The moderated mediating effect of community integration in depressive symptoms which are related to childhood adversity and suicide attempts by adolescents who have dropped out of school

The aim of this study was to verify the moderated mediating effect of community integration on the influence of childhood adversity on suicide attempts in adolescent who have dropped out of school and examine the mediating effect of depressive symptoms. This study used the data of the first year from a Longitudinal Survey and Support […]

Relationship between bullying victimization and suicide ideation among Chinese adolescents: A moderated chain mediation model

Previous studies have highlighted a strong association between bullying victimization and suicide ideation. However, little is known about the mediating and moderating mechanisms underlying this relationship. Building on the classic General Strain Theory, the current study investigated the chained mediating roles of school adaptation and stress response and the moderating role of gender on the […]

Longitudinal relationships of psychotic‑like experiences with suicidal ideation and self‑harm in adolescents

Research in adolescents suggests associations between psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) and self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), but insights into their temporal relationship, which may inform prediction, have been limited. Psychological distress (PD; symptoms of depression and anxiety) has been related to both PLEs and SITBs, and may modulate this relationship. Given that PLEs have been linked […]

What is helpful and what is challenging for the caregivers of young people receiving interventions to prevent suicide? Caregivers’ perspectives — a rapid scoping review

Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death among young people. Preventing suicide in young people is a priority. Caregivers play a vital role in ensuring interventions for young people experiencing suicide ideation and/or attempts are implemented, and that they are maintained over time. Despite this, little is known about what caregivers find helpful and […]

The association between perceived family financial stress and adolescent suicide ideation: A moderated mediation model

Nowadays, suicide (especially adolescents’ suicide) has been an increasingly prominent social problem worldwide; suicide ideation, as an important predictor, has been the focus of relevant studies and practices. Against this background, the present study aimed to examine the association between perceived family financial stress and adolescents’ suicidal ideation, as well as the potential roles of […]

Stepped-care versus therapist-guided, internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy for childhood and adolescent anxiety: A non-inferiority trial

Objective This preregistered randomized trial examined whether a stepped-care approach to internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT-SC) is non-inferior to therapist-guided ICBT (ICBT-TG) for child and adolescent anxiety. Method Participants were 137 Australians, aged 8–17 years (56 male), with a primary anxiety disorder. This randomized, non-inferiority trial compared ICBT-SC to an evidence-based, ICBT-TG program with assessments conducted at baseline, 12 weeks and […]

Social connectedness and adolescent suicide risk

Background Despite evidence of the importance of interpersonal connectedness to our understanding of suicide risk, relatively little research has examined the protective and buffering effects of connectedness among adolescents. The aims of this study were to determine: (a) whether overall connectedness (composite of family, peer, and school) and specific domains of connectedness were related to […]

Receiving a gift and feeling robbed: A phenomenological study on parents’ experiences of Brief Admissions for teenagers who self-harm at risk for suicide

Background: Brief Admission by self-referral is a preventive intervention here intended for individuals who recurrently self-harm and have a history of contact with emergency psychiatric services. Individuals with access to Brief Admission are empowered to self-admit to inpatient care for up to three days per stay and are encouraged to do so before experiencing crisis. Brief […]

Psychosocial risk and adolescent suicide ideation: A comparative study

This comparative study explores the intricate relationship between psychosocial risk factors and adolescent suicide ideation, shedding light on the vulnerability of this demographic group to such thoughts. Adolescence is a critical developmental stage marked by unique emotional and psychological challenges. Suicide ideation among adolescents is a pressing public health concern, warranting comprehensive investigation. The study […]

Prevalence and correlates of adolescent self-injurious thoughts and behaviors: A population-based study in Burkina Faso

Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) are a growing concern among youth in sub-Saharan Africa, but their prevalence and correlates in this region are poorly understood. We therefore examined self-reported SITBs in a population-representative sample of youth in rural Burkina Faso. We used interviews from 1,538 adolescents aged 12 to 20 years living in 10 villages and […]

Non-suicidal self-injury and suicidal ideation among adolescents: The chain-mediating role of rumination and decentering

Objective: To explore the relationship between non-suicidal self-injury and suicidal ideation in adolescents and examine the roles of rumination and decentering in that relationship. Method: By means of a questionnaire, 175 adolescent patients in a psychiatric hospital in Fujian Province were given the Functional Assessment of Self-Mutilation: Chinese Version, Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation, Ruminative Response Scale: […]

Economic impacts of universal suicide risk assessment for adolescents

Adolescent suicide is a growing public health concern, prompting healthcare providers to adopt universal suicide risk screening in emergency care settings. This article explores the economic implications of implementing suicide risk screening programs for adolescents in emergency care. Universal screening,  involving systematic assessment of every adolescent patient for suicide risk, has the potential to provide […]

Statistical and artificial intelligence techniques to identify risk factors for suicide in children and adolescents

Background: Suicidal Behaviors and Thoughts are a relevant public health issue that includes suicidal ideation, non-suicidal self-harm, attempted suicide, and failed suicides. Since there is a progression of suicidal behaviors, whereby suicide is more likely to be completed if there have already been previous behaviors or attempts to harm oneself, WHO has highlighted the need […]

The intersection of race, ethnicity, and gender and the prevalence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors

The prevalence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors across distinct intersections of race/ethnicity and gender among adolescents remains understudied. The current study seeks to address this important gap in suicide scholarship using a statewide representative sample of U.S. Florida middle school and high school adolescents. Data drawn from the 2022 Florida Youth Substance Abuse Survey (FYSAS) […]

Can the metaverse be good for youth mental health?

Nearly every young person spends a large part of their life in online spaces. On social media platforms, in digital games, and in augmented-, virtual-, and mixed-reality environments, they are exposed to a vast  range of content with unlimited opportunity to engage with other users. For many young people, these interactions are ongoing and frequent, […]

24-hour warning signs for adolescent suicide attempts

Background: Little is known about when youth may be at greatest risk for attempting suicide, which is critically important information for the parents, caregivers, and professionals who care for youth at risk. This study used adolescent and parent reports, and a case-crossover, within-subject design to identify 24-hour warning signs (WS) for suicide attempts. Methods: Adolescents (N = 1094, ages 13 […]

A rapid systematic review of the prevalence of suicide and self-harm behaviors in adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

Background: COVID-19 has caused psychological, social, and physical isolation in adolescents resulting in varying rates of suicidal behavior and self-harm. Aims: We investigated the pandemic’s impact on adolescent suicidal behavior and self-harm by reviewing the existing literature. Methods: We searched PubMed using keywords: adolescent, suicide, suicidal behavior, self-harm, prevalence, and COVID-19 and included studies reporting primary data only. Results: Of the 551 […]

Are false positives in suicide classification models a risk group? Evidence for “true alarms” in a population-representative longitudinal study of Norwegian adolescents

Introduction: False positives in retrospective binary suicide attempt classification models are commonly attributed to sheer classification error. However, when machine learning suicide attempt classification models are trained with a multitude of psycho-socio-environmental factors and achieve high accuracy in suicide risk assessment, false positives may turn out to be at high risk of developing suicidal behavior or […]

Correlations between negative life events and suicidal ideation among Chinese adolescents: A meta-analysis

Background: Suicide ideation (SI) has become a serious social issue worldwide, and research has found a certain correlation between negative life events (NLE) and SI. Nevertheless, this relationship is still not clear among Chinese adolescents, a special population. Hence, this investigation performed a meta-analysis of observational research on the correlation between NLE and SI among adolescents […]

Factors related to suicidal ideation in adolescents according to types of stress

Background: This study aimed to identify the factors associated with suicidal ideation by classifying adolescents into three groups: no stress, interpersonal stress, as well as academic and career stress. Method: Using the data from the 16th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey (2020), 15,343 adolescents were included in the study, and their socio-demographic characteristics as well […]

Psychosocial factors associated with increased adolescent non-suicidal self-injury during the COVID-19 pandemic

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescents hospitalized with psychiatric disorders continues to increase after the outbreak of COVID-19. This study aimed to explore the relationship between the pandemic and NSSI among adolescents and whether the composition of psychosocial factors related to NSSI has changed during the pandemic. Through the retrospective analysis of medical records retrieved from […]

Gender differences related to spirituality, coping skills and risk factors of suicide attempt: A cross-sectional study of French adolescent inpatients

Background: Suicide attempts in adolescence represent a major public health concern, since these behaviors are associated with psychosocial burden and an increased risk of suicide. This cross-sectional study aimed to explore possible gender differences related to protective and risk factors in adolescents who have attempted suicide. Methods: Participants were French adolescents hospitalized for attempt suicide in five […]

The association between nonsuicidal self-injury and perfectionism in adolescence: The role of mental disorders

Previous evidence has drawn attention to the fact that maladaptive perfectionism is a risk factor for engagement in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Until now, few studies have examined this topic, especially among community adolescents. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between perfectionism dimensions and NSSI functions to examine the potential mediating effect […]