools exist, they have […]

Age, gender,and reasons for living among Australian adults.

Reasons for living have been identified as protective factors in relation to suicide, and much research has documented gender differences in reasons for living. In contrast, little research has investigated age differences in reasons for living. In the current study, the relationship of age to reasons for living was investigated, as was whether age and […]

Suicide Experiences Among Institutionalized Older Veterans in Taiwan

This study examined the suicide experiences of institutionalized veterans in Taiwan. Data were collected from 19 residents, age 65 & older, who had attempted suicide. Transcripts from 26 tape-recorded interviews were analyzed by thematic analysis. 5 major themes related to suicide triggers were identified: illness & pain, death of close relatives or friends, conflicts with […]