Disrupted attachments: A social context complex trauma framework and the lives of Aboriginal peoples in Canada

The idea of “disrupted attachments” speaks to the multiple levels on which the historic and contemporary assaults on Aboriginal peoples in Canada have resonated. Not only have the policies of colonialism expressly aimed to sever the attachment of Canada’s First Nations to their land, customs, culture, modes of self-governance, languages and ways of life, but […]

Suicides in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people following hospital admission for suicidal ideation and self-harm: A retrospective cohort data linkage study from the Northern Territory

Purpose: This study aimed to explore risk factors for suicide in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people following hospital admission for suicidal ideation and self-harm in the Northern Territory, Australia to help clarify opportunities for improved care and intervention for these population groups. Methods: Individuals with at least one hospital admission involving suicidal ideation and/or self-harm between 1 July […]

A safe place to talk: Participant experiences and community recommendations from an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth suicide prevention program (IN:

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people in Queensland die by suicide at more than four times the rate of their non-Indigenous peers. As the evidence of successful suicide prevention is limited, understanding effective mechanisms is crucial. The United Health Education and Learning Program (UHELP) pilot program evaluation found a significant decrease in Aboriginal and […]

Does community cultural connectedness reduce the influence of area disadvantage on Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander young peoples’ suicide?

Objective: The study aimed to examine associations of community cultural connectedness with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young peoples’ suicide rates in areas with elevated risk factors. Methods: Age-specific suicide rates (ASSRs) were calculated using suicides recorded by the Queensland Suicide Register (QSR) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people (aged 15–24 years) in […]

A guide to Aboriginal organizations in Alberta

Listing of First Nation, Metis and Aboriginal organizations and services in Alberta. Also included are national and umbrella organizations with offices located elsewhere. Listings are restricted to not-for-profit organizations and services.

Promising healing practices for interventions addressing intergenerational trauma among Aboriginal youth: A scoping review

There is growing recognition in Canada around the role of intergenerational trauma in shaping physical and mental health inequities among Aboriginal youth. We examined recommendations on best practices for addressing intergenerational trauma in interventions for Aboriginal youth. Academic-community partnerships were formed to guide this scoping literature review. Peer-reviewed academic literature and “grey” sources were searched. […]

Factors associated with recovery in Aboriginal people in Canada who had previously been suicidal

To explore factors associated with recovery from suicidal ideation among Aboriginal peoples living off reserve in Canada. Recovery is defined as being free of serious suicidal thoughts for the past year. Data for this study came from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey, a nationally representative sample of Aboriginal peoples in Canada who are living off-reserve. […]

The occasional evil of angels: Learning from the experiences of Aboriginal peoples and social work

This paper explores how the propensity of social workers to make a direct and unmitigated connection between good intentions, rationale thought and good outcomes forms a white noise barrier that substantially interferes with our ability to see negative outcomes resulting directly or indirectly from our works. The paper begins with outlining the harm experienced by […]

Examining a community-based theatre program as a source of resilience and well-being among Indigenous youth in Saskatoon: Final report

Indigenous youth populations in Canada are rapidly growing and continually face health inequities. To address these issues, this project explores the relationships between participation in the COV arts-based theatre program and resilience and wellness outcomes for Indigenous youth living in urban contexts. Within this framework, our research approach is grounded in a “two-eyed seeing” community-based […]

Koori voices: Self-harm, suicide attempts, arrests and substance use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait island adolescents following residential treatment

BACKGROUND: Complex interacting social, economic and historical factors influence the availability and uptake of alcohol and drugs, including among Indigenous communities. Self-harm and suicide as well as homelessness and incarceration, can both precede and result from drug and alcohol use. Rates of self-harm, suicide and incarceration among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia […]

Final report of the Aboriginal Healing Foundation Volume III: Promising healing practices in Aboriginal communities

This volume is the third in a series of final reports being published by the Aboriginal Healing Foundation. Volume I—A Healing Journey: Reclaiming Wellness traces the Aboriginal healing movement and the AHF’s role within the wider movement. Volume II—Measuring Progress: Program Evaluation synthesizes the voluminous data collected through the evaluation process and the resulting recommendations […]

FCSS Aboriginal brief: Research brief 6

This research brief is one of six originally commissioned by FCSS in 2009 and updated in 2013 to include advances in research. These research briefs are not intended to serve as program development toolkits. The purpose of the briefs is to provide guidance from the research, where it exists, to funders and organizations working to: […]

Hope, help, and healing: A planning toolkit for First Nations and Aboriginal communities to prevent and respond to suicide

1. The Hope, Help and Healing approach adopted in this toolkit is based on The Suicide Prevention, Intervention and Postvention Initiative for BC which combines published research findings, the experiences of other provinces, and plans developed in BC. 2. Prevention, Intervention and Postvention (PIP)1 has been adopted as a best practice for use in BC. 3. […]

Suicide surveillance strategies for American Indian and Alaska Native communities

This report summarizes findings and recommendations from SPRC’s exploration of suicide surveillance among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities across the country. Each section describes challenges and provides strategies and resources to help AI/AN communities gather data on suicide to inform and evaluate their prevention efforts. The report was developed with input from national […]

Cultural continuity as a determinant of Indigenous peoples’ health: A metasynthesis of qualitative research in Canada and the United States

As a strengths-based alternative to Western notions of enculturation and acculturation theory, cultural continuity describes the integration of people within their culture and the methods through which traditional knowledge is maintained and transmitted. Through reviewing relevant, original research with Indigenous Peoples in Canada and the United States, the purpose of this metasynthesis is to describe and […]

Indigenous peoples atlas of Canada = Atlas des peuples autochtones du Canada

Indigenous perspectives, much older than the nation itself, shared through maps, artwork, history and culture. [v.1]. [Without special title] — [v.2]. First Nations — [v.3]. Inuit — [v.4]. Metis — Includes detailed Reference maps, a section on Truth and Reconciliation and a Glossary.

From oral to written: A celebration of Indigenous literature in Canada 1980-2010

Aboriginal Canadians tell their own stories, about their own people, in their own voice, from their own perspective.If as recently as forty years ago there was no recognizable body of work by Canadian writers, as recently as thirty years ago there was no Native literature in this country. Perhaps a few books had made a […]

My life my lead – opportunities for strengthening approaches to the social determinants and cultural determinants of Indigenous health: Report on the national consultations December 2017.

My Life My Lead conducted thirteen face-to-face consultations across every state and territory, reaching approximately 600 participants. The Department of Health also received 102 written submissions providing evidence and insights on the many factors that contribute to improved health outcomes throughout the life course and highlighting the role of many sectors and players outside the health […]

Indigenous knowledge approach to successful psychotherapies with Aboriginal suicide attempters.

Introduction: Suicide is disproportionately common among Aboriginal people in Canada. Methods: Life stories were collected from 54 Aboriginal suicide attempters in northern Saskatchewan. Constant comparison techniques and modified grounded theory identified common themes expressed. Results: Three common plots/themes preceded suicide attempts: 1) relationship breakup, usually sudden, unanticipated, involving a third person; 2) being publicly humiliated […]

Waka Hourua, ko au, ko koe, ko tātou Māori suicide prevention community programme.

In 2014, the first dedicated National Māori Suicide Prevention Programme: Waka Hourua was launched by Te Rau Matatini. One of its five streams was the operation of a National Coordination Centre for Māori Community Suicide Prevention. The major programme championed by the Centre included fostering Māori leadership, and building their capacity and capability to lead […]

Strengthening Âhkamêyimo among Indigenous youth: The social determinants of health, justice, and resilience in Canada’s north.

The wellbeing of Indigenous youth living in Canada’s northern communities continues to lag behind the rest of the Canadian population. To a large extent, these health inequities are perpetuated by processes of colonisation that significantly impact the social determinants of health in Canada’s Indigenous north. The purpose of this article is to review the history […]

Anishinaabeg women’s stories of wellbeing: Physical activity, restoring wellbeing, and confronting the settler colonial deficit analysis.

The settler colonial lens deficit approach to Indigenous peoples’ health constructs us as ill, which sets the stage for our eventual erasure. In contrast to this deficit-based approach, in this paper I employed an Anishinaabeg research paradigm and followed Anishinaabeg protocols to understand how Anishinaabeg women are creating wellbeing for themselves, their families, and communities […]

Suicide prevention education: Indigenous youths’ perspectives on wellness.

Suicide prevention education has been widely accepted as a viable effort to help prevent youth suicide. Education is typically focused at the individual-level revolving around the identification of persons-at-risk for suicide, classifying risk, and referring to formal mental health care providers. Scholars have begun to question standardised and uniform approaches to suicide education within Indigenous […]