Alcohol and Other Contextual Factors of Suicide in Four Aboriginal Communities of Quebec, Canada

This paper describes the psychosocial & behavioural characteristics of 30 consecutive adult suicides from 4 First Nations communities in Quebec. Psychological autopsies were done with family members. Suicide among this group was overrepresented by young single men. Alcohol intoxication at the time of death was reported for 22 cases in association with rapid acting out[…]

Psychoanalysis and Suicide: Process and Typology(IN: Relating to Self-Harm and Suicide. Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Practice, Theory and Prevention, ed. by S Briggs, A Lemma and W Crouch)

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Recent Alcohol Intake and Suicidality – a Neuropsychological Perspective

In this paper, the authors review the observational & experimental evidence for the acute neuropsychological effects of alcohol intake on suicide ideation & behaviour. A selective review of the literature was conducted using the PubMed database. Cognitive mechanisms implicated include alcohol-induced deficits in attention allocation, prospective cognition, autobiographical memory, & disinhibition. Emotional mechanisms include alcohol-induced[…]

Personality Traits as Correlates of Suicide Attempts and Suicidal Ideation in Young Adults

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Psychiatric Symptoms and Their Relationship to Suicidal Ideation in a High-Risk Adolescent Community Sample

This study investigated the importance of diagnostic factors in the prediction of suicidal ideation in a high-risk sample of 73 high school students. Suicidal ideation was assessed with the Modified Scale for Suicidal Ideation. 74% of subjects met criteria for a psychiatric disorder & continuous measures of psychiatric symptoms provided stronger prediction of suicidal ideation[…]

Body Attitudes and Body Experiences in Suicidal Adolescents

3 groups of adolescents (age 14-18) including suicidal (made a suicide attempt), nonsuicidal inpatients & controls, were compared with regard to suicidal tendencies, various body aspects, & depression & anxiety. A series of MANOVAs, discriminant analysis, Pearson correlations, & regressions were employed. The results show that the suicidal group differed from the two nonsuicidal groups[…]

Suicide Among Psychiatric Inpatients of Older Ages

Four inpatient groups were identified based on age (< 40 yr. or > 54 yr.) and current suicidal behavior (suicidal, nonsuicidal but depressed) and compared on these variables. Older suicidal inpatients were different formt he other groups of inpatients on very few variables. Older suicide patients were given a diagnosis of depression, made more suicidal[…]

Suicidal Behavior Among Middle-Class Adolescents who Seek Crisis Services

This study assessed suicidal behaviour & risk factors among 1616 predominantly middle-class adolescents seeking crisis services in Oklahoma. 22.1% reported a past suicide attempt; half reported suicidal ideation in the month prior to seeking help. Attempters were significantly more likely than nonattempters to report suicidal ideation & family suicidal behaviour. Suicidal behaviours in the entire[…]

Helping Grieving Children at School

This article presents guidelines to help children cope with grief. Wolfelt says that teachers need both to learn & to teach about death. He discusses how children may express their grief by acting out, what to do when a classmate dies & how to get extra help for bereaved children. Guidelines for helping the bereaved[…]

Verbal and Physical Abuse as Stressors in the Lives of Lesbian, Gay Male, and Bisexual Youths: Associations With School Problems, Running Away, Substance Abuse, Prostitution, and Suicide

This article reviews the verbal & physical abuse that threatens the well-being & survival of lesbian, gay & bisexual youth. This response by significant others is often associated with several problematic outcomes including running away & suicide. Although the causal link between these stressors & outcomes has not been scientifically established, there is suggestive evidence[…]