The relationship between suicidal thinking and dating violence in a sample of adolescent abortion patients
Background: The relationship between suicidal thinking and adolescent dating violence has not been previously explored in a sample of adolescent abortion patients. Aims: This paper highlights a study where the relationship between dating violence and severity of suicidal thinking was examined in a sample of 120 young women ages 14-21 seeking to terminate an unintended pregnancy. Methods: The […]
Association between state-level access to reproductive care and suicide rates among women of reproductive age in the United States
Importance Many states in the United States enforce restrictions to reproductive care, with access to abortion remaining a highly divisive issue. Denial of abortion is linked with heightened stress and anxiety among reproductive-aged women. However, no studies have tested whether access to reproductive care is linked to suicide. Objective To evaluate whether state-level restrictions in access to […]
Abstract Background Abortion had been suggested to be associated with the risk of suicide with inconclusive results. The objective of this study was to assess the association by systematic review and meta-analysis.Methods We searched PubMed, EMbase, PsycINFO, CNKI, WanFang Data and VIP databases for all studies investigating the association between abortion and the risk of […]
The association between first abortion and first-time non-fatal suicide attempt: A longitudinal cohort study of Danish population registries
Background Suicidal ideation due to abortion has been used to justify restrictive US abortion policies. Much research examining abortion and mental health has relied on self-report, has had low participation rates, and did not consider confounding factors. In the present study, we used data that do not rely on self-report and are not affected by […]
Predicting risk for suicide: A preliminary examination of non-suicidal self-injury and the acquired capability construct in a college sample.
The interpersonal psychological theory of suicide provides a useful framework for considering the relationship between non-suicidal self-injury and suicide. Researchers propose that NSSI increases acquired capability for suicide. We predicted that both NSSI frequency and the IPTS acquired capability construct (decreased fear of death and increased pain tolerance) would separately interact with suicidal ideation to […]
Background: The extent to which abortion has harmful consequences for mental health remains controversial. We aimed to examine the linkages between having an abortion and mental health outcomes over the interval from age 15Ð25 years. Methods: Data were gathered as part of the Christchurch Health and Development Study, a 25-year longitudinal study of a birth […]
Associations Between Abortion, Mental Disorders, and Suicidal Behaviour in a Nationally Representative Sample
The relation between abortion, mental disorders, & suicidality was examined using an American nationally representative sample. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to examine associations between abortion & lifetime mood, anxiety, substance use, eating, & disruptive behaviour disorders as well as suicide ideation & attempts. After adjusting for sociodemographics, abortion was associated with an increased […]
Background: Only few studies have been carried out on the relationship between pregnancy and deaths from external causes. Methods: Information on deaths from external causes among women aged 15–49 years in Finland in 1987–2000 (n = 5299) was linked to three national health registers to identify pregnancy-associated deaths (n = 212). Results: The mortality rate […]
The author discusses the changing views of medical ethics with regard to autopsy, euthanasia, abortion, suicide, genetic engineering, transplantation, clinical trials, psychiatric patient status, & physician immunity and liability. Features of a new medical ethics for the future are proposed.
The author considers R Dworkin’s argument in “The Philosopher’s Brief on Assisted Suicide,” which claims that the distinction between killing & letting die is morally irrelevant, & the distinction between intending & foreseeing death can be morally relevant but is not always so. The author argues that the killing/letting die distinction can be relevant in […]
Because depressive mood & suicides are more frequent in women seeking voluntary abortion, a 4-year analysis was performed on the database of the National Institute of Statistics & on the medical records of the gynaecology department of the University of Modena, Italy. The rate of voluntary abortions showed a seasonal rhythm with an amplitude of […]
Initial support is outlined for a new scale called the Life Ownership Orientation Questionnaire, which assesses the extent to which one believes that God, the individual, or society has the power to control & govern one’s life. The strength of respondents’ god ownership orientation demonstrated higher predictive validity with regard to attitudes toward abortion, suicide, […]
This article compares the death rates associated with childbirth & abortion in women. The article examines the findings of research on the death rates of 173,279 women who had an induced abortion or delivery in 1989. The article found that compared to women who had delivered, those who aborted had a significantly higher age-adjusted risk […]
This article described the attitudes of college students toward abortion, capital punishment, & assisted suicide. The attitudes of the 51 college students were not consistently anti- or pro-death. Attitudes toward assisted suicide were associated with attitudes toward abortion & capital punishment. (1 ref) (SC)
The number of criminal abortion deaths in Minnesota was investigated. Since the most frequent psychiatric indication for therapeutic abortion is the fear of the patient committing suicide, the problem of suicide in pregnancy is included in the report. The material studied is from the Minnesota Maternal Mortality Study for the 15-year period 1950-1964.
The author discusses the current legal confusion surrounding the issue of abortion in Ireland, particularly in relation to mental illness & suicide risk in pregnancy. (2 refs)
Long-Term Physical and Psychological Health Consequences of Induced Abortion: Review of the Evidence
In this article, the authors investigated the long-term health consequences of induced abortion. They found that induced abortion increased the risks for mood disorders & depression substantial enough to provoke attempts at self-harm. The implications of these findings are discussed. (101 refs)
In this paper the author has attempted to open a window on an African approach to bioethics – that of the Nso’ of the Bamenda Highlands of Kamerun. He argues that the approach, which he describes as Nso’ “eco-bio-communitarianism,” clearly indicates a viable alternative worldview within which some of the bioethical perplexities & controversies of […]
This presentation discussed findings of studies in relation to the latest literature & insights gained by those working in the area of post-abortion grief therapy. Subjects discussed in detail included why post-abortion grief is often related to suicidal & other forms of self-destructive behaviours such as alcohol & drug abuse. The ethics of abortion were […]
Life Ownership Orientation and Attitudes Toward Abortion, Suicide, Doctor-Assisted Suicide, and Capital Punishment
Initial support is presented for a new scale that assesses one’s life ownership orientation or the extent to which one believes that God, the individual, or society has the power to control & govern one’s life. Life Ownership Orientation Questionnaire scores demonstrated higher predictive validity with regard to attitudes toward abortion, suicide, doctor-assisted suicide, & […]
On Expanding the Parameters of Assisted Suicide, Directive Counseling, and Overriding Patients’ Cultural Beliefs
This article is an editorial comment on articles published in the summer 1993 edition of “The Journal of Clinical Ethics”. The first articles discuss the ethical implications of withdrawing medical support from patients and allowing them to die. Other issues dealt with are: patient privacy, pre-abortion counselling, implicatioins on public policy, and surrogacy.